Chapter 6 sections i and ii


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Chapter 6 sections i and ii

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Views of Earth
  2. 2. Landforms
  3. 3. Plains <ul><li>large, flat areas which often have thick, fertile soils and grassy meadows </li></ul>
  4. 4. Coastal Plains <ul><li>stretch along coastal areas and are often called lowlands </li></ul>
  5. 5. Interior Plains <ul><li>in the central part of a continent </li></ul><ul><li>GREAT PLAINS - USA </li></ul>
  6. 6. Plateaus <ul><li>flat, raised, areas of land made up of nearly horizontal rocks </li></ul><ul><li>their edge rises steeply from the area around them </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mountains <ul><li>tower above the surrounding land </li></ul>
  8. 8. Folded Mountains <ul><li>form when rock layers are squeezed from opposite sides, causing the rock layers to fold like a rug pushed up against the wall </li></ul>
  9. 9. Upwarped mountains <ul><li>forces inside the Earth push the crust up </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fault-Block Mountains <ul><li>form when tilted blocks of rock are separated by faults from the surrounding rock </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fault <ul><li>boundary where 2 BLOCKS OF BEDROCK MEET. FAULTS MAY SHOW ON THE SURFACE! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Volcanic Mountains <ul><li>layers of molten material pile up forming a cone-shape </li></ul>
  13. 13. REVIEW OF LANDFORM VOCABULARY <ul><li>PLAINS ( COSTAL AND INTERIOR) </li></ul><ul><li>PLATEAUS </li></ul><ul><li>MOUNTAINS ( FOLDED, UPWARPED, FAULT-BLOCK ) </li></ul><ul><li>FAULT </li></ul><ul><li>VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS </li></ul>
  14. 14. Section II - Viewpoints
  15. 15. <ul><li>Latitude and longitude lines identify exact locations on Earth by means of an imaginary grid system </li></ul>
  17. 17. Latitude <ul><li>lines run parallel to the equator </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Running from the North Pole through Grennwich Observatory near London, England, the prime meridian is the reference point for lines of longitude </li></ul><ul><li>distances in degrees east or west </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>East lines of longitude meet west lines of longitude at the 180 ° meridian, which is opposite the prime meridian </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>They also meet at the poles!!! </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Earth is divided into 24 time zones, each about 15 degrees of longitude wide and exactly one hour different from the zones on either side of it. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Calendar dates begin and end at midnight </li></ul><ul><li>the International Date Line is located near the 180 ° meridian </li></ul>