America in the Age of Imperialism

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HS/JHS American/World History

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America in the Age of Imperialism

  1. 1. America & The Age of Imperialism
  2. 2. Why Did the United States adopt a policy of Imperialism ? Is America a Republic or an Empire?
  3. 3. “ An empire of Liberty...” The Founding Fathers mostly saw America as an “anti-Empire” - an enormous continent of free citizens governing themselves in an expanding, democratic, Republic . A model and inspiration for democratic revolutions elsewhere.
  4. 4. 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago quot;The Significance of the Frontier in American Historyquot; “Up to our own day American history has been in a large degree the history of the colonization of the Great West. The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American Frederick Jackson Turner development.”
  5. 5. A NETWORK FOR MAHAN EMPIRE TURNER ROOSEVELT Henry & Brooks ADAMS LODGE
  6. 6. MANIFEST DESTINY James K. Polk
  7. 7. National Greatness Colonies for naval bases Colonies to increase trade Bridge to China - “Open Door”
  8. 8. 1. MORALITY The “ White Man’s Burden” (Anglo-American) or “Civilization Burden Mission” (Franco-Belgian) to spread modern ideas, medicine, good Mission government and education. Ending slavery and other evils was another major goal. RUDYARD KIPLING
  9. 9. 2. RELIGIOUS-MYSTICAL Reverend Josiah Strong and missionary societies wanted colonization to spread the Gospel of Christ and put “Anglo-Saxons” in charge of running the world. Christian Missionaries in Qing China
  10. 10. 3. ECONOMIC The industrial revolution required raw materials, resources and markets
  11. 11. 4. POLITICAL An empire is a sign that a nation is truly great
  12. 12. 5. STRATEGIC Colonies to provide coaling stations, naval bases and to deny the enemy access to strategic waterways like the Panama Canal in time of war. Adm. A.T. Mahan
  13. 13. “THE IRON TRIANGLE of IMPERIALISM” MISSIONARIES MERCHANTS MILITARY OFFICERS
  14. 14. YELLOW JOURNALISM William Randolph Hearst Joseph Pulitzer
  15. 15. What did the Advocates of an American Empire Manage to Achieve ?
  16. 16. Annexation of Hawaii 1898 Lorrin A. Thurston Sanford Ballard Dole Queen Lili'uokalani Deposed 1893
  17. 17. Spanish-American War 1898 Colonies: The Philippines Puerto Rico Guam Protectorate: Cuba
  18. 18. Open Door Notes 1899 -1900 Sec. of State John Hay
  19. 19. The Panama Canal Zone 1903-1977
  20. 20. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine “If a nation shows that it knows how to act with reasonable efficiency and decency in social and political matters, if it keeps order and pays its obligations, it need fear no interference from the United States....in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing....to the exercise of an international police power.” “The Big Stick”

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