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Adult learning principles and facilitation


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Adult learning principles and facilitation

  1. 1. Train the TrainerAdult Learning Principles and Facilitation
  2. 2. Characteristics of Adult Learners  Self-directing  Experience becomes foundation and resource in learning  Readiness to learn oriented to developmental tasks of social roles  Need to see immediate application of knowledge  Internal motivators
  3. 3. Assumptions about Adult Learners1. Adults need to know why, what, and how they will learn2. Adults need to learn experientially3. Adults approach learning as problem- solving4. Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value.5. Adults view learning as an active process in the construction of meaning
  4. 4. Laws of Learning Doing Effect Exercise Primacy
  5. 5. How we Learn-Auditory, Visual,Kinesthetic We learn: We Remember: 1% through taste 10% of what we read 1.5% through touch 20% of what we hear 3.5% through smell 30% of what we see 11% through 50% of what we see hearing and hear 83% through sight 80% of what we say 90% of what we say as we act
  6. 6. 9 Principles of Adult Learning R Recency A Appropriateness M Motivation P Primacy 2 2 – way communication F Feedback A Active Learning M Multi-sense learning E Exercise
  7. 7. Methods of InstructionTelling 70% recall 3 hrs 10% recall 3 daysShowing 72% recall 3 hrs 20% recall 3 daysShow & Tell 85% recall 3 hrs 65% recall 3 days
  8. 8. Adult Learners are goal-oriented and opportunity driven Use their experience to help out their learning Learn best in informal, pleasant environments
  9. 9. Our Role as TrainersExpert Transmits information about a subject to an audience Planner Designs or plans the learning experience or the learning environment
  10. 10. Our Role as TrainersInstructor Guides or directs the learning situation often telling the student what to do Facilitator Responds to the students needs and lends guidance and support
  11. 11. Our Role as TrainersResource Person Provides materials and information to the studentsModel Role Models or influences behavior and values Co-Learner Learns along side the student. Mutually plans the learning goals
  12. 12. Effective Facilitation Establish a comfortable learning environment Develop and manage participation Deliver a clear and concise message Elicit feedback
  13. 13. Resources: Name of Web Page URLSeven Characteristics of Highly Adult Learning Programs htmlTeaching Adults: Is it Different? Skillful use of questions in adultsLearning to Learn Site Tips Index FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/teachtip.htmOn line training manual Learning Principles g_principles.htmUsing Adult Learning Principles in Basic and Literacy EducationAdult Learning Online
  14. 14. Resources: Evidence-Based Name of Web Page URLMedlinePlus Guide to Healthy Web surfing.htmlEvidence-Based Education dfs/guidelines.pdfHealthLinks University of nalSearching Cinahl: Nursing andAllied HealthWelcome to Evidence-Based An InterprofessionalTutorialNGC-National Guideline
  15. 15. Let’s Practice!