Chcpol501 a session five 250311


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Chcpol501 a session five 250311

  1. 3. <ul><li>Using systematic reviews and other documents supporting an ebp can assist you to decide what intervention best suits your client </li></ul><ul><li>You need to consider what you are actually looking for in order to obtain the most relevant information </li></ul><ul><li>Developing a PICO question will help determine this </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>How would you describe a group of patients/clients similar to yours? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the most important characteristics of the patient/client? This may include the primary problem, disease, or co-existing conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the sex, age, or ethnicity of a patient might be relevant to the diagnosis or treatment. </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Which main intervention, treatment, or exposure are you considering? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you want to do for the client? Withdrawal? Relapse prevention? Treat anxiety? Improve social skills? </li></ul><ul><li>What factor may influence the prognosis of the patient? Age? Co-existing problems? </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>What is the main alternative to compare with the intervention? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you trying to decide between two different treatments? </li></ul><ul><li>Your question may not always have a specific comparison. </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>What can you hope to accomplish, measure, improve or affect? </li></ul><ul><li>What are you trying to do for the client? Improve coping skills? Relieve or eliminate symptoms? Reduce the number of adverse events? Improve function? </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>US Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration developed 50 practice guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Widely regarded as best-practice guidelines for the treatment of substance abuse and are based on the experience and knowledge of clinical, research, and administrative experts in Substance Abuse Treatment. </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>Six Guiding Principles in Treating Clients with COD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employ a recovery perspective. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopt a multi-problem viewpoint. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a phased approach to treatment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Address specific real-life problems early in treatment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan for the client's cognitive and functional impairments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use support systems to maintain and extend treatment effectiveness. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 13. <ul><li>Provides detailed systematic reviews for most areas of health care </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic reviews offer a summary and appraisal of past studies (usually RTCs) on a particular topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Defines the questions which the review aims to answer and what studies have been included </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Cochrane Reviews are intended to help providers, practitioners and patients make informed decisions about health care, and are the most comprehensive, reliable and relevant source of evidence on which to base these decisions. </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>There are over 4,000 Cochrane Reviews currently available in The Cochrane Library. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of newly completed Cochrane Reviews and protocols are added to The Cochrane Library every year. In addition, existing Cochrane Reviews are updated regularly as new information becomes available. This is particularly important in the rapidly changing healthcare environment. </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>Implementing a supported employment program </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Identify who will be affected by the EBP </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage participation from at least one representative from each group to be part of an advisory committee </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for advice – advisory committee and community members, consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Build an action plan </li></ul><ul><li>Get advisory committee involved in ongoing evaluation </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current organisational policies and procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training needs of staff and management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify champions in the organisation to undergo intensive training and they will then support others </li></ul></ul>