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Winnipeg general strike


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The Winnipeg General Strike overview

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Winnipeg general strike

  1. 1. Predict: How might these images relate? How might they differ? What is going on in each? Think, Pair, Share
  2. 2. Terms To Know: •Communism •O.B.U •Collective Bargaining •General Strike •Sedition •Citizen’s Committee of 1,000 •Bloody Saturday
  3. 3. Winnipeg General Strike North Main Street, 21 June 1919, resulting in 30 casualties and one death
  4. 4. The Lead Up Winnipeg -Largest Western City
  5. 5. The Lead Up 1. Soldiers -Lack of gov’t aid (pension, medical) -Few jobs -Resented rich employers (factory owners)
  6. 6. Returning WWI soldiers at Union Station, Winnipeg, 1919 Canadian Soldiers, WW1 Returning home, 1919
  7. 7. The Lead Up 2. Workers -Poor pay -Poor conditions
  8. 8. Rules of the Workplace (Cigar Factory) •10 hrs make up a day's work •No one is allowed to stop work during working hours •All employees to be search before leaving the factory •Loud or profane talking strictly prohibited. •All employees wasting or dropping tobacco on the floor will be fined for each offence. •Hair combing not allowed in the factory
  9. 9. The Lead Up 3. Influenza (Flu) Epidemic -Passed along CPR lines -Hit Winnipeg hard (1918/19)
  10. 10. The Lead Up 4. Communist Influences -Russian Revolution (1919) -”Worker’s Unite!” -No private ownership -High Russian Population
  11. 11. Power In Numbers Unions -organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals
  12. 12. Power In Numbers O.B.U. “One Big Union” (1919) -Represents all Canadian workers -Main Weapon: GENERAL STRIKE!! Strike Committee 1919
  13. 13. Power In Numbers Collective Bargaining -1 bargains on behalf of the whole e.g. Union leaders negotiate with a company for better wages/ conditions for workers(union members.
  14. 14. How It All Went Down 1. Metal Workers Walk Out (May 1919) Demands: -higher wages (85 cents/hour) -shorter work week (60 hrs/wk -> 44) -Right to collective bargaining
  15. 15. How It All Went Down 2. GENERAL STRIKE! -30,000 Support Strike -Strike Committee -Winnipeg ground to a halt!
  16. 16. How It All Went Down 3. Citizen’s Committee of 1,000 -Business leaders, politicians,factory owners -Create Special Police Force -Arrest strike leaders -Fire civic workers -“Sedition” -threatening the state
  17. 17. Citizen’s Committee of 1000
  18. 18. How It All Went Down 4. Bloody Saturday (June 21, 1919) -Parade: workers protest -N.W.M.P. charge the crowd -1 dead, 30 injured -Many arrested
  19. 19. How It All Went Down 5. Workers Defeated -Back to Work (Monday June 22, 1919) -43 day protest ends
  20. 20. Results 1. Many strikers were not rehired
  21. 21. Results 2. Some strikers were rehired, but forced to sign a contract: Forbidding union involvement
  22. 22. Results 3. 7 arrested leaders served prison time J.S. Woodsworth: -formed the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF)  NDP
  23. 23. Summary 1. Winnipeg in a fragile state, unhappy masses 2. Workers STRIKE to protest unrest 3. City grinds to a halt 4. Citizen’s Committee of 1000 opposes 5. Bloody Saturday – violence erupts 6. Workers return back to work
  24. 24. Forum Question: Were the workers justified in their decision to strike?