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Final california


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Final california

  1. 1. Kevin Starr
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ California itself, according to Montalvo, was an ‘island on the rght hand of the Indies…Very close to the side of the Terrestrial Paradise.’- abounding in in gold and precious stones.” </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Calafia sailed to Constantinpole to join captains of the world in seige against the Turks. </li></ul>Queen Calafia’s Island
  3. 3. <ul><li>1533 party of Spanish explorers sailing against west from Mexico an command of Hernan Cortes landed on what they believed to be the recently discovered Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>California was a peninsula, not and island, and faces the Pacific Ocean latitude 42 degrees N and latitude 32 degrees N </li></ul>Queen Calafia’s Island
  4. 4. <ul><li>Native Americans of California belonged to 22 linguistic families and within those families were 135 separate languages. </li></ul><ul><li>“ After 25 generations, the first Californians would soon be encountering social forces , diseases, and genocidal violence that would them to the brink of extinction.” </li></ul>Queen Calafia’s Island
  5. 5. <ul><li>The public works infrastructure of California was established in the next 40 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants, industrial sites, etc. served the growing population. </li></ul><ul><li>1878 legislature passed the Drainage Act and allowed $100,000 for irrigation, drainage, and navigation studies. </li></ul>Great Expectations
  6. 6. <ul><li>Technology developed in the Gold Rush for moving water across land led to technology of irrigation. Eventually would enlarge and stabalize metropolitan infrastructure in San Francisco and Los Angeles. </li></ul><ul><li>Took more than six years to construct LA aqueduct. </li></ul><ul><li>1910 California reached 2.3 million in population growth. Decades from 1900-30 there was an overnight creation of metropolitan LA, San Francisco, and Southern California as new America. </li></ul>Great Expectations
  7. 7. <ul><li>Newcomers in Southern California were primarily white. </li></ul><ul><li>1920-30 Mexican American were dominant in Los Angeles, as wells as a small population of African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1929, Sothern California had emerged into a “fully materialized American place.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 1029s approximately 50,000 cmmuters were entering and leaving the San Francisco Bay Area everyday. This made the San Francisco Ferry Building the busiest terminal in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>1853 San Franciscans talked about bulding a bridge that would link their city to the Oakland on the East Bay Shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Budget for bridge reached $77.2 million, which made it one of the most expensive public works in American history. </li></ul>Great Expectations
  8. 8. <ul><li>1930s the Great Depression emerged. </li></ul><ul><li>The Gold Rush was “an epic of personal labor in which men of every social background sought their fortunes through the work of their hands.” </li></ul><ul><li>Since labor for hire was scarce in cities and towns (most preferred to be in the mines) workers of California organized themselves immediately. </li></ul>Making it Happen
  9. 9. <ul><li>California developed as an agriculture state. But with these great fields, it required an intense seasonal labor force. 1880s-90s men would bunk out and work in the fields all day. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually the labor force wanted to improve their working conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>This movement was eventually termed The General Strike of 1901 and led to the formation of Union Labor Party in San Francisco. </li></ul>Making it Happen
  10. 10. <ul><li>1912 San Diego found itself in bitter dock strike by the Industrial Workers of the World. </li></ul><ul><li>Violence among all these movements became a common theme. </li></ul><ul><li>“ April 30, 1919 the Criminal Syndicalism Act passed that declared it a felony, punishable by 1-14 years in prison, to advocate or in any other way to promulgate violence as a means of ‘accomplishing a change in industrial ownership or control or effecting and political changes.’” </li></ul>Making it Happen