David is a masterpiece of Renaissancesculpture created between 1501 and 1504, by the Italian artist Michelangelo. It is a 5.17 metre (17 foot)marble statue of a standing male nude. The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favoured subject in the art of Florence. Originally commissioned as one of a series of statues of prophets to be positioned along the roofline of the east end of Florence Cathedral, the statue was instead placed in a public square, outside the Palazzo dellaSignoria, the seat of civic government in Florence. The statue was moved to the Accademia Gallery in Florence in 1873, and later replaced at the original location by a replica.
This is the Accademia in Florance. The actual name is The Accademiadi Belle Arti which means “academy of Fine Arts”. It is now considered the operative branch of the still existing AccadeiadelleArti del Disegno which means “Academy of the Arts of Drawing.” The Academy of Drawing was the first of its kind in Europe.The two academies were considered a “company” in Italy which every working artist in Tuscany was told to join because of its pretisege. The Accademia has housed the original David by Michelangelo since 1873. It was said that the sculpture was brought to the Accademia for conservation reasons. The original intention was to create a “Michelangelo museum” with original sculptures and drawings.
Michelangelo was an Italian Renaissancepainter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer. His versitilty between trades got him the title of a typical Renaissance man, along with fellow Italian Leonardo da Vinci.Two of his best-known works of arts were the Pietà and David, which were sculpted before he turned thirty.Michelangelo at age 26, was given the official contract to undertake this challenging new task. He began carving the statue early in the morning a month after he was awarded the contract. He would work on the massive biblical hero for more than two years.
The Pietà (1498–1499) is a masterpiece of Renaissancesculpture by MichelangeloBuonarroti, housed in St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. It is the first of a number of works of the same theme by the artist. The statue was made for the cardinal's funeral monument, but was moved to its current location, the first chapel on the right as one enters the basilica, in the 18th century. It is the only piece Michelangelo ever signed. This famous work of art depicts the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion. The marks of the Crucifixion are limited to very small nail marks and an indication of the wound in Jesus' side.
Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco,which means several related mural painting; that are usually found on plaster on walls or ceilings. The first fresco were the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. This was particularly one of my favorites. You can tell that it just consumes the building and demands your attention. It was painted by Michelangelo between 1508 to 1512.
The second most infamous fresco painting that Michealangelo did is “The Last Judgement” which is located behing the altar of the Sistine Chapel. The work is massive and spans the entire wall behind the altar .It is a depiction of the second coming of Christ and the apocalypse. The souls of humans rise and descend to their fates, as judged by Christ surrounded by his saints.I know this isn’t apart of my assignment but it’s a funny story. This painting apparently caused an uproar between Michaelengelo and the Pope and some of his cardinals. Michalengelo was accused of immorality and intolerable obscenity, having depicted naked figures, with genitals in evidence, inside the most important church of Christianity, so a censorship campaign (known as the "Fig-Leaf Campaign“). The pope’s “master of cermonies” Cesna, was one of the people to speak out on this painting and in return Michealengelo put his face into the scene as Minos, who is judge of the underworld (far bottom-right corner of the painting) with Donkey ears (i.e. indicating foolishness), while his nudity is covered by a coiled snake. It is said that when Cesena complained to the Pope, the pontiff joked that his jurisdiction did not extend to hell, so the portrait would have to remain.
In 1546, Michelangelo was appointed architect of St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican, and designed its dome. As St. Peter's was progressing there was concern that Michelangelo would pass away before the dome was finished. However, once building commenced on the lower part of the dome, the supporting ring, the completion of the design was inevitable. On 7 December 2007, Michelangelo's red chalk sketch for the dome of St Peter's Basilica, his last before his death in 1564, was discovered in the Vatican archives. It is extremely rare, since he destroyed his designs later in life. The sketch is a partial plan for one of the radial columns of the cupola drum of Saint Peter's
Like I said before Michealenglo was deemed a true Reinassance Man. He was a painter, sculptur, artist, and architect. This drawing is named “The Libyan Sybil”, which can be found at the Metropolitan Musuem of Art in New York. Through all of his works of artist – you can see that he was a man of some mystery. It is believed that one of the mysteries revolving around Michelenglo was his sexuality. Michelangelo's art is his love of male beauty which seems to have particularly attracted him both aesthetically and emotionally. The sculptor's expressions of love have been characterized as both Neoplatonic and openly homoerotic; recent scholarship seeks an interpretation which respects both readings, yet is wary of drawing absolute conclusions
This is a drawing of “The Libyan Sybil” which can be foundamoung the murals in the Sistine Chapel.
This is a drawing of “A Ignudo” which is also found in Sistine Chapel. All of these drawings show Michealangleo’s love of the male form. Although, it is very much speculated that he had romantic relationship with another male I actually found that he was once in a realtionship with a woman. Late in life he nurtured a great love for the poet and noble widow Vittoria Colonna, whom he met in Rome in 1536 or 1538 and who was in her late forties at the time. They wrote sonnets for each other and were in regular contact until she died.It is impossible to know for certain whether Michelangelo had physical relationships but through his poetry and visual art we may at least glimpse the arc of his imagination.
Because of the nature of the hero that it represented, it soon came to symbolize the defense of civil liberties embodied in the Florentine Republic, The eyes of David, with a warning glare, were turned towards Rome.David differs from previous representations of the subject in that the Biblical hero is not depicted with the head of the slain Goliath, as he is in Donatello's and Verrocchio's statues. For most scholars David is depicted before his battle with Goliath. Instead of appearing victorious over a foe much larger than he, David's face looks tense and ready for combat. The tendons in his neck stand out tautly; his his brow is furrowed; and his eyes seem to focus intently on something in the distance. Veins bulge out of his lowered right hand, but his body is in a relaxed pose, and he carries his slingshot casually thrown over his left shoulder.
The proportions of the David are typical of Michelangelo's work; the figure has an unusually large head and hands (particularly apparent in the right hand). These enlargements may be due to the fact that the statue was originally intended to be placed on the cathedral roofline, where the important parts of the sculpture would necessarily be accentuated in order to be visible from below.The contrast between his intense expression and his calm pose perhaps suggests that David is represented after he has made the decision to fight Goliath but before the battle has actually taken place. It is a representation of the moment between conscious choice and conscious action
The history of the statue actually precedes Michelangelo work on it from 1501- 1504. At a place called the Operai, which consisted most of memebers in the influential woolen cloth guilds. They had the idea to build a series of 12 large Old Testament sculptures.The first of those statues was a figure of Joshua, which was sculted by Donatello out of terracotta. He also made a terrecota of Hercules. After these two were made the Operai commissioned an artist named AgostinodiDuccio to sculpt David. A block of marble was provided, from a quarry in Carrara, a town in the Apuan Alps in northern Tuscany. Agostino only got as far as beginning to shape the legs, feet and the torso, roughing out some drapery and probably gouging a hole between the legs. His association with the project ceased, for reasons unknown, with the death of Donatello in 1466, and ten years later Antonio Rossellino was commissioned to take up where Agostino had left off.
In 1991, a deranged man attacked the statue with a hammer he had concealed beneath his jacket, in the process breaking the second toe on the left foot. Museum patrons struggled to subdue him until police arrived. The man was an unemployed Italian by the name of PieroCannata and he claimed that, "It was Veronese's beautiful Nani who asked me to hit the David,“ apparently referring to a Venetian model for the painter. The attacker was charged with damage to Italy's cultural patrimony.
The statue of David has been replicated many times. The statue has been reproduced many times. The plaster cast of David at the Victoria and Albert Museum has a detachable plaster fig leaf which is displayed nearby. It was created in response to Queen Victoria's shock upon first viewing the statue's nudity, and was hung on the figure prior to royal visits, using two strategically placed hooks.[
Other Replicas in: Buffalo New YorkCast Courts in London (fig leaf for important visits)Philadelphia Museum of ArtsThere is a full scale replica of David on the campus of California State University, Fullerton that lays broken in pieces on the ground. It was brought to campus by a professor in 1988 after it was damaged in the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake. Visitors often touch the remains of the sculpture for tactile study or, in a new student tradition, the dislocated but upturned buttocks for general good luck.
Antwerp, Belgium (MiddleheimMuseuem)Univeristy of Pune in IndiaLangelinie PromenadeAlso in southern California, a resident of the Hancock Parkneighbourhood in Los Angeles has decorated his house and grounds with twenty-three reduced scale replicas of the statue
This is another replica found in an art gallery in Volterra, Italy. “After viewers through the windows of our gallery complained to our landlord about the nudity, we decided to outfit David with some jockey shorts. Sorry! But you've got to have a sense of humor to make it in this crazy world of art”
Ok back to the Real David Statue – which by the way in this picture you can see the massiveness of it in comparison to the two people working on it.The incident that happened in 1991 with the man who used a hammer to crack one of the toes actually helped the museum restoration experts to use the broken chips of marble to narrow down what type of marble it was and exactly what quarry it came from. The marble in question contains many microscopic holes that cause it to deteriorate faster than other marbles. Because of the marble's degradation, from 2003 to 2004 the statue was given its first major cleaning since 1843. Some experts opposed the use of water to clean the statue, fearing further deterioration. In 2004, the statue of David was said to be at risk for collapsing. Cracks that had been repaired in 2004 had suddenly reappeared, alarming restoration experts.In 2008, plans were proposed to insulate the statue from the vibration of tourists' footsteps at Florence's Galleria dell'Accademia, to prevent damage to the marbleMichelangelo's masterpiece was under 'round the clock observation', and seismic monitors would be inserted under the statue's base to measure the vibrations.'We have got to do something quickly,' he said.
Michelangelo died in Rome at the age of 88 (three weeks before his 89th birthday). His body was brought back from Rome for interment at the Basilica of Santa Croce, fulfilling the maestro's last request to be buried in his beloved Tuscany.