Ch16 Europe after the fall of rome


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Ch16 Europe after the fall of rome

  1. 1. Europe after the Fall of Rome Ch. 16 Early Medieval Art Dark ages 400-1400 Dying Roman Empire
  2. 2. <ul><li>Rome slowly turns into a Christian Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Non Romans – HUNS< Vandals, FRANKS, Goths </li></ul><ul><li>Celts, Ireland, France – Power divided up by Scandinavian Vikings </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>We don’t know a lot about these people but we do know that art was produced to create a status symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Bracelets, Wallets, weapons, belt buckles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purse Cover – Sutton Hoo Ship Burial in Suffolk, England 625ca Gold, glass and enamel cloisonné with garnets and emeralds
  5. 5. Merovingian looped fibula, France 6 th century <ul><li>Favored by the Romans to fastened their garments, </li></ul><ul><li>Usually buried with women </li></ul><ul><li>Justinian had one on his clothes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Animal Head Post - Viking ship burial - Norway Pagan traders and pirates were known as Vikings They Destroyed the Christian monastic communities Especially in England Lavishly carved animal head, roaring beast located on a Viking ship
  7. 7. Wooden Portal of the Stave church at Urnes, Norway 1050-1070 <ul><li>Intertwined figures </li></ul><ul><li>Plants stalks </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hiberno – Saxon Art Man –Symbol of Matthew 660-680
  9. 9. Hiberno – Saxon Art British Isles – Hibernia – ancient name of Ireland <ul><li>St. Patrick established church in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Began Christianization of the Celts </li></ul><ul><li>These people wanted Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Irish Monks settled in isolated areas in Ireland, Scotland and some locations in England </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cross and Carpet Page –Lindisfarne Gospels 698
  11. 11. Chi-rho-iota – Book of Kells -carpet page, included the new testament 8 th century Tempera on Vellum
  12. 12. Saint Matthew –from the Lindsisfarne Gospels – 698ce
  13. 13. High Cross of Muiredach –Ireland 923 Largest fine cross , Marked grave, fantastic animals, Panels of Christ’s story
  14. 14. Mozarabic Art Crossed into Spain from N. African, they brought Islam to where Rome had ruled for ages. Christian culture of Iberia called Mozarabic - Christians living in Arab Territory Emeteriuis- Tower and scriptorium of San Salvador de Tabara, colophon –SPAIN 970
  15. 15. Carolingian Art 800- Pope Leo III, crowned Charles the Great aka Charlemagne, 1 st HOLY Roman Emperor, 9 th Century –Charlemagne – outstretched hand in which he holds the globe. (world dominion)
  16. 16. Carolingian Art – Revive Art of Ancient Rome <ul><li> St. Matthew – Coronation Gospels, 800ca </li></ul><ul><li>Above – Ebbo Gospels, Frank (Ink and tempera on vellum) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lindau Gospels -870ca <ul><li>Pearls, jewels, gem stones, repousse </li></ul>
  18. 18. Architecture –Roman Christian sources <ul><li>Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne 795 ce </li></ul><ul><li>Imported purple marble </li></ul><ul><li>Like san Vitale </li></ul>
  19. 19. Interior of Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, 792 Germany
  20. 20. Torhalle (gatehouse), Lorsh Germany 9 th century
  21. 22. Corvey, Germany 873 <ul><li>Basilica with towers, west end of building </li></ul>
  22. 23. Ottonian Art <ul><li>Double transept plan begins in churches, loss of tradition in art </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Rome and early Christian art </li></ul><ul><li>Theme in Ottonian art arch – interior arches and windows do not line up with each other </li></ul>
  23. 24. Ottonian Art Abbey Church of St. Michaels 1000
  24. 25. Nave of the Church of St. Cyriakus – Germany 961
  25. 26. St. Michaels – Hildesheim, Germany 1015 <ul><li>Bishop Bernwad visited Otto III </li></ul><ul><li>Hung out in the neighborhood of Santa Sabrina( known for its church of carved doors) </li></ul><ul><li>Made for St. Michaels 1015 – 16ft High – Lost Wax Process </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to Ottoman and Carolington Books </li></ul><ul><li>Only Monks could pass through the doors </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Doors tell the story of original sin </li></ul><ul><li>Adam and Eve, emotional impact </li></ul>
  27. 28. Column w/Relief showing life of Christ 1015ce <ul><li>Narrative -story of Jesus life top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>Rome an influence </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Column of Trajan </li></ul>
  29. 30. Carolingian Tradition of book making <ul><li>Annunciation to the shepherd 1000ce( in Lectionary of Henry II) </li></ul><ul><li>What influenced this page ? </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Winged Nike </li></ul>
  31. 32. Statue and Reliquary – 970 – Cologne Cathedral <ul><li>Like a Byzantine suffering Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul>
  32. 33. Otto III enthroned from Reichenau Germany 997ce
  33. 34.