public speaking


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in this presentation including the pubblic speaking, mainly in our speaking we are including, check the matter, language and style.... when how to draft a speach and what are the content

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public speaking

  3. 3. Why Speak in Public ? The ability to speak in front of audience is considered as a sign of Self-confidence. 3
  4. 4. The unique features of this presentation is the tips given here are time tested over 25 years among youth 4
  5. 5. Public Speaking • Matter • Language • Style INTRODUCTION 5
  6. 6. Public Speaking • #1 • Start with a proper GREETING to the judges and audience Matter 6
  7. 7. Public Speaking • #2 • ORGANISE your speech into three basic parts • Attractive - INTRODUCTION • Meaningful - MAIN SPEECH • Clear & Crisp - CONCLUSION Matter 7
  8. 8. Public Speaking • #3 • MAKE the introduction BRIEF but ATTENTION GATHERING Matter 8
  9. 9. Public Speaking • #4 • OPEN your speech with any one of the three techniques : • Quotation • Example • Definition Matter 9
  10. 10. Public Speaking • #5 • MAKE NO more than THREE major points in a three minutes speech Matter 10
  11. 11. Public Speaking • #6 • STRUCTURE the points as under • a) MAKE a single & clear statement of your point • b) ELABORATE the point in few sentences • c) Give one or two examples to support the point Matter 11
  12. 12. Public Speaking • #7 • BALANCE the points to consider all aspects of situation. Matter 12
  13. 13. Public Speaking • #8 • MOVE from one point to another LOGICALLY & SMOOTHLY Matter 13
  14. 14. Public Speaking • #9 • END with a word of thanks. Matter 14
  15. 15. Public SpeakingLANGUAGE #10 • AVOID grammatical faults LANGUAGE 15
  16. 16. Public Speaking • #11 • USE correct pronunciation LANGUAGE 16
  17. 17. Public Speaking • #12 • CREATE word pictures • Example - say : “My friend Ram”, instead of “a friend” • Say : “It is hard as maths to me” , not weakly “it is hard” LANGUAGE 17
  18. 18. Public Speaking • #13 • SPEAK fluently LANGUAGE 18
  19. 19. Public Speaking • #14 • AVOID : • Use of big words to show off jargon, slang LANGUAGE 19
  20. 20. Public Speaking- STYLE • #15 • TAKE a good look at the audience, judges and the arrangements while you are waiting for your turn to speak. STYLE 20
  21. 21. Public Speaking • #16 • WALK at your normal pace to the dais / speaker podium when called to speak STYLE 21
  22. 22. Public Speaking • #17 • STAND erect, but not stiff STYLE 22
  23. 23. Public Speaking • #18 • LOOK at judges, audience and take a deep breath. STYLE 23
  24. 24. Public Speaking • #19 • SMILE at the most friendly face (pretty / handsome one) you can see in the audience - if you prefer ! Now begin speaking. STYLE 24
  25. 25. Public Speaking • #20 • KEEP your voice at a level that suits the size of the audience and the hall / room STYLE 25
  26. 26. Public Speaking • #21 • SPEAK at your natural speed (like when you talk to your friends or at home) STYLE 26
  27. 27. Public Speaking • #22 • LOOK at different sections of the audience once in a while. (Don’t stare at someone or a particular object in the room) STYLE 27
  28. 28. Public Speaking • #23 • ALLOW your hands the natural gestures they are used to, while you speak. STYLE 28
  29. 29. Public Speaking • #24 • After you finish your speech pause briefly, take a couple of steps back and then RETURN to your seat. STYLE 29
  30. 30. Business presentation
  31. 31. Business • Business is all about selling -- a product, topic or concept. • When making a business presentation, the most important thing is to know your material. • If you do not know everything about what you are selling, it is not likely that the audience will be buying.
  32. 32. Tips for making the business presentation effectively • • • • • • • • • Use Key Phrases About Your Topic Slide Layout is Important limit Punctuation and Avoid All Capital Letters Avoid Fancy Fonts Use contrasting colors for text and background Limit the no of slides Use Slide Designs Effectively Use photos,charts ,graphs Avoid Excessive Use of Slide Transitions and Animations
  33. 33. Use key phrases about your topic • Presenters use key phrases and include only limited information • Not use more than three bullets per slide • Limit the no of words on each screen
  34. 34. Slide layout is important • Make the slides simple • Phrases should read left to right and top to bottom
  35. 35. Limit punctuation and capital letters • Punctuation can clutter the slide • Caps statements difficult to understand
  36. 36. Avoid fancy fonts • Choose a font that is simple and easy • Use two different fonts for topic and content
  37. 37. Use slide design effectively • Appropriate theme or templates • Make the presentations with full of colors • Variety of shapes can also be included in slides
  38. 38. Limit the no of slides • keeping the number of slides to a minimum, ensures that the presentation will not become too long and drawn out. • It also avoids the problem of continually changing slides during the presentation that can be a distraction to your audience. • On average, one slide per minute is about right.
  39. 39. Use photos,charts,pictures • Combining photos, charts and graphs and even embedding digitized videos with text, will add variety and keep your audience interested in the presentation. • Avoid having text only slides.
  40. 40. Avoid excessive use of slides transitions and animations • While transitions and animations can heighten your audience’s interest in the presentation, too much of a good thing can distract them from what you are saying • Keep animations consistent in the presentation by using animation schemes and apply the same transition throughout the presentation.
  41. 41. Make Sure Your Presentation Can Run On Any Computer • Use PowerPoint's Package for CD (PowerPoint 2007 and 2003) or Pack and Go (PowerPoint 2000 and before) feature when burning your presentation onto a CD
  43. 43. Using Outlines • Outline provides a framework • Contains your main ideas • Shows how main ideas relate to one another and support your thesis.
  44. 44. Working Outline • Rough draft of your speech • Work in progress • Will move to a formal outline
  45. 45. Formal Outline • Uses a specific format • Provides a clear structure to a speech
  46. 46. The Basic Structure of a Speech All speeches contain at least three parts: An Introduction A Body A conclusion In the Introduction, you state the topic of your speech. You tell the audience the main points of your speech. In other words, you say what you are going to speak about. In the Body, you speak about each point in detail. For each point you must give the audience some evidence or information that will help explain and support each point. The Body is the longest of the three parts. In the Conclusion, you should summarise the main points of your speech, and emphasise what you want the audience to remember. Matter 51
  47. 47. 1. Introduction What is the topic of your speech? Why should the audience listen to your speech ? What will your main points be? 2. The body What are your main points and ideas (sub-topics)? What is your supporting evidence and information (sub-sub-topics)? 3. The conclusion What were the main main points of your speech, and what do you want the audience to remember? Matter 52
  48. 48. Principles of outlining • There are specific rules and principles to follow when constructing an outline • These rules are based on the use of standard symbols and format • Outlines either include full sentences, or keyword statements
  49. 49. Standard Symbols • A speech outline uses the following symbols: I. Main point (Roman Numeral) A. Subpoint (capital letter) 1. Sub-subpoint (standard number) a. Sub-subsubpoint (lowercase letter) ***The major divisions of the speech—introduction, body and conclusion—are not given symbols
  50. 50. The rule of division • Main points and subpoints always represent a division of the whole • you always have to have at least two main points for each topic ***Never a I. without a II., or a 1. without a 2., or an A. without a B.
  51. 51. Remember: • The ideal number of main points is three to five • The ideal number of subpoints is also three to five • Each point should include only one idea
  52. 52. Five steps of the motivated sequence: I. II. III. IV. V. - Attention Step The Need Step The Satisfaction Step The Visualization Step The Action Step
  53. 53. Using Transitions • Transitions- keep your message moving forward • Take place when moving to a new main point
  54. 54. Transitions perform the following functions: • Relate introduction to the body of the speech • Relate one main point to the next main point
  55. 55. conclusion public speaking skill • matter • Language • Style
  56. 56. Business presentation To make the business presenatation effectively some tips should be followed • Use Key Phrases About Your Topic • Slide Layout is Important • limit Punctuation and Avoid All Capital Letters • Avoid Fancy Fonts • Use contrasting colors for text and background • Limit the no of slides • Use Slide Designs Effectively • Use photos,charts ,graphs • Avoid Excessive Use of Slide Transitions and Animations
  57. 57. In conclusion • It is clear that a formal outline is an important element in constructing a successful speech • Transitions are used to help guide listeners smoothly from one point to the next
  58. 58. THE END 63