Modals

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Modals

  1. 1. The boy can play baseball. The teacher can teach.
  2. 2. I can make you laugh, choose me. I wish you would not fight for me. I would like to be your valentine.
  3. 3. Modals Modals or Modal Auxiliaries are used with other verbs to express special meanings.
  4. 4. Modals are of different kinds: Modal Use Example can •implies the ability to do something •The child can play the violin. •asking/giving permission •Can I take this? Yes, you can.
  5. 5. Modal could Use •implies past ability •implies possibility •making requests •asking/giving permission •expresses unreal condition Example •He could do the trapeze. •It could rain tonight. •Could you mail the letter please? •Could I go now? Yes, you could. •If he had the money, he could buy that car.
  6. 6. Modal could have could not have Use Example •expresses •He could have escaped opportunity to do death if he wanted to. something but failed •Indicates situation not possible to happen because of the existence of another situation •The girl you saw at the theater could not have been Sonia as she was with me at the hospital.
  7. 7. Modal Use Example may •asking/giving permission •expresses wish •expresses doubt •Ma’am, may I go out? Yes, you may. •May your trip be pleasant! •He may come, although I don’t think he will. •The patient may walk again soon. •expresses possibility •Expresses purpose •Expresses guess/conjecture •She works hard that she may help her parents. •Melba may come early.
  8. 8. Modal Use Example might •expresses guess/conjecture •She might come early. may have/ might have should •expresses conjecture •The letter you sent about a past may have/might situation have been lost on transit, I didn’t receive it. •Expresses obligation, •Children should be duty polite.
  9. 9. Modal Use Example would •expresses polite request •expresses unreal condition •Would you turn on the air conditioner? would like •expresses polite request •expresses unreal condition •If I were the judge, I would convict them. •Would you like some ice cream and apple pie?
  10. 10. Modal Use Example would like to •means the same as want or desire •I would like to see “Miss Saigon.” would •expresses preference •The girl would rather . . . or choice rather read a book than than attend a party. must •indicates strong/absolute obligation •We must obey the school rules and regulations.
  11. 11. Modal Use Example must be •expresses a deduction about a situation in the present Situation: The beggar has not eaten for three days. Deduction: He must be starving
  12. 12. Modal Use Example must have •expresses a deduction about past situation Situation: The streets were flooded this morning. Deduction: It must have rained all night.
  13. 13. Modal ought to have has to had had better (usually used in contraction ‘d better) } Use Example •denotes obligation •You ought to tell the truth. •You have to study to pass. •expresses necessity •Luis has to support himself. •I had to leave early. •I’d better find out if there is still an available seat for tomorrow's flight. •implies sense of obligation
  14. 14. Modal Use Example hope •implies greater possibility •I hope to see you soon. wish •indicates something not very sure •I wish you were here. Am to •implies an arrangement or agreement •I am to wait for you here.
  15. 15. Modal let Use Example •denotes wish denotes a suggestion means allow •Let it rain. •Let us go together. •Mother lets me go to parties.
  16. 16. Prepared by: Ms. Liza B. Javier Grade 7 Student Teacher Mrs. Lulu Canezo Critic Teacher/ English Teacher

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