“ The Sun never sets on the British Empire” The history of Empires goes back more than 4000 years...
Traditional Imperialism : Meant conquering your neighbors and expanding your borders, absorbing their peoples into your own
New Imperialism : Meant setting up colonies far from the home country & ruling over less advanced peoples (“ natives”) 1500’s -1945
Modern or new imperialism came about as countries evolved from medieval kingdoms into powerful, technologically advanced, NATION-STATES
Birth & Evolution of The State The State - a permanent, continuous, organized government separate from the Monarch - was born in Renaissance Italy Why? TRADE: Provided revenue for funding professional mercenary armies BANKING: Sophisticated financial organization, investment & credit WARFARE: Constant warfare forced, small, wealthy cities to seek an advantage over powerful feudal rulers like the Austrian Emperor , the Ottoman Sultan and the Kings of France and Spain
Evolution of the State 1400-1991 KIND OF STATE PURPOSE Princely State Legitimize ruler Kingly State Legitimize state Territorial State Expand power State-Nation Unify the Nation Nation-State Serve the Nation
Causes of Imperialism NATIONALISM: A strong feeling of pride or superiority about your nation. Began with the FRENCH REVOLUTION . MILITARISM: Glorification of war, courage and military skills. The Army and Navy are usually large and well-funded. PROTECTIONISM: High tariffs and other trade barriers prevent nations from trading freely and create economic problems that nations try to solve by acquiring colonies