By Lisa Weston
Kelly Springs Elementary
The movement toward inclusion has impacted
classrooms by requiring teachers to respond to
a broader range of academic needs. How can
we possibly reach all the students in our
classrooms when they are academically
diverse, have special needs, are English as a
Second Language (ESL) learners, or have
some combination of any or all of these
The answer to this question is …….
All kids are different.
One size does not fit all.
Differentiation provides all students with access to all
Content Process Product
According to Students’
Teachers Can Differentiate
Adapted from The Differentiated Classroom: Responding to the Needs of All Learners (Tomlinson, 1999).
When a teacher tries to teach
something to the entire class at the
same time, chances are, one-third of
the kids already know it; one-third will
get it, and the remaining third won’t.
So two-thirds of the children are
wasting their time.
Use of computers/Programs
Assessment & Diagnosis
Use of the Internet/Learning centers
Graduated Task- Product-Rubrics
Use of Multiple Texts and Supplementary Materials
Doesn’t Fit All
When Can Tiered Instruction Be
Used when the teacher wants all
students to focus on the same essential
ideas and key skills. Used to provide
students with different learning needs a
route to reach the essential ideas and
key skills while being appropriately
What Can Be Tiered?
What are the steps for tiered
There are 5 major organizational points to tiered
1. Choose a concept that students should know or
understand and whether to tier according to readiness,
interest, or learning profile.
2. Assess student's profile, readiness, and interest.
3. Create an activity or project that is clearly focused on
4. Adjust the activity to provide different levels of
5. Match students to appropriate tiered assignment.
When are anchor activities used?
to begin the day
when students complete an assignment
when students are stuck and waiting for help
Types of anchor activities
DEAR Time - Silent Reading
Journal Writing or Learning Logs
Math “Problem of the Day”
What are anchor activities?
specified ongoing activities on which students work
ongoing assignments that students can work on throughout
In many classrooms, students work on routine activities
like journal writing, vocabulary activities and spelling.
These types of activities can used as "Anchor Activities"
that are options for students after assigned work is
complete. The goal is to have students moving
independently from one assignment to another without
needing teacher direction.
Anchor activities can be posted within the classroom in a
variety of ways. Simply listing the activities on a chart or
chalkboard is one method. Below are additional methods
of presentation used by teachers
Examples of Anchor Activities
“In this class, we are
never finished. Learning
is a process that never
Carol Ann Tomlinson
Thank you for your time and attention. Please let
me know HOW I can help you ! Lisa