On Learning Spaces in Higher Education

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On Learning Spaces in Higher Education
Space as an agent of change
InSite Conference 2011
Novi Sad - Serbia
18-23 June

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On Learning Spaces in Higher Education

  1. 1. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264 Pedro Silva Luís Borges GouveiaEscola Superior de Tecnologias de Castelo Branco Universidade Fernando Pessoa Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco Porto, Portugal Castelo Branco, Portugal psilva@ipcb.pt lmbg@ufp.edu.pt CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT Thursday 23 June at 09:00 - 10:30 in Room C On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  2. 2. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 This presentation is the result of a qualitative research conducted between February 2009 and March 2010 Main objective : Capture a set of personal experiences related to spaces used by higher education teachers, particularly “classroom, Collaborative Spaces, Social Spaces and Virtual Spaces. Contribution : Facilitate the creation of new Learning Environments and make a discussion ofIMPACT CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO space’s component organization as one of the important factors in the creation of a learning space. The proposals advanced (resulting from the interviews) produced important contributions and confirm the need to make changes. The aim of the project is try to find and test a set of factors that maximize the creation of high quality learning spaces, pliable and sustainable to the future needs of the students. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  3. 3. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 are face to face (f2f) with a new teaching setting STUDENTS Preparing the KNOWLEDGE SOURCES New Generation of Students (Net Generation) - Digital Students can access to that contents and study - Connected by themselves, developing therefore individual CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT - Want to create and learn at the same time and group skills THE TECHNOLOGY Study by themselves in any place with Internet The technology changes affect the teaching and and the also can, if they have questions, use the learning processes and the places they are email to clear up all doubts and solve problems possible with their tutors On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  4. 4. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Looking back to Look forward : Old Space Many universities have insufficient or inappropriate learning spaces; they are too small, very dark or cold, made in the wrong places, etc. The students dont talk, and they are encouraged to work CAPABILITY alone. COLLABORATIO IMPACT New Space The new learning space should be able to motivate learners and promote learning as an activity, support collaborative as well as formal learning. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  5. 5. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Qualitative Data Collection: Selection of participants Technique – In depth Interviewing The choice satisfies the criteria All of the interviews in this study were tape-recorded with that will capture realities and experiences of learning spaces the professors permissions, and later transcribed to provide accurate records for analysis. - Being a Higher Education professor; - Having a considerable experience The interviews were structured around a list of topics in higher education, more than 10 years; based on concepts presented in the existing literature, CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT - Being involved in research including sharing preferences with regard to the type of projects in the field of Information Systems, learning spaces, or virtual information, the person or group with whom the information learning environments and is being shared, and the purpose behind sharing. distance education (eLearning); - Using Information and The core topics were as follows: Communication Technologies and teaching in an environment where digital technology was explored. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  6. 6. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 The interviews were face-to- face. Between the first and second interviews sets, almost three months elapsed. Based on our previous research experience interviewing professors, we felt a second interview set CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT was required to build theory. A strong rapport was necessary to obtain trustworthy data. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  7. 7. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  8. 8. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Perceptions of Learning Environments All teachers knew and used the Spaces. They all share the idea that the classroom’s space must change, because of the new teaching methodologies, the introduction of new ICT, and the new students. The concept of Collaborative Spaces is not new; most of the teachers consider it very important because “it is impossible to work alone”. Some of the participants recognize that the way students collaborate with each other is important. CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT In the new society’s model, known by the network society, collaboration leads and collaborative learning spaces must be a reality. Teachers had some difficulties distinguishing collaborative spaces and social spaces. They all used collaborative spaces and recommended such spaces. One sentiment expressed with displeasure, was the fact that a better integration with the space and the classroom space is possible. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  9. 9. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Perceptions of Learning Environments The traditional classroom space is too limited, most of the time teachers are in a pulpit where knowledge flews in only one direction. Interaction between the teacher and students is almost impossible; This paradigm leads to changes in students and professors attitudes; It is important to create a psychological comfortable atmosphere between professors and students in order to improve physical comfort; CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT Education should be an intense and motivating experience as many others that provide more physical pleasure; The space organization and layout must follow that approach. The traditional classroom doesn’t reflect the current paradigms. Space must have a minimum comfort, and luxury does not mean comfort. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  10. 10. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Perceptions of Learning Environments Ideal learning space We asked to make a projection of the Ideal Learning Space. All participants held that an ideal learning space needs: Technology Adjustable furniture, Different teaching methodologies, CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT Perfect environmental conditions and motivation. It is important to create: individual spaces for each student, the existence of open spaces, smaller learning spaces, classrooms with mobilization facilities and the creation of “activity islands”. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  11. 11. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Perceptions of Learning Environments Information and communication technology (ICT) in learning spaces We asked respondents what they think about the adoption of technologies in Learning Environments. - It essential in the classroom; - Access, maintenance, management and integration in the classroom are important; - Is limited both as a result of professors’ skills and as financial and operational restrictions. CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT Organization of Learning Environments Recognizing the importance of Space in creating high quality Learning Spaces, and considering the weak technology’s adoption as the only factor to create these spaces, we present the main reflections from interviews and we propose a model that presents the principal conclusions of this study. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  12. 12. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 Organization of Learning Environments Model The organization of Learning Space should not be limited only to classroom. It is important to consider all types of spaces (inside and outside the classroom). Create new forms of socialization, new learning styles and new lifestyles. Culture changes in education require teachers, students and community to realize that learning should not be limited CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT to the school and even less to a limited period of time. Technology it’s an important point in the creation of Learning Environments, but by itself it does not bring significant changes. Changes in design comfort and Decoration and Cultural Change must be part of a Space Learning. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264
  13. 13. HEADLINE 1 Introduction. 2 Data and Research Methods. 3 Results and Discussion. 4 Conclusion. 2 We conclude that : Planning new spaces, changes in design, furniture, decoration and comfort; cultural change, technology-rich areas in Organization Learning Environments are the most relevant factors in the construction and organization of learning spaces as the main categories obtained from the current investigation. New areas, such as the collaborative learning spaces, should be considered in the organization. The changes in furniture design, comfort and decoration, how the materials are arranged and CAPABILITY COLLABORATIO IMPACT organized, seem to influence the teaching and learning processes. They are a fundamental part of higher context where human beings can enhance their learning activities. The cultural change, social spaces and informal learning environments, seem to be a key role to have a good psychological environment and motivate the participation in school activities. To create high-technology learning, technology-rich spaces, the use of Virtual as an available tool to teaching and learning and its necessary integration with the physical, seem to be essential. On Learning Spaces in Higher Education SPACE AS AN AGENT OF CHANGE InSITE Conference : Paper 264

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