Preventing childhood obesity


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Preventing childhood obesity

  1. 1.   Violena Morales Leslie Méndez
  2. 2.  The number of overweight children has increased dramatically in recent years, but in United Stated this is considerate as epidemic.  This occurred in boys and girls in all states, in our population, in general (children's, teenagers, adults, old people) we can see the gaining weight to a dangerous degree and at an alarming rate.  For this reason the problem of obesity is a national public health priority.  For all these reason we going to explain what we can do to prevent that our kids fall in this type of epidemic starting from our homes.
  3. 3.  Consists of anthropological, physiological, biochemical, metabolic, anatomical, and social alterations.  The condition is characterized by an increased level of adiposity and a corresponding increase in body weight which has to be evaluated according to the standard values for the individual age categories of girls and boys.  Also, studies have shown that obese children are more likely to become as obese adults.
  4. 4.  It is considerate as a problem because this involves immediate and long-term health risks, such as heart disease as high cholesterol, high blood pressure; diabetes; asthma; sleep apnea; social discrimination and other.
  5. 5.  Both parents working outside home  Changes in the school food environment  More meals eaten outside  Changes in the physical design of communities often affect what children eat  Where they eat  How much they eat  The amount of energy they expend in school and leisure time activities
  6. 6.  Use of computers  Videos games  TV Note: Taking appropriate action require attention to what influences eating behaviors and physical activity levels because obesity prevention involves a focus on energy balance (calories consumed vs. calories expended).
  7. 7.  Maintaining energy balance at a healthy weight while protecting overall health growth, development and nutrition status.  Maintaining a balance between energy spent and the food and drinks we consume to support growth, normal development and metabolism.  “Energy intake=energy expenditure” • Considering the multitude of genetic, biological, physiological, socio- cultural and environmental factors that affect to keep this balance. o Children are strongly influence by the food, and physical activity related decision made by their families, school and communities.
  8. 8.  Healthy eating behaviors, regular physical activity, and reduced sedentary activity.  Healthy lifestyle that should be developed during early childhood.  Following the Dietary Guidelines, this provide general diet and lifestyle recommended for healthy people since 2 years and over (not for babies).
  9. 9.  Parents can help prevent the obesity of their child by providing healthy meals, daily physical activity, and nutrition education. • Healthy meals provide nutrition for growing bodies. • Increased physical activity reduces health risks and helps weight management. • Nutrition education helps young children develop an awareness of good nutrition and healthy eating habits for a lifetime.  If the parents follow these guidelines can help promote health and reduce risk for chronic diseases.
  10. 10. Your children can be encouraged to adopt healthy eating behaviors and be physically active when parent:  Focus on good health, not in a certain weight goal.  Teach healthy and positive attitudes toward food and physical activity without emphasizing body weight.  Focus on the family and do not set overweight children apart, this have to involve the whole family and everyone have to be working to gradually change the family's physical activity and eating habits.  The parents have to establish a schedule for daily meal and snack, and eating together as frequently as possible.  Make a wide variety of healthful foods available based on the Food Guide Pyramid for Young Children.
  11. 11. There is not magic pill that will cure a society’s poor eating habits. Who can do only so much to protect their children? Those are the parents. As children get older they become more responsible for their own choices. Unfortunately, some of the choices they make can affect their future health. Each family must take their own choices and must make their utmost to give their children every opportunity to be healthy in the years to come.