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The universe by Alex Gamo


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Science project
CEIP Villa de Guadarrama 2015

Published in: Education
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The universe by Alex Gamo

  1. 1. The Universe 1Alex Gamo Garrido
  2. 2. The Earth 2Alex Gamo Garrido The Earth is the third planet from the Sun and comes between the planet Venus and the planet Mars. The Earth takes 365¼ days to complete its orbit round the Sun. As the Earth orbits round the Sun it turns on its axis, rotating right round in 24 hours. The side of the Earth that faces the Sun has daytime and the side of the Earth that is turned away from the Sun has night-time. The Earth is 93 million miles, or 150 million kilometres from the Sun. The Earth’s diameter, the distance round its middle at the Equator, is 7928 miles, or 12760 kilometres. The Earth differs from all the other planets because it has such a wide diversity of life and intelligent beings. This has only been possible because of the Earth’s atmosphere which has protected the Earth and allowed life to flourish.
  3. 3. Jupiter Alex Gamo Garrido 3 Jupiter is the giant of the Solar System, with a mass more than 300 times the mass of the Earth. Jupiter has a diameter of 88,700 miles, or 142,750 kilometres. Jupiter is the fifth planet in order from the Sun and is about 483 million miles, or 777 million kilometres from the Sun. The Earth is much closer to the Sun than it is to Jupiter. Jupiter is the stormiest planet in the Solar System. There are 64 moons in total, four of which are large enough to be easily observed with a small telescope. The first person to discover and observe Jupiter’s moons was Galileo.
  4. 4. The Moon The natural satellite of The Earth. Alex Gamo Garrido 4 The Moon has no atmosphere and so we can still see the damage caused billions of years ago. As it rotates round the Earth we see different fractions of the sunlit half, or hemisphere, of the Moon. These are known as the phases of the Moon, or lunar phases. The Moon changes from a thin crescent to a full moon and back again to a crescent in one month (actually 29 days, which is a lunar month). The first person to walk on the Moon was the American astronaut, Neil Armstrong, who stepped out of his space landing craft, the Eagle, on 21 July 1969 with these famous words, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”.
  5. 5. Titan The natural satellite of The Saturn. Alex Gamo Garrido 5 The Titan is the largest moon of Saturn. Titan's diameter is 50% larger than Earth's natural satellite, the Moon, and it is 80% more massive. Titan is primarily composed of water ice and rocky material. The atmosphere of Titan is largely nitrogen; minor components lead to the formation of methane–ethane clouds and nitrogen-rich organic smog. The climate— including wind and rain—creates surface features similar to those of Earth. Titan is 5,150 kilometres (3,200 mi) in diameter, compared to 4,879 kilometres (3,032 mi) for the planet Mercury, 3,474 kilometres (2,159 mi) for the Moon, and 12,742 kilometres (7,918 mi) for Earth.