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  1. 1. The NIH Public Access Mandate and Open Access What do we need to know…and why?
  2. 2. WHAT IS THE NIH PUBLIC ACCESS POLICY? 1 <ul><li>As of April 7, 2008: </li></ul><ul><li>NIH-funded investigators are required to submit (or have submitted for them) their final, peer-reviewed manuscript to PubMed Central (PMC) upon acceptance of publication to be made publicly available within 12 months of publication. This policy applies to NIH-funded manuscripts accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>As of May 25, 2008: </li></ul><ul><li>NIH applications, proposals and progress reports must include the PubMed Central reference number (PMCID) when citing an article that falls under the policy and is authored or co-authored by the investigator, or arose from the investigator ’s NIH award. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHEN DOES IT APPLY? 2 <ul><li>Institutions and PIs are responsible for compliance… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even if the PI is not an author on the publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must ensure compliance before signing a copyright transfer agreement </li></ul></ul>WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? 3 <ul><li>The NIH Public Access Policy applies to any manuscript that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is peer-reviewed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is accepted for publication on or after April 7, 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arises from direct funding from NIH </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. HOW DO YOU COMPLY? 2 <ul><li>Submission Method A: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publish in a journal that publishes all NIH-funded final published articles to PMC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Submission Method B: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Request that the publisher deposit the specific final published article to PMC (usually for a fee) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Submission Method C: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deposit the final peer-reviewed manuscript through the NIH Manuscript Submission System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Submission Method D: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the publisher initiated submission of the final peer-reviewed manuscript using NIHMS </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What are we talking about? [1] <ul><ul><li>Public Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Access </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. How do I tell the difference?
  7. 7. OA Outside of NIH <ul><ul><li>All NIH-funded material is free/public access, but not necessarily OA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OA material is not necessarily mandated, rather the researchers want their findings to be freely available with few/no restrictions. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Scholarly Publishing <ul><ul><li>Who are you? (publishing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who has recognized your work? (citing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither involves the author getting PAID. Never has. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So, why the 30% overhead? Why the “serials crisis”? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Roads to OA <ul><ul><li>Green: Self-archive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not always refereed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consequences? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conference presentations, raw data, grey lit, tutorials </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open digital repositories (1,700+) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mandates (200+) [4] </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal websites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problems? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Rationale Behind OA: Why isn ’t public access enough? <ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Author addendum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Georgia State case </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The scholar ’ s copy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embargoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recent Alzheimer ’ s research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Harold Varmus </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. OCTOBER 24-30, 2011 | EVERYWHERE