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Apa formatting (Overview and basic formatting)

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Apa formatting (Overview and basic formatting)

  1. 1. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  Expectations  Basic Formatting  Title Page  Body  Reference List APA Formatting Reference American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
  2. 2. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Paper  8 ½ x 11 inch paper  1 inch margins
  3. 3. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Font  Times New Roman  12 pt font  Black font Note: Be cautious of the running head and page number! 1. 2 3
  4. 4. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Paragraphs  Indented 1/2 an inch (p. 229)  Double spaced (p. 229)  Minimum 3 sentences  Avoid overly long paragraphs (p. 68)
  5. 5. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. File Format  Rich Text Format  Microsoft Word
  6. 6. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Title (p.23) Avoid abbreviations No more than 12 words Your Name Institutional Affiliation Other: Course Code, Instructor, Due Date Abbreviated Title (p.229)
  7. 7. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. No “Running head” The first page of your essay is page 2
  8. 8. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Titles must match. The title should be centered at the top of the page. It should not be bolded. The title is not considered a heading.
  9. 9. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Introduction  No heading (p. 27)  Articulate the issue  Hook the reader  Significance  Relevance  No first person  No “purpose of this paper”
  10. 10. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Citations(pp. 174 to 179) Narrative Authour surname and date of publication In parentheses
  11. 11. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Citations (p. 177)  One or Two authors – always include surnames and date  Three to five authors, only include all author surnames in the first citation  Subsequent citations will include only the first author's surname followed by "et al."  Six or more authors only cite the first author's surname, followed by "et al.", even the first time the source is used within the paper. "et al." means and others.
  12. 12. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. If more than one source is being cited, separate them with a semicolon and list them in the order they appear in the reference list.
  13. 13. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. & vs. “and”  When citing in parentheses use …  When citing in the narrative use …
  14. 14. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Abbreviations (pp. 106 to 111)  Write them out the first time they appear in a paper  Must be recognizable  Use judiciously Abbreviations that are listed as words in the dictionary do not need to be written out.
  15. 15. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  Paraphrasing is preferred  Include quotation marks and a page number  Must be incorporated into one of your own sentences  Recall that “if the quotation comprises 40 or more words, display it in a freestanding block of text and omit the quotation marks” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 171) Quotations (pp. 169 to 174)
  16. 16. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  In general, use numerals for numbers 10 and over; use words for numbers bellow 10.  There are several exceptions to this rule Numbers(pp. 111 - 114)
  17. 17. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  Use only what is required  Facilitates organization  Do not use one for the introduction  Do not use numbers or letters Headings(pp. 62 - 63)
  18. 18. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
  19. 19. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. References  New page  Page break  Pages 180 to 224 of the APA manual for more information and examples
  20. 20. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. References  Double spaced  Hanging indents  Keep authors in the order listed  Be careful if using software  Helps readers find the source
  21. 21. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Authour, A. A., & Authour, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Name of the Journal, Volume(Issue), page range. doi: orbuvaehrnbv Authour, A. A., & Authour, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Name of the Journal, Volume(Issue), page range. Retrieved from http://orbuvaehrnbv Journal Article (Periodicals pp. 198 – 200)
  22. 22. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Authour, A. A., & Authour, B. B. (year). Title of the book. Location: Publisher. Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In B. B. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pp. xxx–xxx). Location: Publisher. Book (pp. 202 – 205)
  23. 23. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from http://orbuvaehrnbv *Links can be left live Website
  24. 24. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Online Authour, A. (2018, January 20). Title of the news post. Newspaper Name. Retrieved from www.website.com Print Authour, A. (2018, January 20). Title of the news post. Newspaper Name, pp. A7, A10. Newspaper Article (p. 200)
  25. 25. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Killam, L. A. (2018, January 28). APA formatting [PowerPoint presentation]. Retrieved from http://apa.nursekillam.com/ How to Cite This PowerPoint

Editor's Notes

  • https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLs4oKIDq23AcmyDG-dKl2vIzKK3Oe10pJ

    Why does APA matter?

    Discuss expectations
  • p. 228
  • Work on limiting the size of your paragraphs to about ½ to ¾ of a page even though technically you can have up to one page (APA, p. 68). Shorter paragraphs makes it easier for the reader to follow. Find logical sections to break paragraphs. This approach helps the reader follow your logic and results in a clearer essay.
  • Ensure the teacher can read your paper. Sometimes converting file format changes the formatting of the essay (like the placement of page numbers). Normally this issue happens when changing from Mac to PC. Find out what file format your teacher uses. I mark in Microsoft word so I recommend rich text format, particularly for non-word users. I also recommend using a computer at the library with word installed to check that formatting displays properly.
  • p. 229 and 230

    The “Other” information should be placed where your teacher requests it
  • Format the page header
  • Individual instructors often have preferences about what is needed in an introduction. Page 27 and 28 in the APA book discuss some recommendations for the content of an introduction, which may or may not apply to each paper you write. In the APA book the introduction is longer than the introduction for an essay as the book is discussing manuscripts. Typically in the first paragraph of any essay you need to have a good introduction. Common across expectations of educators and the APA book is the need to clearly identify the topic, and demonstrate the significance and relevance of your issue/topic for the reader.
  • Two main types of citations
  • Be careful not to over-cite
  • APA: Use “and” not & in the narrative
    APA: Use & not “and” in parenthetical citations
  • They need to be spelled out the first time they are used in a paper (p. 107) unless they are listed as a word in the dictionary.  
    They need to be easily recognizable to the reader (p. 107)
    Do not abbreviate if you do not keep using the abbreviation multiple times (p. 107).  
    Once you abbreviate you need to keep using the abbreviation whenever the word occurs in the paper  (p. 107).
    Do not abbreviate in the reference list.
    Do not start a sentence with a lowercase abbreviation or symbol that stands alone (p. 111).
    Avoid the overuse of abbreviations
  • As seen in the example on p. 45, level 3 headings are not on their own line. Here is an example from the APA Style blog http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/04/how-to-use-five-levels-of-heading-in-an-apa-style-paper.html
  • There are many types. Using a page break will ensure your reference list always starts at the top of a new page.
  • Hanging indents allow automatic alphabetizing

    The order is the order of contribution

    Software often makes mistakes
  • Please excuse the spacing and lack of a hanging indent – Demo this inside word.
  • Please excuse the spacing and lack of a hanging indent – Demo this inside word.

    http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/02/books-and-book-chapters-what-to-cite.html

    Cite the book if the author wrote the entire book.
  • Please excuse the spacing and lack of a hanging indent – Demo this inside word.

    More about websites: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/website/

    p. 214 – 215

    http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/10/what-a-tangled-web-website-versus-webpage.html
  • Please excuse the spacing and lack of a hanging indent – Demo this inside word.
  • Sorry, the hanging indent is not working.
  • ×