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  1. 1. AO1 - How Genres Have Developed TRADE MAGAZINE Kine weekly Kine Weekly, also k n o w n a s T h e K i n e m a t o g r a p h Weekly, was a British fi l m i n d u s t r y newspaper. It was founded in 1889 as a monthly publication, and first released as Photographic Enlarger and Optical Magic L a n t e r n . I t w a s renamed Kine Weekly in 1907. It was owned by Odhams Press, a British publishing company founded the same year as the first Kine Weekly release. The magazine contained a variety of British film details, used by the industry, for example. It had reviews, news, advertisement, and announced dates on national or regional meetings for organizations within the industry, such as Kinema Renter’s Society and Cinematograph Exhibitor’s Association. The magazine indexed things like box office records and is a vital archive of the success and development of the British TV and Film industries, since late 19th century. Today’s Cinema Today’s cinema was founded in 1957 in the US. It was stated as the rival to Kine Weekly, because similarly, it also applied to people in the film industry, not consumers. US cinema was at thriving at the time and so many people in the trade looked to the US magazine as a source of prosperous advice. Screen International In 1975 Kine Weekly and Today’s Cinema came together to form Screen International, it carried on being a magazine for the industry. At first it was released in the UK and then it went global. It was effective because it distributed weekly as a business to business publishing. Today, Screen International is owned by UNIT 01 Lewis Moran Here is the first ever publication of the paper in 1889.Here is a 1966 edition of Kine Weekly, featuring the release of ‘You’re a big boy now’, a film written by Francis Ford Coppola.
  2. 2. EMAP(East Midland Allied Press), a British Media publishing company founded in 1947. It’s main rival is Variety, an American Entertainment- Trade magazine founded in 1905 in New York. Screen International also competed with The Hollywood Reporter, but that’s now a consumer based publication, as of 2010. FAN/CONSUMER MAGAZINES Motion Picture Story Magazine Motion Picture Story Magazine contained news & reviews, runs the entire plot of films, helps the audience not miss out on content in films, developed to be a star magazine focused on films. Picture Goer Picture Goer is a UK published magazine between the time 1921 - 1960. It focus is on contemporary films and performers who appeared in them. In November 1925 it was published monthly but then disappeared for a years and then started again in May 1931 as a weekly magazine. It started as a serious film magazine but then in the 1940’s it focused more on the glamour of industry films. It is aimed specifically at a female audience. In the 1950’s they changed the content to a TV based entertainment. Empire Magazine Empire Magazine is a British film magazine published by Bauer Consumer Media. It is published monthly. The first issue was released in July 1989 and was edited by Barry Mcllheney and published by EMAP. Empire Magazine reviews mainstream films and art films. It has a strong online presence and it closest rival is Total Film Magazine. UNIT 01 Lewis Moran
  3. 3. INTELLECTUAL - FILM AS ART Monthly Film Bulletin Monthly Film Bulletin is published monthly from February 1934 - April 1991. It reviewed all films on released in the UK including those with a narrow arthouse release. It is aimed mainly at cinema owners. Sight & Sound Sight & Sound is a monthly film magazine published by the BFI (British Film Institute). It is promoted and documented in the UK film industry. It is merged with Month Film Bulletin in 1991. Serious x Critical !! Completist Idea S&S ! ! Serious x Synopsis and full credits. Little White Lies Little White Lies is a monthly British independent movie magazine. Which features writing illustrations and photography that is related to cinema. It is published and designed in The Church Of London. It’s co founder is Danny Miller and the first issue was created for a student project. Fangoria Fangoria is a US film fan magazine which is distributed internationally and specializes in horror, slasher, splatter and exploitation films. Fangoria started in 1978 and its first focus was Sci-Fi films but then it switched to horror because of the film Dawn of the Dead. It the 1980’s it was a huge success to the home video market and it expanded to festivals, film production and radio brands. UNIT 01 Lewis Moran
  4. 4. Super Natural Magazine Independently published in Devon. It is created to tap in the success of hammer horror. Coverage of monsters, themes and creative practitioners. SFX SFX magazine is a British magazine which is about science fiction and fantasy films it is published monthly by Future PLC. It was founded in 1995, and includes genres such as science fiction, fantasy and horror in the media of films and television, video games, comics and literature. SF stands for science fiction and the X stands for effects(FX). They have a website where they feature news, reviews, competitions, reader blogs and read forum. The Film Programme The film programme is a British film review television programme. It is broadcasted weekly on BBC one. There have been different presenters and is currently Claudia Winkleman. Barry Norman (1972 - 1978) Jonathan Ross (1998 - 2010) Claudia Winkleman (2011 - Current) It is studio based and they hold reviews and interviews at the heat of the show. Every year it has a new name for example this year it is “Film 2013”. Industry magazines have developed either to be exclusively about the industry and so are B2B and not available on newstands, OR have evolved into high brow critical evaluations of film. Consumer magazines have grown from being aimed primarily at a female audience to being more fan-boy male orientated. Looking at Empire and Total Film these are both consumer magazines with a focus on Blockbuster, multi-plex titles rather than arthouse indy. The written word is still the most popular medium to express critical views, however, the popularity of the Kermode and Mayo podcast shows that verbal responses on radio (or podcast) are being to grow in popularity. The niche magazines that focus on one sub-genre tend to be focused on horror and UNIT 01 Lewis Moran
  5. 5. Sci-fi - both genres that are flexible enough to allow for new and interesting content, but also are aimed at a hardcore fanbase. UNIT 01 Lewis Moran