Arc Stockton Arts and Older People TrainingAgeing Communities – A Context 29th November 2012
Older people – building age friendly communities
Ageing communities – facing the future“Population ageing and urbanisation have in their different ways become the keysocial trends of the the twenty-first century.”Professor Chris Phillipson 2010
Ageing in an urban environment“There is emerging evidence that urban environments may place older people at a heightened risk of isolation and loneliness. Changes in urban environments are developed to meet the needs of younger consumers.Older people’s social well-being is prone to changes in population. The loss of family members, friends and neighbours has implications for the maintenance of stable, social relationships. Older people are affected by changes linked to social issues, such as changes in services and levels of crime.” Scharf / Gierveld 2008
Experiences of Ageing “Some councils will see an outward migration of affluent people in their 50s and 60s who choose to leave urban areas. The remaining older population tends to be poorer, isolated“I just sit in staring at the television or and more vulnerable with athe walls. You get to a point where you lower life expectancy and athink I can’t cope. I mean you thinkwhat’s the point being stuck here day in need for acuteday out.” interventions”Female, 51, East Manchester Audit Commission 2008
Age Inequalities – Depression and wealth W 75+W 50 - 59 Poorest 4th 3rd M 75 + 2nd RichestM 50 - 59 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60%
Ageing Inequalities – Mean walking speed & wealth, people aged 60+ PoorestMetres Per Second 4th 3rd 2nd Richest 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95 1
Ageing in Teesside 80 plus 65 to 79 2029Working Age 15 to 64 2012 Under 15 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000
How may this change our communities? DEMOGRAPHIC AGEINGRECIPROCITY IN CARE – & COMMUNITY LIFE – INCOME & WEALTH – changed family patterns and levels of employment, retirement, relationships and care consumption. Need and education structures provision of services POLITICAL AND CIVIL HEALTH AND WELLBEING ENGAGEMENT
5 Key Questions for an Ageing Community How can communities How can out community How are communities remain a driver for resources be used by designed to suit the economic success but older people? Including needs of people of allalso engage older people? cultural resources ages? How can we encourage How can we integrate new models of design and research around ageing engagement? into policy and practice?
Arts and Older People – why develop this work?
Context of Ageing 1 in 5 of the UK There are now more Many older people feelpopulation is now of state people aged over 60 than isolated in their own pension age – 12 million there are under 18 home people People over 65 spend on No specific arts and averaged 80% of their culture agenda that time at home – 90% for targets older people people over 85
“The Impact of Professionally Conducted Cultural Programmes on the Physical Health, Mental Health and Social Functioning of Older Adults” Cohen et al, National Endowment for the Arts, USA• Study included a variety of artforms and involved 300 older people, one group involved in arts programmes, one group not.• The study showed participants who were involved in arts programmes had better health, fewer doctor visits, less medication usage, and increased activities and social engagement.
Mental Wellbeing Added value gained from performing across art Way to embrace new andIncreased confidence and forms positive aspects of self esteem (drama, dance, singing, pl identity and life role aying music) Benefit of exceeding May be particularly Improved cognitive personal expectations – “I beneficial in times of function and never thought I could dochange / difficulty such as communication for that and now I want towidowhood or retirement people with dementia develop that skill.”
Physical WellbeingParticular art forms may lend themselves more than others to significant physicalhealth improvements • Dance, singing & playing instruments are better for cardio-vascular joint mobility and breathing controlAbsorption in activity that is not immediately apparent as being physically exertingcan lead to an increase in levels of general daily activity having a positive effect onphysical wellbeing • EG visual arts, drama, creative writing
Community Building Altruism experienced Allow people with Opportunities for through participatory art dementia to access meaningful social can be a means of ‘giving community and raisingcontact, friendship and something back’ to the awareness and support community expectation Relationship building for Can foster a sense of people with dementia community and belonging and their carers in care settings
Society Larger scale festivals have Powerful tool that canpotential to positively transform contribute towards challenging attitudes to older people – and breaking down self and particularly through external stigmas of being older intergenerational engagement that pervade popular culture Can bring together people in a way that helps individuals in marginalised groups mitigate the negative effects of stigma and self-doubt on their well being