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Order Sphenisciformes<br />“Penguins”<br />
Background Info.<br />Classification<br />Class:  Aves<br />Subclass:  Neornithes<br />“True Birds”<br />Order:  Sphenisci...
Penguin Species<br />Emperor, Aptenodytes forsteri<br />King, Aptenodytes patagonicus<br />Adélie, Pygoscelis adeliae<br /...
Order Characteristics<br />Flightless<br />Wings used as paddles<br />Short legs w/ fleshy toes<br />Excellent swimmers  &...
Adélie Penguin<br />Pygoscelis adeliae<br />Named after French explorer’s wife<br />Smallest penguins<br />Large colonies<...
Adélie Description<br />Stiff-tailed w/ long feathers<br />White belly w/black head & back<br />White ring around eyes<br ...
Adélie  Habitat & Diet<br />Antarctic & surrounding islands<br />38 colonies<br />Over 5 million<br />Spend winters offsho...
Adélie  Reproduction<br />Breeding - October<br />Build nests using smalls stones<br />Sometimes steal rocks from neighbor...
Adélie  Routine<br />Fledging<br />Chick rearing<br />Egg Laying<br />Molting<br />Settlement<br />Migration<br />
Order Sphenisciformes
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Order Sphenisciformes

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This is a presentation that I was required to make for my Zoology class. Our class was on the topic of Class Aves (Birds). My presentation was specifically on Order Sphenisciformes (penguins).

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Order Sphenisciformes

  1. 1. Order Sphenisciformes<br />“Penguins”<br />
  2. 2. Background Info.<br />Classification<br />Class: Aves<br />Subclass: Neornithes<br />“True Birds”<br />Order: Sphenisciformes<br />Family<br />Spheniscinae<br />17 species, sometimes 18<br />
  3. 3. Penguin Species<br />Emperor, Aptenodytes forsteri<br />King, Aptenodytes patagonicus<br />Adélie, Pygoscelis adeliae<br />Gentoo, Pygoscelis papua<br />Chinstrap, Pygoscelis antarctica<br />Rockhopper, Eudyptes chrysocome<br />Macaroni, Eudyptes chrysolophus<br />Royal, Eudyptes schlegeli<br />Fiordland crested, Eudyptes pachyrhynchus<br />Erect-crested, Eudyptes sclateri<br />Snares Island, Eudyptes robustus<br />Yellow-eyed, Megadyptes antipodes<br />Fairy (also known as little blue), Eudyptula minor<br />Magellanic, Spheniscus magellanicus<br />Humboldt, Spheniscus humboldti<br />African (formerly known as black-footed), Spheniscus demersus<br />Galápagos, Spheniscus mendiculus<br />**18th Species: <br />white-flippered form of the Fairy Penguin, Eudyptula albosignata<br />
  4. 4. Order Characteristics<br />Flightless<br />Wings used as paddles<br />Short legs w/ fleshy toes<br />Excellent swimmers & divers<br />Colors:<br />Black<br />Gray<br />White<br />Yellow<br />Gregarious<br />Located in Southern Hemisphere<br />Every Continent<br />Temperate & sub-antarctic islands<br />
  5. 5. Adélie Penguin<br />Pygoscelis adeliae<br />Named after French explorer’s wife<br />Smallest penguins<br />Large colonies<br />2.5 million breeding pairs<br />Don’t drink water<br />
  6. 6. Adélie Description<br />Stiff-tailed w/ long feathers<br />White belly w/black head & back<br />White ring around eyes<br />Feathers cover beak<br />Powerful swimmers<br />Sled down hills on belly<br />
  7. 7. Adélie Habitat & Diet<br />Antarctic & surrounding islands<br />38 colonies<br />Over 5 million<br />Spend winters offshore<br />Carnivores<br />Krill<br />Fish<br />Squid<br />Diet varies<br />Travel 185 mi for food<br />
  8. 8. Adélie Reproduction<br />Breeding - October<br />Build nests using smalls stones<br />Sometimes steal rocks from neighbor<br />Female lays 2 eggs<br />Parents take turns incubating<br />Make chick chase & catch them for food<br />Common for one of the two chicks to survive<br />Fastest growing chicks<br />
  9. 9. Adélie Routine<br />Fledging<br />Chick rearing<br />Egg Laying<br />Molting<br />Settlement<br />Migration<br />

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