504 neuroscience

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504 neuroscience

  1. 1. Neuroscience PowerPoint<br />By: Liz Solomon<br />
  2. 2. Exterior View<br />
  3. 3. Interior View<br />
  4. 4. What are the lobes associated with?<br />This lobe is critical to reading because it allows you to imagine what the story is about. This is a huge part of reading and of comprehension. <br />This is essential to those who are blind. They read with their sense of touch. <br />Corpus Callosum- Consists primarily of fibers that connect both hemispheres together. This allows the two hemispheres to communicate. <br />This is essential to reading. Vision is huge in reading the words as well as helping the students to visualize the story.<br />This lobe is crucial to reading because it coincides with your memory as well as the language. <br />Memory is essential in listening to and understanding stories. You need to remember what has happened in the story in order to understand the story itself. <br />
  5. 5. Pineal gland- This has to do with sleeping. When signaled by the Hypothalamus it will secrete Melatonin. Sleep is essential to learning. You have to be real rested in order to learn. <br />Thalamus- This has to do with touch. This is essential for those who are blind. Blind people read by touch. <br />Hypothalamus- It regulates body temperature, hunger, thirst, blood pressure, sleeping, waking and urination. These are the basics and are needed for life. This can be affected by reading as well. Hunger and thirst can change when you read about food or water. <br />RAS- It has many important roles such as sleep and waking, behavioral motivation, breathing, and the beating of the heart. Having motivation is essential to learning any material. You have to want to learn it. Also it is extremely hard to learn when you are sleep deprived or do not have the fundamental basics to focus or concentrate. <br />Pituitary gland- secretes growth hormone and controls the action of other glands. This is essential because as we grow and mature, so does our learning and knowledge. <br />Hippocampus- Integrates sensory information and coincides with your short term memory. This is essential to reading. You must know what just happened in the story in order to continue to comprehend the story. <br />Amygdala-  It integrates the senses and links emotions with sensory inputs. When reading this helps you to feel emotions such as sadness, happiness and fear. <br />
  6. 6. Cerebellum- It controls posture, balance and coordination. It also has to do with storing some types of memory. This is extremely important to the development of a person as well as with language. Reading takes a lot of coordination as does language. It takes time to be able to read and speak while doing other things as well. Memory is crucial to reading. It is essential to know what you have read in order to comprehend the story as well as to understand the rest of the book. <br />
  7. 7. Motor Cortex- the region of the cerebral cortex influencing movements of the face, neck and trunk, and arm and leg. This has to do with the movement of the eyes. This is essential to reading. It would be extremely difficult to be exposed to language as well as read it if we didn’t have voluntary movement of the eyes. <br />Somatosensory Cortex- This is where the sensory signals are sent. These include vision hearing, taste, smell and the equilibrium. Vision and hearing are critical to the development of language. You need to be able to hear it or you will never know how to make those sounds yourself. Vision is really important also. It is important to be able to read the words as well. However, many deaf and blind people are able to read and understand the language. <br />Neocortex- This is responsible for higher level thinking. This is in regards to language, memory and complex thoughts. This is a huge part of reading. It is important to be able to connect thoughts as well as infer things that happen. This requires higher level thinking. <br />
  8. 8. Summary<br /> After looking at all of the different parts of the brain, I was amazed to see how many parts had to do with language development and literacy skills. All parts play an important role. For example The Occipital lobe, Parietal lobe, Cerebellum, and Limbic System have to do with the fundamentals. These are about posture, coordination, seeing, hearing, touch, sleep, heart rate, hunger, thirst, and more. These as basics as they sound are essential to learning and language. Sight and hearing are fundamentals of learning the language. However, some people without one of these are able to learn the language. Then there are the Frontal Lobe, Limbic System, and Neocortex. These all have to do with the memory. This plays a huge role. It is essential to know and understand what you are reading or hearing. You must be able to remember those words and meanings. It is also essential to reading a story. It is critical that you remember what has happened in the story as well as the characters in order to understand the story. All the parts of the brain come together in order to help us survive and learn. It is amazing how it all works and how important all of the parts are. <br />
  9. 9. Sources for images<br />-http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://scienceblogs.com/thoughtfulanimal/2010/06/29/motor%2520somato.jpg&imgrefurl=http://scienceblogs.com/thoughtfulanimal/2010/07/zombies_ate_my_brain.php&usg=__Ynii8vBwL2_aSi8Gr8G69TGC1Xc=&h=290&w=379&sz=23&hl=en&start=21&zoom=1&tbnid=8ycD_26Kxm9ZPM:&tbnh=116&tbnw=151&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmotor%2Bcortex%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26hs%3DcHF%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26biw%3D1263%26bih%3D574%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C252&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=458&vpy=271&dur=1372&hovh=196&hovw=257&tx=126&ty=168&ei=HDTXTNreLougsQPA_JWNCw&oei=6zPXTKeDFIu6sQOZ7cmGCw&esq=2&page=2&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:21&biw=1263&bih=574<br />-http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.knutsford-scibar.co.uk/webimages/brain1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.knutsford-scibar.co.uk/previousscibardiscussions.htm&usg=__3NBNXVe_byTpNH9de3n0nBVZqQQ=&h=326&w=324&sz=21&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=1IdkHJo8JnkN3M:&tbnh=128&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbrain%2Bimages%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26biw%3D1263%26bih%3D574%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C23&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=745&vpy=72&dur=20&hovh=225&hovw=224&tx=146&ty=85&ei=ATrXTNbcL5OosAPdmeyGCw&oei=ATrXTNbcL5OosAPdmeyGCw&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0&biw=1263&bih=574-http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://thjuland.tripod.com/9/brain-limbic.jpg&imgrefurl=http://thjuland.tripod.com/scan-01.html&usg=__A-_kq8Y_yRubPbwkrVKFQDEkGis=&h=293&w=328&sz=105&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=48MUZB1iQKarYM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=142&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dinterior%2Bbrain%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26biw%3D1263%26bih%3D574%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=476&vpy=101&dur=1564&hovh=212&hovw=238&tx=89&ty=158&ei=NzrXTKasCoj2swOM77mGCw&oei=NzrXTKasCoj2swOM77mGCw&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0<br />

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