Camerawork for AS Media


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Camerawork for AS Media

  1. 1. Camera work <ul><li>In looking at camera work the following areas need to be considered: </li></ul><ul><li>Angle </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Position / framing </li></ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of field </li></ul>
  2. 2. Angle <ul><li>High and low angle shots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A filmmaker may also use a canted angle (sometimes called ‘ dutch’ ) to create a skewed frame. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often used to reinforce the idea of chaos or instability. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. High angle Fargo (Coen Bros, 1996)
  4. 4. <ul><li>Low angle Citizen Kane (Welles, 1941) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Canted angle Fallen Angels (Wong Kar-Wai, 1995)
  6. 6. Camera Movement <ul><li>Pan – horizontal movement of the camera from a static position. </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking – camera tracks the movement of a subject </li></ul><ul><li>Tilt – movement on the vertical (up or down) </li></ul><ul><li>Crab – a subtle movement on the horizontal (left or right) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Crane – the camera is mounted on to a crane so that it can move dramatically up or down and from side to side. Sometimes cranes are put on tracks to create spectacular tracking and craning movement. Click here to see a tracking and craning shot from Touch of Evil (Welles,1958) </li></ul><ul><li>Handheld – a shaky movement the follows the movement of the camera operator. Click here to see the use of handheld camera in Cloverfield (Reeves, 2008). Often used to create realism, urgent and sudden figure movement or to create a point of view shot (we are seeing things through the eyes of a character). </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom lens – creates the illusion of movement by altering the lens length. </li></ul>Camera Movement
  8. 8. Position & Framing <ul><li>The distance between the camera and the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>The position selected relates to the information the filmmaker is trying to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera distances can be defined as in the following slides. Examples are from Fargo ( Coen Bros, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the different information you get in each shot type. </li></ul>
  9. 9. extreme long shot
  10. 10. medium shot
  11. 11. close up
  12. 12. extreme close up
  13. 13. Position & Framing <ul><li>The camera is the viewers eyes in a scene so the camera position also dictates the viewers relationship with the action or characters in the scene. </li></ul><ul><li>How do the following images make you feel? </li></ul>
  14. 16. Composition <ul><li>The way a frame is composed can help to convey important information. </li></ul><ul><li>A basic convention of composition: rule of thirds </li></ul>The four points formed by the intersections of these lines can be used to align features in the photograph. Click here to find out more about this technique. Proponents of this technique claim that aligning a photograph with these points in mind creates more tension, energy and interest in the image than simply centering the subject would.
  15. 17. Rule of thirds Dead Man (Jarmusch, 1995)
  16. 18. Depth of field <ul><li>A frame’s depth of field refers to the focal length. </li></ul><ul><li>Where a frame shows everything sharp or in focus this is called deep focus. </li></ul><ul><li>When a particular part of the frame is picked out and the rest of the frame is blurred or indistinct it is called selective focus. </li></ul><ul><li>When the focal point changes within the frame this is called pull or ‘rack’ focus . </li></ul><ul><li>To get an idea of how this works put your finger in front of your face and concentrate on it. The finger will appear in focus and the background blurred. Now concentrate on the background, the human eye ‘pulls’ focus from the foreground to the background. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Selective focus Elephant (Van Sant, 2002)
  18. 20. Deep focus Citizen Kane (Welles, 1941)
  19. 21. Arlington Road task <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Take note of the camerawork and mise en scene as you will be filming your own version of this title sequence. </li></ul><ul><li>Each person in the group should film at least 3 shots each including at least one moving shot. </li></ul>