Virtual Literacy  Concept and Tools Developed by VALUE  (Voice of Adult Learners United for Education)  Ira David Socol Mi...
Remember, “reading” is information access. It is a purpose, not an art form. The “art” is in what you do with that informa...
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION  <ul><li>Part I - The Changing Nature of Literacy and the impact on Technology on that Nature  </l...
Part One <ul><li>The Changing Nature of Literacy and the impact on Technology on that Nature  </li></ul>
Concept of “Literacy”  <ul><li>Changing concept of Functional Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-500 BC – being able to re...
Concept of “Literacy”  <ul><li>Changing concept of Functional Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now - The  United Nations Edu...
Technology Changes Literacy  <ul><li>To be able to function in the modern economy and to be considered “literate” in the m...
Need – For Literacy in the US  <ul><li>Using the modern definition of literacy –  </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the findings ...
National Crisis <ul><li>This level of low literacy is considered a national crisis as it impacts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Th...
Out of Date Approaches  <ul><li>The current solutions for low-literacy issues offered by governments are;  </li></ul><ul><...
The Current System is Failing  <ul><li>VALUE sees this current system of training  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is still basicall...
We Want Change <ul><li>VALUE wants a system that recognizes:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The real needs of persons with low-lit...
Virtual Literacy is the Answer <ul><li>VALUE sees that virtual literacy addresses all of these three main points </li></ul...
Modernize the Approach to Low-Literacy and its Removal as a Barrier  <ul><li>VALUE calls for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The en...
Still a Role for Teachers <ul><li>The ability to gain information through virtual technology does not solve the problems o...
Timeline For Old and New Concepts  <ul><li>What we have </li></ul>Five Years Twenty percent drop out In first six months M...
Creating Independent Learners <ul><li>VALUE sees that through the use of Virtual Literacy we can create people who are: </...
PART TWO <ul><li>What technologies are needed for Virtual Literacy? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the wide range of technologi...
The Revolution is Almost Complete <ul><li>The Key Components of Virtual Literacy involve issues of  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
The Revolution is Almost Complete <ul><li>In each of these areas, there are products available (freeware in the software a...
Virtual Literacy Access Basics Workplace Computer Solutions Personal Computer Solutions Mobile Phone Solutions Media Conve...
Virtual Literacy Tool Basics Text-to-Speech Accessible Browsers Speech Recognition Interactive Calendars Convertible Messa...
Access Technologies Provide information and communication in directly accessible form via adjustable print and controllabl...
Text-To-Speech Anywhere Website Conversions Computer Tools Telephony Tools Hand-Held Systems Text becomes speech in the of...
Premium Literacy  Support Suites WYNN http:// www.freedomscientific.com/LSG/products/WYNN.asp Read and Write Gold http:// ...
Phone Text-to-Speech http://www.abbyme.com/   http://www.syncmyride.com/   Allows those interacting with the “print-disabl...
Phone Text Conversion http://www.scanr.com/   http://www.qipit.com/ Allows mobile phone camera users to ‘photograph’ docum...
Speech-To-Text Anywhere Computer Tools Telephony Tools In Vehicle Systems Speech becomes text, easily usable by others…
Phone Speech-To-Text http:// www.vlingo.com / http:// www.spinvox.com / Operate your phone with your voice, respond to mes...
Vehicle Speech-To-Text http://www.syncmyride.com/   Interact with your messaging hands-free, keyboard free.
http://www.tx2ph.com/   Also: Amazon Kindle/iPhone Books delivered directly to mobile phones with text-to-speech capability.
Part III – One Version of a Working Model  <ul><li>The Iowa Pilot Project Model –  One vision of a working model   </li></ul>
Iowa Working Model  <ul><li>This pilot design for “virtual literacy” was created through the collaboration of several stat...
Iowa Pilot Project <ul><li>The goal of the Iowa Virtual Literacy Initiative is to increase the employability and productiv...
Iowa Working Model  <ul><li>Laptop:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dell Latitude E5400, Intel Core 2 Duo T7250, 2.00GHz, 2M L2 Cac...
Iowa Working Model  <ul><li>Software: Options -  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kurzweil  3000:  http://www.kurzweiledu.com/kurz300...
Iowa Working Model <ul><li>Freeware: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Readers  www.naturalreaders.com   </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Iowa Working Model  <ul><li>Feed Scanner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>knfb Mobile Reader (Nokia N82):       </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
http://www.valueusa.org/   http://speedchange.blogspot.com/
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Virtual Literacy Concept and Tools (May 2009)

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Developed by VALUE.
Ira David Socol -- Michigan State Uniersity
Iowa Virtual Literacy Initiative

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    Steven
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Virtual Literacy Concept and Tools (May 2009)

  1. 1. Virtual Literacy Concept and Tools Developed by VALUE (Voice of Adult Learners United for Education) Ira David Socol Michigan State University And the Iowa State Pilot Project on Virtual Literacy
  2. 2. Remember, “reading” is information access. It is a purpose, not an art form. The “art” is in what you do with that information. If we create readers, however they choose to read, they will read , and they, and our nation, will be the better for that.
  3. 3. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Part I - The Changing Nature of Literacy and the impact on Technology on that Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Part 2 - What technologies are needed for Virtual Literacy? -What is the wide range of technologies available right now? </li></ul><ul><li>Part -3 One concept of a working model – Iowa Pilot Project </li></ul>
  4. 4. Part One <ul><li>The Changing Nature of Literacy and the impact on Technology on that Nature </li></ul>
  5. 5. Concept of “Literacy” <ul><li>Changing concept of Functional Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-500 BC – being able to recall epic poetry made one “Literate” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early 19 th Century – being able to sign your name made one “Literate” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early 20 th Century – Finished primary school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid- 20 th Century – Finished high school </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Concept of “Literacy” <ul><li>Changing concept of Functional Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now - The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has drafted the following definition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;'Literacy' is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute and use printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Technology Changes Literacy <ul><li>To be able to function in the modern economy and to be considered “literate” in the modern world, we need to include “computer literacy” and “technological literacy” as a vital element in the modern definition of functional literacy … </li></ul><ul><li>Computers and technologies now dominate in the areas of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Need – For Literacy in the US <ul><li>Using the modern definition of literacy – </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the findings of the National Assessment of Adult Literacy, there are some 50 million American adults without the needed literacy skills needed to truly be functional and competitive in the new world economies. </li></ul><ul><li>See: http://nces.ed.gov/Pubs2007/2007480_1.pdf </li></ul>
  9. 9. National Crisis <ul><li>This level of low literacy is considered a national crisis as it impacts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability of the American workforce to compete in the global economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability of the military to find qualified personal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability of the people to stay current in health care issues; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability of the US to maintain a functional democracy </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Out of Date Approaches <ul><li>The current solutions for low-literacy issues offered by governments are; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based in 19th century approaches and technology, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on older definitions of literacy, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still uses standard teaching approaches. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adult literacy programs in general still rely on “classrooms,” the use of “worksheets” and mastering of reading of children’s books </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Current System is Failing <ul><li>VALUE sees this current system of training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is still basically operating on the model that was developed in the 1890's and has taken little account of the technological revolution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has little expectation of rapid growth in skill levels for its “customers” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The system expects that the average person involved with take at least 3-5 years for obtaining their stated literacy goals. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual is spending billions of Federal and State dollars with little return on the investment. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. We Want Change <ul><li>VALUE wants a system that recognizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The real needs of persons with low-literacy skills to gain access to information in a rapid fashion, and to enter or re-enter the workforce quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That there is more then one approach to gaining information (other then learning to read in the standard fashion) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That the time spent in training to become “literate” should also be spent in preparing people for the modern workforce. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Virtual Literacy is the Answer <ul><li>VALUE sees that virtual literacy addresses all of these three main points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With the use of modern technology and the “virtual literacy” approach; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We can cut the time in training down to perhaps 1/5 the current model </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Modernize the Approach to Low-Literacy and its Removal as a Barrier <ul><li>VALUE calls for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ending of the monopoly of literacy approaches based on the classroom/teacher model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The investment in the development and distribution of technological solutions to low-literacy needs and in the training of low literate persons in their use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The evolution of the standard literacy program to a technological support service for persons with low literacy, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The upgrading of “testing programs” such as the GED, qualifications for training programs, and job certification, to allow for the use of virtual technology in the taking of these exams </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Still a Role for Teachers <ul><li>The ability to gain information through virtual technology does not solve the problems of “learning,” it just rapidly increases and expands the ability to gain knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers are still needed to help the adult learning find the knowledge needed, and understand the knowledge, and to help focus the efforts of the adult learner. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual technology simply eliminates the 3-5 years currently being used to teach someone how to decode … and therefore enables the adult learner to become more able to understand the knowledge that the teach can provide in a far more rapid fashion. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Timeline For Old and New Concepts <ul><li>What we have </li></ul>Five Years Twenty percent drop out In first six months Meets about 4% of projected need About 5% actually meet literacy goals within five years No training in modern skills – long wait for employability What we want Technology allowing for rapid expansion of slots available Keeping everyone engaged People able to reach goals within a year People trained in modern skills needed for the workplace On-The-Job support
  17. 17. Creating Independent Learners <ul><li>VALUE sees that through the use of Virtual Literacy we can create people who are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Braking the cycle of dependency of most low-level readers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding their own “digital divide” issues – creating the basis for a life long ability to adapt to new technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becoming independent learners capable of learning in almost any environment </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. PART TWO <ul><li>What technologies are needed for Virtual Literacy? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the wide range of technologies available right now? </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Revolution is Almost Complete <ul><li>The Key Components of Virtual Literacy involve issues of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware and software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laptops, mobile phones, scanners, text to speech software, speech recognition, etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very potable computers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to scan through the use of cameras on phone, etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and technical support for the use of the technologies </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The Revolution is Almost Complete <ul><li>In each of these areas, there are products available (freeware in the software areas) that work together to enable a person to become “virtually literate” now. </li></ul><ul><li>Working models of virtual literacy are being used all the time in the blind and low vision communities, now. </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE is creating a working model of the blind/low vision working models to meet the needs of low-literate adults. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Virtual Literacy Access Basics Workplace Computer Solutions Personal Computer Solutions Mobile Phone Solutions Media Conversion Solutions SMS and Chat Solutions Free Telephony Solutions Shared Software Solutions Shared Calendar Solutions Multi-Application Email Solutions
  22. 22. Virtual Literacy Tool Basics Text-to-Speech Accessible Browsers Speech Recognition Interactive Calendars Convertible Messaging Handheld Devices Pocket Technologies
  23. 23. Access Technologies Provide information and communication in directly accessible form via adjustable print and controllable audio. Offer workers, students, family members full interaction in all situations no matter the status of their reading decoding or physical writing skills. Are often free or inexpensive and included in or available on ubiquitous contemporary devices (computers and phones). Are compatible with workplace equipment.
  24. 24. Text-To-Speech Anywhere Website Conversions Computer Tools Telephony Tools Hand-Held Systems Text becomes speech in the office, at school, at home, in your car, on the job, in your hand…
  25. 25. Premium Literacy Support Suites WYNN http:// www.freedomscientific.com/LSG/products/WYNN.asp Read and Write Gold http:// www.texthelp.com / Kurzweil3000 http:// www.kurzweiledu.com / Word-by-Word highlighting with scanner document conversion and full study and writing supports.
  26. 26. Phone Text-to-Speech http://www.abbyme.com/ http://www.syncmyride.com/ Allows those interacting with the “print-disabled” to convert text-messages to audio.
  27. 27. Phone Text Conversion http://www.scanr.com/ http://www.qipit.com/ Allows mobile phone camera users to ‘photograph’ documents and convert them to accessible, voice-possible, text. Free or low-cost.
  28. 28. Speech-To-Text Anywhere Computer Tools Telephony Tools In Vehicle Systems Speech becomes text, easily usable by others…
  29. 29. Phone Speech-To-Text http:// www.vlingo.com / http:// www.spinvox.com / Operate your phone with your voice, respond to messages, emails.
  30. 30. Vehicle Speech-To-Text http://www.syncmyride.com/ Interact with your messaging hands-free, keyboard free.
  31. 31. http://www.tx2ph.com/ Also: Amazon Kindle/iPhone Books delivered directly to mobile phones with text-to-speech capability.
  32. 32. Part III – One Version of a Working Model <ul><li>The Iowa Pilot Project Model – One vision of a working model </li></ul>
  33. 33. Iowa Working Model <ul><li>This pilot design for “virtual literacy” was created through the collaboration of several state agencies, universities and community based literacy programs. The team members include: </li></ul><ul><li>Curtis Chong Iowa Department for the Blind </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Gay Iowa Program for Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Johnson Iowa Program for Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Kass Drake University </li></ul><ul><li>Karen Keninger Iowa Department for the Blind </li></ul><ul><li>Monty South Iowa Vocational Rehabilitation Services </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Stachowiak Iowa Center for Assistive Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Education and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Phil Weber Second Vision, LLC—Eden Prairie, MN </li></ul><ul><li>(Iowa distributor) </li></ul>
  34. 34. Iowa Pilot Project <ul><li>The goal of the Iowa Virtual Literacy Initiative is to increase the employability and productivity of adults with low-literacy in the workforce through the use of emerging technology and training methods. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Iowa Working Model <ul><li>Laptop: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dell Latitude E5400, Intel Core 2 Duo T7250, 2.00GHz, 2M L2 Cache, 800MHz FSB : http://www.dell.com/content/products/productdetails.aspx/laptop_latitude_e5400?c= us&l = en&s = bsd&cs =04 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This concept can operate on limited laptops; with the goal of moving towards a wireless, hand held option as these tools become more developed. </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Iowa Working Model <ul><li>Software: Options - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kurzweil  3000: http://www.kurzweiledu.com/kurz3000.aspx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read & Write Gold 9:  http://www.synapseadaptive.com/textHELP/read&write_gold/read&write_gold_default.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dragon NaturallySpeaking 10 Preferred/microphone http:// www.nuance.com/naturallyspeaking/products/preferred.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kReader PC (pending): http://www.knfbreader.com/products-kreader-pc.php </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Iowa Working Model <ul><li>Freeware: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Readers www.naturalreaders.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VozMe: http:// vozme.com/index.php?lang =en </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ReadPlease: http:// www.readplease.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voicethread: http:// voicethread.com /#home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dial 2DO: www.dial2do.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scan R: www.scanr.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookshare: www.bookshare.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Book Search: http:// books.google.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Gutenberg: http:// www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Main_Page?sess =25607a1aa5 </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Iowa Working Model <ul><li>Feed Scanner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>knfb Mobile Reader (Nokia N82):  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.knfbreader.com/products-kreader-mobile.php </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classmate Reader:  http://www.humanware.com/en-usa/products/learning_disabilities/_details/id_107/classmate_reader.html </li></ul>
  39. 39. http://www.valueusa.org/ http://speedchange.blogspot.com/

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