Population And Settlement

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Population And Settlement

  1. 1. REVISION TOPC 1
  2. 2. <ul><li>SETTLEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>The reasons behind the location of a settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Settlements of different sizes provide different goods and services </li></ul><ul><li>Case study of a growing or declining settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in settlements can affect people’s quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>POPULATION </li></ul><ul><li>Population distribution – global, MEDC, LEDC </li></ul><ul><li>Factors affecting birth rate, death rate etc </li></ul><ul><li>Population pyramids and factors that affect their shape </li></ul><ul><li>Migration (pros / cons); case study </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1988 67 2002 140 Nottingham Ashfield District Council personal mobility counterurbanisation Top Wighay Farm 595 park & ride primary school Tesco character conflict threshold population increase in services congestion A6 A611
  4. 4. <ul><li>1988 </li></ul><ul><li>47 </li></ul><ul><li>2002 </li></ul><ul><li>140 </li></ul><ul><li>personal mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Nottingham </li></ul><ul><li>counterurbanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Ashfield District Council </li></ul><ul><li>Top Wighay Farm </li></ul><ul><li>10. 595 </li></ul><ul><li>11. primary school </li></ul><ul><li>12. Tesco </li></ul><ul><li>13. Park and Ride </li></ul><ul><li>14. Character </li></ul><ul><li>15. conflict </li></ul><ul><li>16. threshold population </li></ul><ul><li>17. increase in services </li></ul><ul><li>18. congestion </li></ul><ul><li>19. A6 </li></ul><ul><li>20. A611 </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>DISADVANTAGES OF MIGRATION FOR DESTINATION COUNTRY </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. where migrants are moving to </li></ul><ul><li>BENEFITS OF MIGRATION FOR DESTINATION COUNTRY </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. where migrants are moving to </li></ul>
  6. 6. Destination country (where migrants go to) <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Increased labour market (more workers) </li></ul><ul><li>More low cost / unskilled labour available </li></ul><ul><li>Migrants fill unwanted jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth due to high natural increase </li></ul><ul><li>Larger tax revenues – economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of unskilled work for native population </li></ul><ul><li>Racial prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of income is sent back to home country </li></ul><ul><li>Increased costs of social benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of integration </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>DISADVANTAGES OF MIGRATION FOR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. where migrants have come from </li></ul><ul><li>BENEFITS OF MIGRATION FOR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. where migrants have come from </li></ul>
  8. 8. Home country (where people come from) <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces pressure on jobs and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of people of childbearing age so birth rate falls </li></ul><ul><li>Migrants develop new skills to bring back </li></ul><ul><li>Money sent back to families </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of people of working age </li></ul><ul><li>Loses most educated / skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>Many males leave causing a division in families </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves an elderly population and high death rate </li></ul>

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