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Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change

This presentation goes over the current cyber state of affairs, explores the changing character of war, and emerging technologies. It discusses the key skills necessary for cyber leaders to meet contemporary challenges in cyberspace, as well as strategic considerations relating to policy, cognition, the ecosystem of innovation and talent management. It concludes by offering teaching pedagogy recommendations.

It was presented at the 2018 CYDEF, Cyber Military Defense Workshop taking place in Tokyo, Japan.

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Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change

  1. 1. Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change Website: Lkcyber.com Website: sapien21.com Twitter: @LKCYBER Linkedin: linkedin.com/in/lydiak CYDEF Workshop April 4-5, 2018 Tokyo, Japan Lydia Kostopoulos, PhD
  2. 2. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com Changing character of war & emerging technologies. Meeting contemporary defense challenges with defense leadership guidance. Talent management, the ecosystem of innovation, & the cognitive strategic element. Bloom’s taxonomy, experiential learning, gaming & the importance of creativity. State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy
  3. 3. Changing character of war & emerging technologies. PHYSICAL DOMAIN COGNITIVE*TEMPORAL* Geography/Terrain Infrastructure Weapons Land, Air, Sea, Space, Cyber, EW, Information Continuous Increased Speed of Decision Intent, Perception, Self-Awareness, Understanding of Adversary “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy
  4. 4. Changing character of war & emerging technologies. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy “As the pace of change increases, the tension escalates between the need to prepare for future operations and the difficulty of anticipating operational environments.” General (ret) David Perkins, Former U.S. Army Commander TRADOC
  5. 5. Changing character of war & emerging technologies. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy Disruptive technologies on the edge: • Quantum computing • Directed energy • Brain Computer Interface (BCI) • Bio Hacking 3D PrintingMobile Tech Nanotechnology DNA Editing Robotics Virtual Reality Augmented Reality Artificial Intelligence Internet of Things Brain Computer Interface Bio Hacking
  6. 6. Changing character of war & emerging technologies. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy Source: Functional View of Converging Areas According to CERDEC Draft (From Porche, et al., “Redefining Information Warfare Boundaries for an Army in a Wireless World,” p.51) Convergence Areas
  7. 7. Changing character of war & emerging technologies. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy • Federation and networking: Improve battlespace connectivity and security, with a focus on data security, self-healing *resilient* networks, interoperability with coalition partners. • Resilience and Stealth: Creativity and ingenuity to deliver desired effect in contested environments, operating at a higher tempo. • Data exploitation: To produce actionable and timely intelligence that contributes to decision support. • Cyber and the electromagnetic spectrum: Continuously growing space with risk and opportunity. • Autonomous Systems: A force multiplier, can support persistent operations and conduct creative maneuvers in complex contested environments. Ability to manage more data than humans. Existing Areas for Competitive Cyber Advantage
  8. 8. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Strategic Considerations Pedagogy Key Skills • Mental & Organizational Resilience • Emotional Intelligence • Understanding of Technology Convergence Military Leadership Needs • Lead through change. • Decision making at high tempo. • Creative solution finding. • Ability to build and maintain coalitions. Meeting contemporary defense challenges with defense leadership guidance.
  9. 9. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Pedagogy Strategic Considerations • Effectively blend generations to bring out the best and collaborate to achieve the mission. • Agile talent management and development compatible to generational culture and approach to the workplace. Talent management, the ecosystem of innovation, & the cognitive strategic element.
  10. 10. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Pedagogy Strategic Considerations • More people are coming online. Technology proliferation: Ingenuity and creativity yet to be seen (ex: VR for terrorist recruitment and training). • Artificial Intelligence as ‘Decision Support Infrastructure’. Talent management, the ecosystem of innovation, & the cognitive strategic element.
  11. 11. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Pedagogy Strategic Considerations Talent management, the ecosystem of innovation, & the cognitive strategic element. • Strategic deterrence: (1) Deterring actions in cyberspace through all domains (2) Deterring actions in other domains through cyberspace • Misinterpretation, and miscalculation. • Perception management and self-knowledge. • Legal, ethical, moral and cultural parameters.
  12. 12. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy Technology is not the be all and end all. Competitive advantage will come in originality of operational planning, design, and execution through constraints and changing environments. Bloom’s taxonomy, experiential learning, gaming & the importance of creativity.
  13. 13. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy Experiential Learning: Exercises and games are conducive to experiential learning. Technology can enhance this experience, and build intuition. Ex: Augmented & Virtual Reality: Simulate decision making under mental, moral and physical stress. Mission rehearsal etc. Why did that happen? What do I do next? What happened? What did I experience? Bloom’s taxonomy, experiential learning, gaming & the importance of creativity.
  14. 14. “`Cyber Military Education in an Era of Change” Dr. Lydia Kostopoulos Lkcyber.com State of Affairs Key Skills Strategic Considerations Pedagogy Bloom’s taxonomy, experiential learning, gaming & the importance of creativity.
  15. 15. ありがとうございます! Thank you! Questions? 質問? Lkcyber.com linkedin.com/in/lydiak @LKCYBER @LKCYBER

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