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AS Media Studies   Unit G322a
What are we looking for when      analysing editing in a clip?Task 1:• Write down as many elements, that come  under editi...
What are we looking for when       analysing editing in a clip?•   Order of shots•   Continuity           You need to be• ...
Order of shots• The meaning of a clip can change depending  on the order the shots are cut together• Hitchcock Loves Bikin...
ContinuityContinuity editing• Cutting shots to tell a story with narrative continuity, helping the viewer  make sense of t...
Non-Continuity• Montage – giving information in compressed  form – can come under…• Non-continuity editing – Continuity is...
Transitions• The process of cutting from one shot to another usually  involves a simple straight cut. However there are ot...
Fade – the preceding shot fades into black from which the following                          shot emerges.
Fade – the preceding shot fades into black from which the following                          shot emerges.
Fade – the preceding shot fades into black from which the following                          shot emerges.
Dissolve or cross fade – the preceding shot merges into the followingshot, resulting in the two shots being superimposed. ...
Dissolve or cross fade – the preceding shot merges into the followingshot, resulting in the two shots being superimposed. ...
Dissolve or cross fade – the preceding shot merges into the following shot,resulting in the two shots being superimposed. ...
Shot duration/pace• The duration of a shot will usually reflect the  narrative context.• Generally speaking short shot dur...
Some editing devices•   Parallel editing - crosscutting or intercutting    between different locations can convey the    i...
Editing controls what information    we get and when we get itWhen analysing a clip consider how editingtechniques are use...
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Editing lesson 2012

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Editing lesson 2012

  1. 1. AS Media Studies Unit G322a
  2. 2. What are we looking for when analysing editing in a clip?Task 1:• Write down as many elements, that come under editing, as you can think of (2 mins)
  3. 3. What are we looking for when analysing editing in a clip?• Order of shots• Continuity You need to be• Transitions able to discuss how these• Shot duration technical elements help• Pace and rhythm create meaning.• Special effects
  4. 4. Order of shots• The meaning of a clip can change depending on the order the shots are cut together• Hitchcock Loves Bikinishttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCAE0t6KwJY&feature=PlayList&p=DC6A8F00C8251D25&index=3• Putting two shots together can suggest a connection or emphasise contrast (juxtaposition).
  5. 5. ContinuityContinuity editing• Cutting shots to tell a story with narrative continuity, helping the viewer make sense of the action by implying spatial relationships and ensuring smooth flow from shot to shot.• Continuity techniques: • Establishing shot (establishes the space in which action is to happen) • The 180º rule (ensures that the same space is described in each shot) • Shot/reverse shot • Eyeline match (e.g. character looks off-screen, next shot shows us what they see) • Match on action (character begins to move in one shot, we see continuation of the same movement in the next shot)• Realism - edit is invisible so action appears real rather than constructed.
  6. 6. Non-Continuity• Montage – giving information in compressed form – can come under…• Non-continuity editing – Continuity is broken and construction is more apparent. Meaning often created through juxtaposition and metaphor shot inserts.
  7. 7. Transitions• The process of cutting from one shot to another usually involves a simple straight cut. However there are other means of transition available to a film editor, e.g.• Fade to black• Dissolve/cross fade• Wipe• What meaning could be created by the use of the transitions above?• As well as simply moving to another shot, transitions can imply a passage of time or location, or emphasise a connection, perhaps what a character is thinking or dreaming about (dissolve/cross fade).
  8. 8. Fade – the preceding shot fades into black from which the following shot emerges.
  9. 9. Fade – the preceding shot fades into black from which the following shot emerges.
  10. 10. Fade – the preceding shot fades into black from which the following shot emerges.
  11. 11. Dissolve or cross fade – the preceding shot merges into the followingshot, resulting in the two shots being superimposed. The longer thedissolve the more noticeable the superimposition becomes.
  12. 12. Dissolve or cross fade – the preceding shot merges into the followingshot, resulting in the two shots being superimposed. The longer thedissolve the more noticeable the superimposition becomes.
  13. 13. Dissolve or cross fade – the preceding shot merges into the following shot,resulting in the two shots being superimposed. The longer the dissolve the more noticeable the superimposition becomes.
  14. 14. Shot duration/pace• The duration of a shot will usually reflect the narrative context.• Generally speaking short shot duration conveys action and urgency (say in a chase sequence). Click here for a chase sequence from Die Another Day. See if you can count the number of shots!• Whilst long duration conveys intensity and intimacy within the narrative, it allows us to focus upon facial expression and other aspects of mise en scene which would otherwise be missed.
  15. 15. Some editing devices• Parallel editing - crosscutting or intercutting between different locations can convey the impression that two or more events are occurring simultaneously. This is often used to build tension.• split screen – where the frame is split into sections so that we can see different events occurring at the same time. This technique was used on the TV series 24.
  16. 16. Editing controls what information we get and when we get itWhen analysing a clip consider how editingtechniques are used to control:• What information is revealed to or hidden from a) the characters? b) the audience?• As well as being used for dramatic effect, this control of information can tell you whose perspective is privileged - this is important when considering representation.

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