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Ideology
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a
double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, ...
“Entertainment, always functions as part of culture…as part of
an array of cultures, subcultures and counter cultures.”
ww...
“Entertainment, always functions as part of culture…as part of
an array of cultures, subcultures and counter cultures.”
ww...
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
The Little Mermaid
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
-inf...
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
-inf...
Pretty Woman
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
-inf...
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
-inf...
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
-inf...
Degrees of ideological explicitness:
Neutral:
- no overt ideological statements
- emphasis on entertainment
Implicit:
-inf...
A Nazi Propaganda film
Ideology is another language in a film
How do characters speak through ideological subtext?
What attracts the audience’s sympathy?
Favorable traits include:
What attracts the audience’s sympathy?
Favorable traits include:
Idealism
What attracts the audience’s sympathy?
Favorable traits include:
Idealism
courage
What attracts the audience’s sympathy?
Favorable traits include:
Idealism
courage
generosity
What attracts the audience’s sympathy?
Favorable traits include:
Idealism
courage
generosity
loyalty
What attracts the audience’s sympathy?
Favorable traits include:
Idealism
courage
generosity
loyalty
kindness
Good looks and sex appeal
are favorable traits
Characters with charm, charisma, and humor
appeal to audiences
Characters with charm, charisma, and humor
appeal to audiences
Even in characters that display less than
idealistic behavi...
The audience can have sympathy for the villain,
anti-hero and femme fatale even if they dislike
their actions
Joe Gillis in Sunset Boulevard
IF…
IF…
They have at least a few favorable characteristics
Negative traits, such as, selfishness, cruelty,
cowardice, dishonesty are often present in the
antagonist and or villain
Negative traits, such as, selfishness, cruelty,
cowardice, dishonesty are often present in the
antagonist and or villain
U...
WHO
IS
THE
VILLAIN?
Disenfranchisement and changing ideologies
Ideology and Representation
How does cinema represent ideology?
Ideology and Representation
How does cinema represent ideology?
Why are some groups favored over others?
Ideology and Representation
How does cinema represent ideology?
Why are some groups favored over others?
How is this refle...
How have ideologies changed?
How have ideologies changed?
How is this reflected in film roles and genres?
How have representations gender
How have ideologies changed?
How is this reflected in film roles and genres?
How have representations gender, race,
How have ideologies changed?
How is this reflected in film roles and genres?
How have representations gender, race, ethnic...
How have ideologies changed?
How is this reflected in film roles and genres?
How have representations gender, race, ethnic...
African American Representation in Cinema
African American Representation in Cinema
1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
African American Representation in Cinema
1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
African American Representation in Cinema
1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
Sidney Poitier:
African American Representation in Cinema
1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
Sidney Poitier:
- ...
African American Representation in Cinema
1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
Sidney Poitier:
- ...
Feminism
Feminism
- began in late 1960s
Feminism
- began in late 1960s
- brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen
Feminism
- began in late 1960s
- brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen
- women had shorter acting...
Feminism
- began in late 1960s
- brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen
- women had shorter acting...
Feminism
- began in late 1960s
- brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen
- women had shorter acting...
Feminism
- began in late 1960s
- brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen
- women had shorter acting...
Women photographed as
objects
Camera takes the point of
view of a male
Homosexuality
Homosexuality
- early representations were negative
Homosexuality
- early representations were negative
- homosexual content often communicated through subtext
or stereotype
Homosexuality
- early representations were negative and avoided if possible
- homosexual content often communicated throug...
Do representations films reflect society
Do representations society reflect film?
Do representations films reflect society
Do representations society reflect film?
Do representations films reflect society
Do representations society reflect film?
Do representations films reflect society
Do representations society reflect film?
Documentary
NON-FICTION FILM
NON-FICTION FILM
- Early Lumiére films basic documentary
NON-FICTION FILM
- Early Lumiére films basic documentary
- Recordings of actual events
NON-FICTION FILM
- Early Lumiére films basic documentary
- Recordings of actual events
- No actors, no screenplay
NON-FICTION FILM
- Early Lumiére films basic documentary
- Recordings of actual events
- No actors, no screenplay
-However...
MODERN DOCUMENTARIES
- Deal with real people
MODERN DOCUMENTARIES
- Deal with real people
- Places and events
MODERN DOCUMENTARIES
- Deal with real people
- Places and events
- No actors, no screenplay
MODERN DOCUMENTARIES
- Deal with real people
- Places and events
- No actors, no screenplay
-Documentarians like fiction f...
Ideology/Documentary
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Ideology/Documentary

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Ideology/Documentary

  1. 1. Ideology
  2. 2. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428).
  3. 3. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology:
  4. 4. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world
  5. 5. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world Virtually everything is is ideological
  6. 6. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world Virtually everything is is ideological, our attitudes about,
  7. 7. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world Virtually everything is is ideological, our attitudes about, Sex, work,
  8. 8. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world Virtually everything is is ideological, our attitudes about, Sex, work, power sharing, authority,
  9. 9. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world Virtually everything is is ideological, our attitudes about, Sex, work, power sharing, authority, family and religion
  10. 10. Since ancient times, critics have discussed art as having a double function: to teach and to provide pleasure (Giannetti, 428). Ideology: Beliefs, values, ideas that shape the way we think, act, understand the world Virtually everything is is ideological, our attitudes about, Sex, work, power sharing, authority, family and religion All of these interactions involve ideological assumptions within culture
  11. 11. “Entertainment, always functions as part of culture…as part of an array of cultures, subcultures and counter cultures.” www.uwec.edu.com
  12. 12. “Entertainment, always functions as part of culture…as part of an array of cultures, subcultures and counter cultures.” www.uwec.edu.com All films have ideological content in varying degrees
  13. 13. Degrees of ideological explicitness:
  14. 14. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral:
  15. 15. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements
  16. 16. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment
  17. 17. The Little Mermaid
  18. 18. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit:
  19. 19. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit: -inferred statement of values
  20. 20. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit: -inferred statement of values -most fiction films fit here
  21. 21. Pretty Woman
  22. 22. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit: -inferred statement of values -most fiction films fit here Explicit:
  23. 23. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit: -inferred statement of values -most fiction films fit here Explicit:
  24. 24. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit: -inferred statement of values -most fiction films fit here Explicit: -aims to persuade the audience of a particular ideology
  25. 25. Degrees of ideological explicitness: Neutral: - no overt ideological statements - emphasis on entertainment Implicit: -inferred statement of values -most fiction films fit here Explicit: -aims to persuade the audience of a particular ideology -patriotic films, many documentaries and political films
  26. 26. A Nazi Propaganda film
  27. 27. Ideology is another language in a film How do characters speak through ideological subtext?
  28. 28. What attracts the audience’s sympathy? Favorable traits include:
  29. 29. What attracts the audience’s sympathy? Favorable traits include: Idealism
  30. 30. What attracts the audience’s sympathy? Favorable traits include: Idealism courage
  31. 31. What attracts the audience’s sympathy? Favorable traits include: Idealism courage generosity
  32. 32. What attracts the audience’s sympathy? Favorable traits include: Idealism courage generosity loyalty
  33. 33. What attracts the audience’s sympathy? Favorable traits include: Idealism courage generosity loyalty kindness
  34. 34. Good looks and sex appeal are favorable traits
  35. 35. Characters with charm, charisma, and humor appeal to audiences
  36. 36. Characters with charm, charisma, and humor appeal to audiences Even in characters that display less than idealistic behavior
  37. 37. The audience can have sympathy for the villain, anti-hero and femme fatale even if they dislike their actions
  38. 38. Joe Gillis in Sunset Boulevard
  39. 39. IF…
  40. 40. IF… They have at least a few favorable characteristics
  41. 41. Negative traits, such as, selfishness, cruelty, cowardice, dishonesty are often present in the antagonist and or villain
  42. 42. Negative traits, such as, selfishness, cruelty, cowardice, dishonesty are often present in the antagonist and or villain Unsympathetic characters are often made to look unattractive
  43. 43. WHO IS THE VILLAIN?
  44. 44. Disenfranchisement and changing ideologies
  45. 45. Ideology and Representation How does cinema represent ideology?
  46. 46. Ideology and Representation How does cinema represent ideology? Why are some groups favored over others?
  47. 47. Ideology and Representation How does cinema represent ideology? Why are some groups favored over others? How is this reflected in film roles and genres?
  48. 48. How have ideologies changed?
  49. 49. How have ideologies changed? How is this reflected in film roles and genres? How have representations gender
  50. 50. How have ideologies changed? How is this reflected in film roles and genres? How have representations gender, race,
  51. 51. How have ideologies changed? How is this reflected in film roles and genres? How have representations gender, race, ethnicity
  52. 52. How have ideologies changed? How is this reflected in film roles and genres? How have representations gender, race, ethnicity and sexual orientation changed?
  53. 53. African American Representation in Cinema
  54. 54. African American Representation in Cinema 1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
  55. 55. African American Representation in Cinema 1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans
  56. 56. African American Representation in Cinema 1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans Sidney Poitier:
  57. 57. African American Representation in Cinema 1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans Sidney Poitier: - 1963, 1st African American to win Acad. Award for best leading male (Lillies of the Field)
  58. 58. African American Representation in Cinema 1st 50 years of Hollywood - unflattering to African Americans Sidney Poitier: - 1963, 1st African American to win Acad. Award for best leading male (Lillies of the Field) - portrayal of blacks began to improve
  59. 59. Feminism
  60. 60. Feminism - began in late 1960s
  61. 61. Feminism - began in late 1960s - brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen
  62. 62. Feminism - began in late 1960s - brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen - women had shorter acting careers than men
  63. 63. Feminism - began in late 1960s - brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen - women had shorter acting careers than men - Film scholar Laura Mulvey
  64. 64. Feminism - began in late 1960s - brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen - women had shorter acting careers than men - Film scholar Laura Mulvey - “Male Gaze”
  65. 65. Feminism - began in late 1960s - brought attention to role of women in film – on and off screen - women had shorter acting careers than men - Film scholar Laura Mulvey - “Male Gaze” - point of view we often see in movies is a male point of view
  66. 66. Women photographed as objects Camera takes the point of view of a male
  67. 67. Homosexuality
  68. 68. Homosexuality - early representations were negative
  69. 69. Homosexuality - early representations were negative - homosexual content often communicated through subtext or stereotype
  70. 70. Homosexuality - early representations were negative and avoided if possible - homosexual content often communicated through subtext or stereotype - representations have become less one-dimensional, more authentic Philadelphia Boys Don’t Cry
  71. 71. Do representations films reflect society Do representations society reflect film?
  72. 72. Do representations films reflect society Do representations society reflect film?
  73. 73. Do representations films reflect society Do representations society reflect film?
  74. 74. Do representations films reflect society Do representations society reflect film?
  75. 75. Documentary
  76. 76. NON-FICTION FILM
  77. 77. NON-FICTION FILM - Early Lumiére films basic documentary
  78. 78. NON-FICTION FILM - Early Lumiére films basic documentary - Recordings of actual events
  79. 79. NON-FICTION FILM - Early Lumiére films basic documentary - Recordings of actual events - No actors, no screenplay
  80. 80. NON-FICTION FILM - Early Lumiére films basic documentary - Recordings of actual events - No actors, no screenplay -However, they lacked any type complex narrative
  81. 81. MODERN DOCUMENTARIES - Deal with real people
  82. 82. MODERN DOCUMENTARIES - Deal with real people - Places and events
  83. 83. MODERN DOCUMENTARIES - Deal with real people - Places and events - No actors, no screenplay
  84. 84. MODERN DOCUMENTARIES - Deal with real people - Places and events - No actors, no screenplay -Documentarians like fiction filmmakers superimpose a narrative structure over the footage Can a documentary tell the TRUTH?

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