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Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 1 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 2 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 3 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 4 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 5 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 6 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 7 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 8 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 9 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 10 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 11 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 12 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 13 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 14 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 15 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 16 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 17 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 18 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 19 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 20 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 21 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 22 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 23 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 24 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 25 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 26 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 27 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 28 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 29 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 30 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 31 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 32 Humans over Hardware:  Posturing SOF for the Future Slide 33
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The future holds exponential change, increased asymmetric capabilities and complex convergences of technology, ethics and political conflict. Acting decisively through this noise will mean revisiting how the SOF Enterprise attracts, retains and utilizes human capital. This presentation hopes to stretch the audience’s thinking about how USSOCOM can creatively leverage talent in the context of increased connectivity, demographic changes, new understandings of sovereignty and dynamic threats.

Delivered by Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos at SOFWERX as part of the USSOCOM J5 Disruptive Talk Series

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Humans over Hardware: Posturing SOF for the Future

  1. 1. Humans over Hardware: Posturing SOF for the Future Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos J5, USSOCOM Disruptive Talk Series Sofwerx, March 3rd, 2019
  2. 2. “Our focus is not to become a slightly better version of ourselves today… …but become something completely different tomorrow for which our adversaries are unprepared.”
  3. 3. • Direct Actions • Special Reconnaissance • Unconventional Warfare • Foreign Internal Defense • Civil Affairs Operations • Counterterrorism • Military Information Support Operations / PSYOP • Counter-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction • Security Force Assistance • Counterinsurgency • Hostage Rescue and Recovery • Foreign Humanitarian Assistance Special Operations Core Activities:
  4. 4. • Operational Horizon • Talent Needed • New Technology = New Modus Operandi Posturing the SOF Enterprise for the Future • Mindset is the Catalyst for Change
  5. 5. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic Factors Durable Disorder Operational Horizon
  6. 6. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic Factors Durable Disorder Operational Horizon
  7. 7. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic Factors Operational Horizon Digital Terrain - Direct Action - PSYOPS - Civil Affairs Virtual Durable Disorder
  8. 8. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic Factors Operational Horizon Surveillance State COTS ISR Durable Disorder
  9. 9. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic Factors Operational Horizon Satellite Internet Technology Durable Disorder
  10. 10. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Operational Horizon Climactic Factors "AI is the new electricity. Everything that has been electrified, will be cognified.” -Andrew Ng Durable Disorder
  11. 11. Climactic Factors Operational Horizon 4th Industrial Revolution New Spaces "The Arctic is the new frontline of our homeland defense" - Gen. Terrence O’Shaughnessy Commander USNORTHCOM Speaking at the Senate Armed Services Committee on February 14, 2020 Durable Disorder
  12. 12. Climactic Factors Operational Horizon 4th Industrial Revolution New Spaces • Hydration Challenges in Contested Environment • Lack of adequate preparation and coherence in doctrine, training, and capabilities development to support effective Arctic operations. • Lack of Climate Change-Oriented Campaign Planning and Preparation • Foreign Humanitarian Assistance • Civil Affairs Operations • Security Force Assistance • Unconventional Warfare • Direct Action Durable Disorder SOF ACTIVITIES
  13. 13. Resource Scarcity Climactic Factors Operational Horizon 4th Industrial Revolution New Spaces Durable Disorder • Food Security • Water security • Mass migration • Illness
  14. 14. Durable Disorder Operational Horizon 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic FactorsNew Spaces Characteristics • Rules based order in decline • Conflict below threshold of war • Proxies and surrogates • Super empowered actors • Loss of trust in government institutions • Economic interdependence – cost of war too high
  15. 15. Durable Disorder Operational Horizon 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic FactorsNew Spaces 4 key drivers that will change the character of warfare 1. Blur between peace time and war time. 2. Terrorists and other groups will be capable of greater destruction. 3. Warfare will shift to more stand-off and remote operations. 4. Technology and the evolving strategies of regional states will lend themselves in a proliferation of WMDs and new applications.
  16. 16. New Spaces 4th Industrial Revolution Climactic Factors Durable Disorder Operational Horizon Pandemic Threats
  17. 17. This is an operating environment that requires moonshots SOF Moonshots to: • Make operators invisible • Boost cognitive learning by 100% • Allow operators to communicate with each other with their thoughts • Halt and reverse operators from aging …… among other things…..
  18. 18. SOF TRUTH Most special operations require non-SOF assistance
  19. 19. What kind of talent is needed? • Nanotechnology (batteries, etc) • Biotechnology • Robotics (unmanned X) • Cyber, EM • Artificial intelligence • Additive manufacturing • Neurotechnology
  20. 20. Where is the talent?
  21. 21. What that means for the Labor Market: - Competitive market for young talent - Growing percentage of competent older talent retiring Demographics
  22. 22. • Job change and Professional ‘freedom of maneuver’ • Gig economy Great Talent Competition • Dual-use Technologies
  23. 23. Admiral Michael Rogers FMR Commander USCYBERCOM and NSA Director Proposed industry sabbaticals to bring fresh ideas in
  24. 24. SOF TRUTH Quality is better than quantity What if you could have both?
  25. 25. COMMAND TALENT Primes, subs and big contracting defense DISRUPTIVE IDEA: Rapid Talent Resourcing in a Modular Distributed way World is faster, networked, modular and distributed – acquiring talent, knowledge and know-how should be the same RECRUITMENT
  26. 26. New Technology = New Modus Operandi New paradigms for work
  27. 27. Spatial Computing & Co-Presence
  28. 28. Full Body Surrogacy for Collaborative Communication With robotic hands and VR
  29. 29. Hyper-Enabled SME Support Ethical and legal considerations SOF Activities • Foreign Humanitarian Assistance • Unconventional Warfare • Special Reconnaissance
  30. 30. Talent at Home: An opportunity for spouses to be part of the fight Use case:• Training that endures across duty stations. • Multi-use skills • Sensitive data labeling for AI • Graphic design for 3D printing
  31. 31. • Abundance Mindset • Technological Situational Awareness • Clarity in Vision Mindset is the Catalyst for Change
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention! Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Strategy & Innovation Advisor J5, USSOCOM @LKCYBER

The future holds exponential change, increased asymmetric capabilities and complex convergences of technology, ethics and political conflict. Acting decisively through this noise will mean revisiting how the SOF Enterprise attracts, retains and utilizes human capital. This presentation hopes to stretch the audience’s thinking about how USSOCOM can creatively leverage talent in the context of increased connectivity, demographic changes, new understandings of sovereignty and dynamic threats. Delivered by Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos at SOFWERX as part of the USSOCOM J5 Disruptive Talk Series

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