Rise of towns <ul><li>theories differ </li></ul>http://www.historiasiglo20.org/MEC-BC/images/medieval_fair.jpg
Rise of towns <ul><li>charters </li></ul>http://community.iexplore.com/photos/journal_photos/Rouen_prefRes.jpg Henry II of England: Grant of a Gild to the Tanners of Rouen, 1170 Henry, by the grace of God, King of England, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and Count of Anjou, to his earls, barons, justiciars, sheriffs, ministers, and all his faithful followers, greeting. Be it known that I have granted and confirmed with this my charter to my tanners of Rouen their gild and tan and oil, and all the gild's customs and duties, freely and quietly, fully and honorably; and (I have commanded) for the sake of the service which those tanners do me that no one shall ply their craft in Rouen, nor within the district of Rouen except with their permission. Wherefore, I wish and firmly command that no one molest nor disturb them, nor take action against their craft except before me. Witnesses, etc.
Rise of towns <ul><li>merchant guilds (Gild Merchant) and craft guilds </li></ul>http://www.broccairn.org/images/coloring_book/Weaver.gif http://www.jeffnilsson.com/webPhotos/mirror.jpg
Politics: Feudalism and Manorialism Kings Nobles Knights Serfs a political system: land in return for military service an economic system: protection in return for agricultural labor nobles hold manors and gain profit through the labor of.... control large areas through loyalty of nobles can be landless, loyal to more than one noble
Politics: Triangular Tension http://www. radioiowa .com/resource/image_librarian/20071018/040023/ lew .jpg http://www. wf -f.org/ WFFResource / Isidore .jpg Kings Church Nobles The Investiture Controversy Magna Carta The Crusades