Historical perspectivePortfolio is widely used formany yearsLate 80’s interest in portfoliosfor assessment(Belanoff and Dickson 1991)
Definitions – main characteristicsThey are collections ofwork, different from a single timedimpromptu essay or a class essaycarried out over a semester.They are purposeful in that they“demonstrate”, “exhibit” or provide“evidence” of“achievement”, “improvement”, “thewriter’s self reflection”, “the writingprocess” and “the writer’s growth”.
“collection of student work thatdemonstrates achievement orimprovement” (Stiggins 1994)“a portfolio is a collection ofevidence that is gathered togetherto show a person’s learning journeyover time and to demonstrate theirabilities” (Butler 2006)
portfolios are “…preparedwith a particular audience inmind”, “…are selective” and“call for judgments”(Calfee and Freedman 1996)
1. A portfolio is a form of assessment that students do together with their teachers.2. A portfolio represents a selection of what the students believe are best included from among the possible collection of things related to the concept being studied.
3. A portfolio provides samples of the student’s work which show growth over time.4. The criteria for selecting and assessing the portfolio contents must be clear to the teacher and the students at the outset of the process.
1. Portfolio assessment matches assessment to teaching.2. Portfolio assessment has clear goals. They are decided on at the beginning of instruction and are clear to teacher and students.
3. Portfolio assessment gives aprofile of learner abilities in termsof depth, breadth and growth.4. Portfolio assessment is a toolfor assessing a variety of skills notnormally testable in a singlesetting for traditional testing.
5. Portfolio assessment develops awareness of own learning by the students.6. Portfolio assessment caters to individuals in a heterogeneous class.
7. Portfolio assessment develop social skills. Students interact with other students in the development of their own portfolio.8. Portfolio assessment promotes independent and active learners.
9. Portfolio assessment can improve motivation for learning and thus achievement.10. Portfolio assessment provides opportunity for student-teacher dialogue.
The use of the portfolio Documentation Showcasing Growth Evaluation