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  1. 1. California<br />Jacqueline Mougel<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 7<br />1890s: dams, aqueducts, reservoir, power plants industrial sites, brides, road ways, public buildings, & stations<br />2/3 annual precipitation falls in northern third of state<br />Sacramento & San Joaquin (rivers)<br />Drainage Act: $100,000 for irrigation, drainage, navigation studies<br />William Hammond (state engineer)<br />
  3. 3. Chapter 7<br />Lux v. Haggin (1877)<br />Henry Miller & Charles Lux against Kern Country Land & Water Company regarding the right to draw flowing river water upstream from another’s property<br />Agreement: allowed each side to draw water at stated intervals<br />Colorado River -gravity canal flows into Imperial Valley<br />1900- 40% of 1.5 million lived in Bay Area or Los Angeles<br />
  4. 4. Chapter 7<br />Los Angeles Aqueduct: 6 years, 235miles= O’Shaughnessy Dam<br />Allowed Los Angeles to expand to 442.7 square miles by 1930, population 1,238,048= 5th largest city<br />Mediterranean Revival style- San Francisco<br />University culture: University of California at Berkeley<br />Burnham Plan: City Beautiful movement- San Francisco & San Diego <br />
  5. 5. Chapter 9<br />Wilmot’s “Proviso”= all land from Mexico no slavery block in congress<br />Natural Limits thesis -1830s expansion of cotton frontier into eastern Texas- slavery could no longer expand<br />Abraham Lincoln won presidency in 1860<br /> slaveholders: expand into Mexico<br />
  6. 6. Chapter 9<br />Utah & New Mexico legalized slavery in 1852 & 1859<br />CA proslavery in 1850s<br />1848- Treaty of Gudalupe Hidalgo- transferred CA from Mexico to USA<br />1848- CA’s Gold Rush<br />October 1849: CA settles petitioned Congress to make CA a state (against slavery)<br />Settlers did not wan to compete with salve labor<br />
  7. 7. Chapter 9<br />Introduction of CA as a free state=balance power of slave states in USA<br />CA-Democratic (David Broderick and David Terry)<br />Broderick & Terry dueled- Broderick died<br />1859: a bill to split CA in two-failed<br />
  8. 8. Chapter 12<br />California founded on racial distinctions & repressions<br />1871: lynching of Chinese in LA<br />Anti-Japanese “White California”<br />Segregation of Japanese schoolchildren<br />Jim Crow: Mexican, African, Japanese Americans<br />LA: most important Jewish civilization center<br />1900s: San Francisco highest proportion of foreign-born residents relative to total population<br />1930s: Dust Bowl many went to CA <br />
  9. 9. Chapter 12<br />WWII: increase of African Americans<br />1965: Immigration & Nationality Acts amendments<br />Asians immigrated on equal basis=increase Asia America population<br />85 languages in LA school district<br />Watts riots or 1965: black vs. white<br />LA riots of 1992: black & browns vs. whites & Koreans<br />O.J. Simpson trail or 1995: murder of two white people whether a black defendant could get a fair treatment<br />
  10. 10. Chapter 12<br />1992 Illegal immigration: CA’s biggest problem<br />1960s Kennedy’s reform of immigration laws<br />1 million Chinese, 1 million Filipinos<br />Latino population: 7.7 million 1990<br />LA- 3rd largest Mexican city in world <br />“Save Our State: Prop 187 withdrawal of all public support for illegals<br />2000: CA strong Hispanic majority<br />