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Bow Strokes


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Bow Strokes

  1. 1. Bow Strokes On & Off the String
  2. 2. Detache Sound and Pressure: <ul><li>Detache (Legato) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even Pressure between notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Detache Lance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even Pressure, but separation between notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line and dot over notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Detache Porte </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer on 2 nd beat- more emphasis </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Tremolo: <ul><li>Unmeasured – 3 lines on the note stem </li></ul><ul><li>Measured – two lines on the note stem </li></ul><ul><li>Unmeasured makes for a continuous staggered sound </li></ul><ul><li>Measured refers to Fast Detache Bow Stroke played in rhythm </li></ul>
  4. 4. Portato or Loure: <ul><li>Pulsating Slurs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light bow strokes separating the notes, but moving in the same direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dashes under the notes/ but not always/ older way dots under notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stopped Bows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dots under the bows with a clear articulation of notes – bow going in one direction </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Non-Legato / Articulated: <ul><li>Marcato / Martele </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bow into the string before stroke starts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accents above notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation through release of sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper Half to Middle of Bow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accented Detache </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes are heavily accented but connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accent with a line for the articulation mark </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Non-Legato / Articulated: <ul><li>Slurred Accent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bow increases speed and pressure at an instant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sf, sfz, piu f </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staccato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller version of Martele </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Softer bow stroke, but separation </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Non-Legato / Articulated: <ul><li>Slurred Staccato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One bow / separated notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hooked Bow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technique more than a bow stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting Uneven notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slurring Alternative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spiccato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bounce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flying Spiccato </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Rebound/ Springing Strokes: <ul><li>Sautille` </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Onff Spiccato – Bow hair stays on string – bow stick springs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Richochet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop the bow or throwing the bow letting it rebound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Onff Spiccato </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scrubbing the string with the bow/ brush spiccato </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colle` </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifted retakes at the frog (Up Bow “V”)- off the string </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Landing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Retakes on thes string, mostly down bow – can be mixed down up down </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Classical Motif: <ul><li>Mixture of Landing, Colle`, and Spiccato Strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Down Up Up </li></ul><ul><li>Up Down Up </li></ul><ul><li>Lifts in between notes </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks rule of starting Down Bow all the time </li></ul>