Domestic Violence Presentation


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Domestic Violence Presentation

  1. 1. Domestic ViolenceBy: Melissa and Liz
  2. 2. Definition: “Domestic violence is a pattern of • Domestic Violence is:assaultive and coercive behaviors, including • Pattern of behaviors that are assaultivephysical, sexual, and psychological attacks, as and forcedwell as economic coercion, that adults oradolescents use against their intimate partner” • The perpetrator uses a arrangement of(Domestic Abuse Shelter). physical force and terror that producesThe legal definition according to the Florida physical and psychological detrimentStatue 741.28: “any assault, aggravated assault, to the victim and children.battery, aggravated battery, sexual assault, • The pattern used by the perpetrator onsexual battery, stalking, aggravated stalking, the victim is decisive and theirkidnapping, false imprisonment, or any criminaloffense resulting in physical injury or death of a objective of attaining control andfamily or household member” (“Florida -Illustration.jpgmpliance is frequentlystatutes,” 2012). successful.Two types of domestic violence:1.) Situational couple violence: “kind of conflictand usually involves the less serious kinds ofaggression’ (Cherlin, 2010).2.) Intimate terrorism: “ family violence,involves a pattern of violence such as repeatedbeatings, and causes injuries” (Cherlin, 2010).Definition of DV & What It Is:
  3. 3. • Federal Laws regarding domestic violence: Federal Laws & FL Statutes: • 1.) Domestic Violence Prevention Act of 1985- authorizes funding for state DV organizations, shelters, & hotlines for women in abusive situations. • 2.) Violence Against Women Act of 1994- this legislation makes enables the law to punish abusers while safeguarding women (womens right to be protected) Florida Statutes regarding domestic violence: 741.283- Minimum term of imprisonment- 5 days, the court can still sentence person additional incarceration 741.32- Certification of batterers intervention program 784.046- Action by victim of repeat violence/ sexual/ dating for protective injunction- the abuser will be held in custody and serves a minimum term of imprisonment until their first appearance in court.
  4. 4. Intimate partner violence made up 20% of all non-fatal crimesexperienced by woman in 2001. In the last 25 years 57,000 individualshave been killed in a domestic violence situation (U.S Department ofJustice, Bureau of Justice Statics).“79% of domestic violence victims were female with a mean age of 33,79% of the perpetrators were male with a mean age of 34. 38% of thevictims were African American, 40% of the events the victim andperpetrator were married and 69% of these couples had prior history ofdomestic violence. In 44% of the events children were present”(Fantuzzo, 335).“Same-sex domestic violence and opposite-sex domestic violence haveroughly equivalent frequency rate”(Tesch, 2010) Statistics:
  5. 5. • Injuries and excuses• Absences from work or school• Low self-esteem• Accusations of having an affair• Personality changes• Fear of conflict• Not knowing what one wants or how they feel• Blaming others for everything• Self blame• Aggressive or care-taking behavior in children • (Domestic violence warning) Warning Signs:
  6. 6. Characteristics of batterers: Characteristics of DV:• Batters are experts of deceit, they •“Constant criticism & belittling very rarely show their violent side comments to anyone but the victims. •Verbal abuse and threats• They have a winners personality and are well liked in the •Isolation & control of contact with family & friends community but their public and personal behavior is immensely •Restrictions on entry/ exit from home different. •Intimidation• Traits they commonly have are: •Controlling & coercive behavior • Low self-esteem •Denial of privacy • Intense insecurity and inability •Control of finances to trust others •Destruction of personal and valued • Denial of fault of their property & possessions” (Evans, 5). behaviorCharacteristics of Batterers/DV:
  7. 7. • “While most domestic violence relationships involving violence include some type of cycle, not all violent relationships go through each phase. Some batterers never express any remorse for their actions and continue to use threats and intimidation to discourage the victim. Most domestic abuse cases follow a pattern corresponding, in some way or another, to the cycle of violence” (Marvin, 5). Cycle of Violence:
  8. 8. • 1.) Tension building phase: longest phase, tension intensifies between the couple. Excessive drinking occurs, illness, jealousy which may lead to name calling, hostility, and friction among the two.• 2.) Acute-battering phase: explosion of violence has occurred, the batterer lost control both physically and emotionally. “Most batterers do not want to hurt their partners but teach them a lesson and control them” (Marvin, 4).• 3.) Honeymoon phase: period of calm and loving behavior by batterer. Batterer may be genuinely sorry and batterers greatest fear is that the partner will leave them.Phases of Cycle of Violence
  9. 9. Psychological: Physical: • Abuser will not let the victim out • Centrally located injuries of sight and answers all questions • Injuries usually covered by clothing when at the doctor • Cigarette burns • Victim may seem quiet and • Bite marks passive or may show signs of • Rope burns depression, anxiety, chronic fatigue, suicidal predispositions • Bruises and battered woman syndrome. • Welts with the contour of a • “Substance abuse is common for distinguishable weapon the person who is enduring the violence, may happen as a result • Symptoms: of the violent relationship rather • Headache than being the cause of the • Neck & chest pain violence” (Edwards, 2012). • Heart beating to fastSigns & Symptoms: • • Choking sensation Numbness & tingling • Painful sexual intercourse
  10. 10. Heterosexual Homosexual• Fear of the unknown woman who leave • The services are lacking because officers are abusers have a 75% greater risk of getting abusive toward the community killed then those who stay • Clueless about the dynamics about same sex• Children is the reason they stay because the relationship abuser will threaten to take them if they • When officers do take take the same sex attempt to leave calls they arrested the wrong person• The abuser will promise it will never • “many homosexual and bisexual men and happen again women will not report battering to• Guilt: the wife wants to believe she is she authorities. The fear stems from either and needs her help apprehension regarding re-victimization by• Lack of self-esteem- wife thinks somehow police officers due to the sexual minority she derives the abuse status or the possibility of having the sexual• Love orientation exposed to the community”• Sex role condition-sex role conditioning (Tesch, 2010) women are still taught to be passive and dependent upon men• Economic dependence “The dynamics are the same in same sex• Religious beliefs• Stigma of a broken home relationships as with straight• Things are so bad relationships” (Huwig, 2001).• abuse of a child• Questioning the relationship• Fear of death
  11. 11. Womans resources: Mens resources• DV hotline= 800 799-SAFE • DV hotline= 800 799-SAFE• National Coalition Against DV= • National Coalition Against DV= 303 839- 1852 303 839- 1852• National Victim center= 800 FYI • National Victim center= 800 FYI CALL CALL• National victim assistance= 800 • National victim assistance= 800 TRY NOVA TRY NOVA• Aid to victims of DV • Battered Husbands support• FL Atlantic Univ. Victim • SAFE: stop abuse for everyone Advocates • Ogeechee Judicial Circuit DV• Legal Aid Society DV project shelter: for both men and women,• Victim serviced men stay at a safe place at another• YMCA Harmony House location in FL Resources for Victims:
  12. 12. Tesch, B., Bekerian, D., English, P., & Harrington, E. (2010). Same-sex domestic• violence: why victims are more at risk. International Journal Of Police Science• & Management, 12(4), 526-535. doi:10.1350/ijps.2010.12.4.204• Fantuzzo, J., Fusco, R., Mohr, W., & Perry, M. (2007). Domestic Violence and• Children’s Presence: A Population-based Study of Law Enforcement• Surveillance of Domestic Violence. Journal Of Family Violence, 22(6), 331-340. References:• doi:10.1007/s10896-007-9080-4• The prevalence of exposure to domestic violence and the factors associated with co-• occurrence of psychological and physical violence exposure: a sample from• primary care patients. (2011). BMC Public Health, 11(1), 621-630.• doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-621• Meltzer, H., Doos, L., Vostanis, P., Ford, T., & Goodman, R. (2009). The mental health• of children who witness domestic violence. Child & Family Social Work, 14(4),• 491-501. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2206.2009.00633.x• Marvin, D. R. (1997). The dynamics of domestic abuse. (Cover story). FBI Law• Enforcement Bulletin, 66(7), 13.• Evans, N. (2005). Domestic violence: recognising the signs. Paediatric Nursing,• 17(1), 14-16.• Huwig, P. (2001). A Look at Lesbian Domestic Violence. Lesbian News, 26(8), 52.• Edwards, R. (2012). Domestic violence signs and symptoms. Retrieved from•• Domestic violence warning signs . Unpublished raw data, Safe Place, Michigan State• University, East Lansing, MI. Retrieved from• facts/warning_dv.htm• Florida statues. (2012, october 11). Retrieved from• /statutes_detail.php?statute_id=974• Cherlin, A. (2010). Domestic violence In P. Butcher (Ed.), Public and Private Families• an introduction (pp. 341-373). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.• United states department of justice. (n.d.). Retrieved from