Snakes in Our Area (Southern Ohio) By Levi Stalder SP Herpetology Club
The Black Rat Snake•One of the most common in this area.•A harmless snake, non-venomous.•Comes in small variations of color patters, ranging fromblack to black and brown/gray with a checkered belly.The most common variation is depicted above.•Reach an average adult length of up to 75 inches (6 feet),however there are Black Rat Snakes that have beenreported reaching over 100 inches in length (8+ feet).
The Northern Black Racer•Found throughout southern and eastern Ohio.•Is a completely black snake, with either a completelywhite belly, or blue-gray belly.•Similar in size to the Black Rat Snake; tends to beslightly shorter but slightly more stocky.•An aggressive and fast snake,reaching speeds up to 12 mph.
The Eastern/Common Garter Snake•Harmless, but venomous?•A common snake in most of the US.•A relatively small snake that reaches a length up to 40inches.•Gives live birth of up to 40 young.
Northern/Common Water Snake •This is NOT a Copperhead. •The Common Water Snake is harmless and non-venomous. •However, this snake is aggressive. •Prefer to be near water, where they may hunt freely. •Reach lengths up to 45 inches; tend to be rather stocky.
The Rough Green Snake•A harmless, even docile snake.•A climbing snake reaching 45 inches in lengthand tends to be very thin.•Seem to be less common than in previousyears.•Lays up to 14 eggs
The Eastern Hognose Snake•A harmless, yet venomous snake.•Eastern Hogs have a variety ofcolor patterns: brown, checkered (yellow, tan, brown, and red),and black.•Eastern Hogs will flare out "hoods" to intimidateanyhting that threatens them, they also have a loudrobust hiss, and will play dead if the last two tactics donot work in deterring the predator/threat.•Reach up to 50 inches in length.
The Timber Rattlesnake•A timid, venomous snake.•Is rarely seen in this area, butis seen on rare occasion.•Reach up to 60 inches length.•Uses Neurotoxic/Hemotoxic venom (attacks the nervoussystem resulting in respiratory failure and attacks thecirculatory system).•Bites from these snakes are rare, and fatalities ofhumans from these bites is even more rare, with the last
The Canebrake Rattlesnake(Southern version of the Timber Rattlesnake)Owned by Larry CartmillLocation: NECCO/ Tri State Herp Society Meeting
The Copperhead•The most common venomoussnake in this area.•Reach up to 45 inches in length.•Give live birth to up to 10 young.•These snakes use a Neurotoxicvenom which effects the nervous system, shutting downthe respiratory system.•Deaths from a Copperhead bite are extremely rare; andhave technically never happened.
Copperheads Debunked •Do NOT smell like cucumbers. •Do NOT commonly hunt in pairs. •Do NOT cross breed with Black Rat Snakes. •Juveniles are NOT more venomous than adults. •Do have a yellow tail when born, and use it as a lure.