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Comparison of Glass Types by Use
Benefits of Metaglas Sight Glass
Sight Glass Research
Understanding Glass
Options for Sig...
Importance of Sight Glass
• Industrial sight glass provides visual
inspection of industrial and pharmaceutical
processes.
...
Importance of Sight Glass
• Sight glass cannot be eliminated because
the observation of the interior of vessels
and pipeli...
Glass Types (review)
• Borosilicate
• High Chemical Resistance
• Higher Temperature Capability
• Low Thermal Coefficient o...
Glass Specifications
Borosilicate
• Borosilicate
• Borosilicate glasses are used for baking & cooking dishes, chemical
lab...
Sight Glass Specifications
Soda Lime
• Soda Lime
• Soda lime glasses (or lime glasses) are used for lamp envelopes, bottle...
Corrosion Resistance
Coefficients of Expansion
• The most important point, when analyzing a piece of
glass equipment is the coefficient of expa...
Coefficients of Expansion
Borosilicate Glass
32
Example:
32x10-7
IN/IN/0
C
Soda Lime
93
Example:
93x10-7
IN/IN/0
C
Compression Requirements of
Borosilicate 32
• Borosilicate (32)
• Because of Borosilicate (32)’s lesser coefficient of
exp...
Compression Requirements of
Soda Lime (93)
• Soda Lime (93)
• Because of Soda Lime (93)’s greater coefficient of
expansion...
Compression Process
Compression Comparison
• Borosilicate has 3 times the compression
than Soda Lime
• Borosilicate has 4-1/2 times the pressu...
View Comparison of Sight Glass
Options
Customers Prefer a Large View
Soda LimeBorosilicate
Dwg. 180-SLDwg. 180-LV
Importance of Metaglas Sight Glass
• Metaglas, the ultimate in sight window
safety, is made by fusing pure borosilicate
gl...
White Papers on Sight Glass
• Duplex Steel is Preferred Over 316L Steel in Process
Equipment
By Dr. Hira Ahluwalia
• Glass...
Metaglas Sight Glass
• For More Information
• Visit L.J. Star Incorporated for more
information on the Metaglas Sight Glas...
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Where Sight Glass Strength Comes From

L.J. Star Incorporated provides a comparative look at different glass types used in making industrial sight glass. http://www.ljstar.com/products/products.aspx?pl=6

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Where Sight Glass Strength Comes From

  1. 1. Comparison of Glass Types by Use Benefits of Metaglas Sight Glass Sight Glass Research Understanding Glass Options for Sight Glass
  2. 2. Importance of Sight Glass • Industrial sight glass provides visual inspection of industrial and pharmaceutical processes. • Sight Glass is used in conjunction with lights that illuminate tank and pipe interiors. • However, glass is often the weakest link in any process.
  3. 3. Importance of Sight Glass • Sight glass cannot be eliminated because the observation of the interior of vessels and pipelines is necessary. • Sight glasses are highly engineered products. • Different glass materials have different specs that have tremendous importance for worker safety, sanitary processes, and maintenance costs.
  4. 4. Glass Types (review) • Borosilicate • High Chemical Resistance • Higher Temperature Capability • Low Thermal Coefficient of Expansion • Soda Lime • Low Chemical Resistance • Low Temperature Capability • High Thermal Coefficient of Expansion • Quartz • High Temperature Capability • Very Low Thermal Coefficient of Expansion • Good Resistance to Steam
  5. 5. Glass Specifications Borosilicate • Borosilicate • Borosilicate glasses are used for baking & cooking dishes, chemical laboratory glassware, boiler gage glasses, sight glasses, glass pipe, etc. Their compositions are usually similar to the following. • Silica - SiO2 …………………………...…...80% • Boric Oxide - B2O3…………...14% • Soda - Na2O ……………………….………....4% • Alumina -Al2O3 …………...……2% • Reasonable manufacturing cost coupled with high chemical stability, low coefficients of thermal expansion, high heat shock resistance and excellent electrical resistivity make borosilicate glasses the best choice for most industrial applications.
  6. 6. Sight Glass Specifications Soda Lime • Soda Lime • Soda lime glasses (or lime glasses) are used for lamp envelopes, bottles, and window glass and are melted from silica that has been fluxed with lime (CaO), and soda (Na2O) plus small quantities of other oxides. Their compositions are usually similar to the following: • Silica - SiO2…………………...…..72% • Soda - Na2O…………………...………....15% • Lime - CaO……..………………..…….…..9% • Magnesia - MgO…..…………….....3% • Alumina - Al2O3…………………………...…..1% • Lime glasses are low in cost, easily hot-worked and are usually specified for service where high heat resistance and chemical stability are not required.
  7. 7. Corrosion Resistance
  8. 8. Coefficients of Expansion • The most important point, when analyzing a piece of glass equipment is the coefficient of expansion. • Ordinary house windows are called 93 glass. • Borosilicate Glass is called a 32 glass. • Vycor® is called 8 glass. • Borosilicate has a much lower coefficient of expansion, approximately 1/3 of Soda Lime. Bottom Line: Borosilicate has greater resistance to thermal shock.
  9. 9. Coefficients of Expansion Borosilicate Glass 32 Example: 32x10-7 IN/IN/0 C Soda Lime 93 Example: 93x10-7 IN/IN/0 C
  10. 10. Compression Requirements of Borosilicate 32 • Borosilicate (32) • Because of Borosilicate (32)’s lesser coefficient of expansion, a metal ring with a larger width is required. • Therefore there is more radial compression on the glass.
  11. 11. Compression Requirements of Soda Lime (93) • Soda Lime (93) • Because of Soda Lime (93)’s greater coefficient of expansion, a metal ring with a narrow width is required. • Therefore there is less radial compression on the glass.
  12. 12. Compression Process
  13. 13. Compression Comparison • Borosilicate has 3 times the compression than Soda Lime • Borosilicate has 4-1/2 times the pressure capability than Soda Lime • Fused Borosilicate is the stronger choice
  14. 14. View Comparison of Sight Glass Options
  15. 15. Customers Prefer a Large View Soda LimeBorosilicate Dwg. 180-SLDwg. 180-LV
  16. 16. Importance of Metaglas Sight Glass • Metaglas, the ultimate in sight window safety, is made by fusing pure borosilicate glass within stainless steel rings. The result is a sight glass that has been described as having the transparency of glass with the strength of steel. • Proven in thousands of installations, Metaglas is the #1 selling sight glass.
  17. 17. White Papers on Sight Glass • Duplex Steel is Preferred Over 316L Steel in Process Equipment By Dr. Hira Ahluwalia • Glass Selection for Process Industrial Applications By Harvey Travers, Engineering Consultant • Compression vs. Fusion in Sight Glass Construction By Karl Schuller, Herberts Industrieglas GmbH • Trade Names Can Confuse Sight Glass Selection By Jeff Watkins, New Brunswick Scientific • Competitive Claims and Misconceptions About Sight Windows By Andrew Obertanec, L.J. Star
  18. 18. Metaglas Sight Glass • For More Information • Visit L.J. Star Incorporated for more information on the Metaglas Sight Glass. • Contact us directly: • Mailing Address: L.J. Star Incorporated P.O. Box 1116 Twinsburg, OH 44087 • Telephone: (330) 405-3040 FAX: (330) 405-3070

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