Chapter 6 Language And Perception

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  • Chapter 6 Language And Perception

    1. 1. Chapter 6 Language & Perception
    2. 2. Language: <ul><li>~A rule-governed system of verbal and nonverbal symbols used by members of a speech community to create meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>*Phonetic Rules </li></ul><ul><li>*Semantic Rules </li></ul><ul><li>*Syntactic Rules </li></ul>
    3. 3. Speech Communities
    4. 4. Phonetic Rules: The Sounds of Language <ul><li>Phonemes ~ the sounds that make up a language. </li></ul><ul><li>Articulation ~ the production of the distinctive sounds of a language. </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation ~ how we actually make sounds and say words as we speak. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialects </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Semantic Rules: Words and Meanings <ul><li>Denotative Meaning : the specific meaning of a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Features : mental categories of word meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>Connotative Meanings : the emotional level of the meaning of the word. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Semantic Rules: Words and Meanings <ul><li>Metaphor : used to make a comparison between two things </li></ul><ul><li>Slang : specialized expressions that are unique to a group. </li></ul><ul><li>Jargon : a set of expressions that are understood by members of a certain group. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Perceptual Set <ul><li>~ a previously determined view of an object or an event based on past experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotype: a way of grouping a whole set of people or events and then generalizing about the group as a whole. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Personal Construct Theory <ul><li>~ A means of assigning meaning to a situation by perceiving how it is similar to a previous situation. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Understanding Perceptual Differences <ul><li>Understand Physical & Physiological Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological States Also Affect Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Cultural Background Influence Perception </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>~The average person speaks 125-150 words per minute~ </li></ul>

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