The jesuit relations

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The jesuit relations

  1. 1. The Jesuit Relations<br />Lauren Campbell<br />
  2. 2. Introduction <br />“Relations”- arrival reports of French missionaries of the Society of Jesus to convert “pagan savages” to Catholic Christianity. <br />Affected indians of the Northeast <br />Jesuits lived in Native villages, learned local languages-came to know the Native peoples. <br />The Jesuits were men who sought Christian perfection in tightly organized branches across Catholic Europe headquarters in Rome.<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />Jesuit activities-education, literary and scientific, pastoral care, and overseas missions. <br />Public art in America was primarily the Church. <br />After many wars, Jesuits converted Mohawks and Iroquois to Catholicism and lived close to French Montreal. <br />Jesuits had to work with the natives who generally retained a high degree of independence-became in alliance with French network and trade.<br />
  4. 4. Chapter One <br />Fur trading led hunting and gathering people to have contact with French by the time LeJean encountered them.<br />LeJean accompanied band of Montagnais to improve his knowledge of the native language and customs while pushing the truth of Christianity. <br />
  5. 5. Chapter One<br />Journal entry- “I was so frozen that fire could thaw me and I had to break ice to get water. The indians were working hard enough to sweat.”<br />They believe that there are certain spirits of light or spirits of air.<br />Indians are free from evil, their soul is fertile- they have neither gentleness nor courtesy.<br />
  6. 6. Chapter Two<br />The Hurons-large population and stable village habitat made hem more promising target for evangelization that the dispersed Nomadic Montagnais.<br />They have hardly any virtue or religion, or any learning or government- no individual words suitable for signifying certain things. <br />There are some indications that in the past they had some knowledge of the true god that was more than natural.<br />
  7. 7. Chapter Two<br />The Huron address themselves to the Earth, rivers, lakes, etc...in the belief that these things are animate and that some powerful or demon spirit resides. <br />Hurons have no powerful leaders or submissin to authority, but they have self control. <br />“If laws are like the governing wheel regulating a community, the soul of common wealth in view of perfect understanding that reigns among them, they are without laws.”<br />
  8. 8. Chapter Three<br />Jesuit Relations- good source of information on spread of old world diseases among Native population of the Northern America.-tragically important dimension of history of early European contact. <br />The Aoutaerohi-remedy for particular disease (term comes from name of little demon as large as the fist, which is in the body of the sick).<br />
  9. 9. Chapter Three<br />“Indians wondered how we cared for our sick and regimen we put them on. Never seen French people ill.<br />Illness would spread among all the regions.<br />Unfortunately for the Hurons, they had to be around all the sick when they were in perfect health. <br />
  10. 10. Chapter Four<br />Jesuit Missions of New France were conducted throughout 17th century in atmosphere of tensio, war, and shifting alliances involving the French and various native nations.<br />There are no hunters eager for the game as equal to Indians hunting men.<br />An Indian is more surprising on their prey than a cat.<br />
  11. 11. Chapter Four<br />Journal entry-The Iroquis, enemies of the Hurons, arrived by night at Fronteir of this country-numbered thousands of men with firearms obtained from allies-the Dutch.<br />All of this band of Chrisitians fell mostly alive into the hands of the enemy and with them our two fathers, pastors of the church.<br />“On leaving the town, they set fire on all sides, listening with great enjoyment to the frightful cries uttering by poor victims in flames.”<br />

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