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# Perek alef

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### Perek alef

1. 1. Sefer Shemos-Perek 1 By Rabbi Joshua CohenGrade Level: High SchoolDescription:A comprehensive treatment of the first perek in Sefer Shemos. The information isorganized in question and answer format with footnotes that add relevant and importantinformation. Some of the meforshim which are dealt with are the Ibn Ezra, Ralbag,Rashbam, Ramban, Seforno, Malbim and Abarbanel, among others. This outline willgive the students a feel for the different styles of the meforshim and will give them athorough analysis of the perek.Goals/Objectives:Students will analyze the various meforshim on the perek and will compare theirapproaches to the pesukim.Instructions:1. Attempt to get the students to generate the questions.2. Point out the difference between pshat and drash using Rashi when he brings examples of drash when applicable.
2. 2. zeny xtq zeny zyxt ` wxtoFrnW o´¥ § a :E`«A Fzi¥ E Wi¬¦ aŸ r«© z´¥ dn§i®¨vn mi† Ad ia ÆzFnW d¤ ` § ` ½ § ¦ aE` ¨ † a ` w£ i ` ¨ x § ¦ `¨ © ½ ¦ § N¥ Ài¬¥ vŸ W¤²¤Îl¨ id§i © d :x«¥ `e§ c¬¨ ilYt©e§ o¬¨ c :on¨paE o† f§ x¬¨ UV¦ b :dcEdi«e¦ i†¥ ` § i« tp M À¦ W¨ B † ¨ § p¦ «¦ i § ¦ lEa k ¨ ª «¨ e¦lxFCd lŸe§ eig`Îl¨ e§ ÆsqFi z¨³¨ © e :m¦ixvna did s† e§ W¤®¨ mi´¦ aW aŸ r«©ÎKx«¤ ¬© k ¨¤ k ¥ † ½ nI «¨ § ¦ § ¬¨ ¨ qFi tp r § ¦ w£ i ¤ i ¥ † :`Edd «©1. Why does zeny xtq begin with a xeagd "e" (a connecting vuv)? A. oanx- explains that this is similar in nature to the `xfr mixtq and dingp as dingp continues the narrative of `xfr. Here too zeny xtq continues the narrative of xtq ziy`xa. (See question #2) B. `xfr oa`- explains that the beginning of zeny xtq is demonstrating that unlike sqei the mihay in ziy`xa xtq had few descendants. (See question #2) C. l`paxa`- explains that the stories here are connected to the previous stories.2. Why does zeny xtq begin with listing the names of the those who descended with awri? A. m"ayx- explains that scripture wishes to emphasize the extant that Hashem had them cŸ n cŸ nA Envr«©e© E¬ x¦Ie© Evx§W¦I«e© Ex¨ as when they entered mixvn they were only 70 ` § ` § ¦ †§ © I A § ² § ® ´ ¯R descendants of awri. B. `xfr oa`- explains on bk p ziy`xa that the verse states exclusively by sqei that `§³© © xI mi®¦ NW ipA m¦ixt`§l ÆsqFi so the `xwn in zeny picked up with the children at the other W¥ ¦ † § ½© § ¤ ¥ ¥ mihay in order to demonstrate that they also had descendants. C. oanx- 1. first explains that ziy`xa xtq is a fnx1 to all that will happen to the children of the zea` in the future. After the book of dxivi (formation- ziy`xa xtq) is complete now we can begin to focus on the events that were generated from the previous book. Therefore we reiterate the names of the tribes as the beginning of the exile is a whole new beginning. This is why the zeny xtq opens with a1. Be sure to review the idea of fnx (from the introduction to jpz), specifically "mipal oniq zea`l dxiry dn lk".
3. 3. connecting vuv (see question #1). He also points out that this exile doesn’ end t until l`xyi mr reaches the heights of their forefathers, and concludes with the okyn wherein the Divine Presence dwells among l`xyi mr, as it did amongst the zea`. 2. He also comments on the opinion of `xfr oa` and states simply that it is eppi`" "oekp. l`paxa` gives three reasons to explain why oanx rejects `xfr oa`: a. In ziy`xa xtq the `xwn details all of the offspring of the other mihay and we would never think that they did not have descendants; b. here in zeny zyxt the `xwn states explicitly, Envr«©e© E¬ x¦Ie© Evx§W¦I«e© Ex¨ iaE f †§ © I A § ² § ¯R :m«zŸ ux† d `lOY© cŸ n cŸ nA. Thus it is very clear that they have many ¨ ` ¤ ` ¨ ¬¥ ¨ ¦ e ` § ` § ¦ ¨ ® ´ descendants; and c. `xfr oa` contradicts his own explanation as sqei is mentioned here with the rest of the mihay. 3. Lastly, he quotes iyx’ explanation that it “ s demonstrates Hashem’ love”and s he notes that though the idea is true it is "dcb` ixac" and the plain reason is as he stated.2 D. epxetq- explains that all who are mentioned in d-` miweqt embody and teach ezxev" ziiyi`d”(the true form of humanity) as their generation never strayed from the d jxc unlike the generations that followed. E. l`paxa`- first rejects the opinion of oanx for three reasons: 1. If this was the intention the proper place to connect zeny xtq to would be zyxt ybie as the entry into mixvn would be directly juxtaposed to exile in mixvn; 2. One can not compare to separation of two zeiyxt in the dxez (even if they are in different “ books” to other books in jp as dingp ,`xfr ,minid ixac are ) individual works and do not have an inherent connection to each other. For example ilyn and zldw are not inherently connected though they are both authored by jlnd dnely. Whereas, yneg is by its’unique authorship inherently connected; lastly 3. The manner the miweqt present the information is different. In ziy`xa xtq the names of the mihay and all their children are mentioned whereas in zeny xtq only the mihay are mentioned. If the `xwn is teaching us that the two stories are connected why is the presentation changed? If the focus is to connect the stories by writing the same “ headline”it should not be abridged.2. The words of the oanx beautifully illustrate the coexistence of qcxt: enk `ed e"`ea mxeage miweqtd xeyw la` ,xicz mzeny lteke oaagn d"awdy aeagd oipra zn` ly mixac mde ,dcb` ixac el`e" ":izyxity