Louis XIV

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Louis XIV, The Sun King, divine right monarch

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  • Great and !! Very beautiful presentation ! Thank for sharing. Good weekend.Bernard (France)
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Louis XIV

  1. 1. Louis XIV King of France from 1642 to 1715 “ The Sun King”
  2. 2. Biography: <ul><li>Ascended to the throne in 1643 at age 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Mazarin & Anne of Austria -- advisors </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized power in the king’s hands </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged trade </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled the army </li></ul><ul><li>Crushed unrest </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ruling Philosophy: <ul><li>At age 23 Louis XIV took over </li></ul><ul><li>The Sun King </li></ul><ul><li>‘ as the earth depends on the sun, France depends on Louis XIV’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ I am the state’ </li></ul><ul><li>Divine Right Ruler, Absolute Monarch </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ruling Power: <ul><li>Brought army under King’s control </li></ul><ul><li>Intendants - royal agents in provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Staunch Roman Catholic - Louis crushed all opposition to the church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huguenots </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Palace of Versailles <ul><li>12 miles (20K) from Paris </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Away from the rabble </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King & Court lived there </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King held courtiers ‘captive’ </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Social Hierarch of France <ul><li>Three Estates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Estate - Clergy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closest to God </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Estate - Nobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled the land & much wealth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Estate - everyone else </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Merchants and intellectuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getting frustrated with their status </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Jean Baptiste Colbert <ul><li>Finance minister </li></ul>
  8. 8. Colbert took charge of the economy… <ul><li>Mercantilist policies - make France rich </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonial trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reformed tax system - burden on peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Improved infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased provincial and town tariffs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Wars <ul><li>At war for 30 of his 54 years as regent </li></ul><ul><li>Wars with the Netherlands, England, Spain, Holy Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Expand France to its ‘natural frontiers’ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Legacy: <ul><li>Palace of Versailles - monument to his greatness, strength & power </li></ul><ul><li>Bankrupt treasury - expensive wars and life style left little in the treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Model for an Absolute Monarch - revered and emulated by others </li></ul><ul><li>Patron for Arts - plays, poets, musicians, fashion </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Palace of Versailles <ul><li>Chateau de Versailles official web site </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.chateauversailles.fr/en/index.php </li></ul>

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