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Macbeth GCSE Lit 9 1-LL

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Macbeth GCSE Lit 9 1-LL

  1. 1. “Macbeth” GCSE ENGLISH LITERATURE COMPONENT 1
  2. 2. Practice Activity  How does Shakespeare present Macbeth’s reputation in Act I scene ii?
  3. 3. Theme: “Fair is Foul” “Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires!” (I, iv, 50-51) “look like the innocent flower But be the serpent under’t” (I, v, 64-65)
  4. 4. Learning Objective  To understand the concept of ‘hamartia’ and how it applies to Macbeth’s character.
  5. 5. Hamartia  The term hamartia is a Greek term which means “to miss the mark” or “to err” and is most often associated with Greek tragedy.  Hamartia, as it pertains to dramatic literature, was first used by Aristotle in his Poetics.  In tragedy, hamartia is commonly understood to refer to the protagonist’s error or flaw that leads to a chain of plot actions culminating in a reversal from their good fortune to bad.  What qualifies as the error or flaw can include an error resulting from ignorance, an error of judgement, a flaw in character, or sin.
  6. 6. Act I scene iv “(Aside) The Prince of Cumberland! – That is a step On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, For in my way it lies! Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires!” (I, iv, 48-51)
  7. 7. Activity “Yet do I fear thy nature. It is too full o’ the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way... ...wouldst not play false, And yet would wrongly win.” (I, v, 15-21)  How do Lady Macbeth’s words in this quotation add to the audience’s understanding of Macbeth’s character?
  8. 8. Activity Read Lady Macbeth’s Soliloquies (I, v, 14-29 & I, v, 37-53) 1. Which phrases in these soliloquies suggest that that she has decided that they have to kill Duncan? 2. In lines 37-53, find examples of language to do with darkness and night. 3. In what ways are they involving the natural world in their plots?
  9. 9. Macbeth’s Soliloquy Act I, scene vii, lines 1-27 Macbeth’s reasons for not killing Duncan Macbeth’s reasons for killing Duncan
  10. 10.  What does this soliloquy reveal about Macbeth’s attitude to killing Duncan? Macbeth’s Soliloquy Act I, scene vii, lines 1-27
  11. 11. Lady Macbeth’s Soliloquy Act III, scene ii, lines 4-7 “Nought’s had, all’s spent, Where our desire is got without content. ‘Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.”
  12. 12. Macbeth: Act III, scene ii, line 36 “O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!”
  13. 13. Macbeth: Act III, scene ii, lines 45-47 “Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, Till thou applaud the deed. Come, seeling Night, Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day, ...”
  14. 14. Act III, scene iv, lines 23-24 Macbeth’s reaction to Fleance’s escape: “...But now I am cabined, cribbed, confined, bound in To saucy doubts and fears.”
  15. 15. Act III, scene iv, lines 130-131 Macbeth’s paranoia: “There’s not a one of them, but in his house I keep a servant fee’d.”
  16. 16. Act III, scene iv, lines 136-138 The extent of Macbeth’s guilt... “I am in blood Stepped in so far, that, should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o’er.”

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