Diversion Based Irrigation              Initiatives in Orissa                     A PRADAN’s Experiences….12/21/12
Background:•   Possible reasons for rural agrarian economy but traditional and subsistence farming are:           Undulat...
Project locations10 districts of Orissa, WB, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and MP
Achievements• 44 schemes were executed to benefit 1,280  families in very poor regions• Irrigation potential created: 491h...
Impact & Achievement:Sl.      Team           No of     No of           Area        Area      AreaNo                      S...
          Execute 26 DBI schemes benefiting 516 no. of families through           irrigation in 158.4ha of land in Kharif...
          Drudgery on women in carrying water is minimized. (Saving time           resulted in quality life.)          V...
Case Study-1•       Sapita dandia of Digipadi village of Jay maa Sontoshi SHG belongs to a middle class family,•       She...
Case study-2 (Lemarpadar)                   •The middle family have bank account but not saving•   Before:        •In Self...
Livelihood    •  Before:-    •  The village main source income was agriculture, most family having 2 acre land    •  But d...
Benefits                  Before Intervention                              After Intervention    Salai         Kharif     ...
Benefits                    Before Intervention                               After InterventionLAXMAN(Mundag  uda)       ...
Innovations:             In - situ water conservation structures like Polythene line             tank in the command area...
Challenges: Repair and replacement of damaged pipes covering the lands of all the HH in the scheme Addressing internal ...
Leveraging for DBIFund:• NREGA• OTELP• IAP• ATMASupport:• Preferences for DBI under MI schemes12/21/12
Way forward…. • Many more such initiatives to saturate irrigation potential in     the plateau and hilly regions • With pr...
Drip irrigation            Diversion weir12/21/12   Polythene line tank   Pipe based gravity flow irrigation
OTELP Team visiting Mundaguda  Household drinking water connection12/21/12                                  Mango plantati...
Household water tap in Kilupada   Brinjal in ShrambhukiaBottle gourd in Digipadi             Cauliflower in Mayurbhanj
SRI with Azolla in Digipadi DBI site of                                                   Use of marker in SRI in Kandhama...
Bathroom and tank in the DBI scheme of   Training on organic product preparationRayagada                     Polyhouse nur...
Thank                             You…   PRADAN (Professional Assistance for development Action)           “enable rural p...
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PRADAN

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  • 12/21/12
  • PRADAN

    1. 1. Diversion Based Irrigation Initiatives in Orissa A PRADAN’s Experiences….12/21/12
    2. 2. Background:• Possible reasons for rural agrarian economy but traditional and subsistence farming are:  Undulating and hilly terrain with high rainfall causes soil erosion  Drought in many parts of the area due to less storage, high runoff and poor land and water management practices.  Rain-fed and monocropped agriculture• About 60% of the geographical area is under agriculture and Irrigation coverage is between 20 to 30% of the net sown area, possible reasons are:  Limited scope for large and medium irrigation projects  Diesel engine based lift irrigation is prohibitive for poor  Electricity-based systems are not feasible due to erratic supply of electricity in rural area• Untapped seasonal and perennial streams has many dispersed sites for diverting stream water for irrigation purpose.• DBI came out as a tested and replicable technology which has a huge potential of scaling up in different developmental and Govt. run programmes.12/21/12
    3. 3. Project locations10 districts of Orissa, WB, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and MP
    4. 4. Achievements• 44 schemes were executed to benefit 1,280 families in very poor regions• Irrigation potential created: 491ha in kharif and 218ha in rabi Assumption v/s actual Assumption Actual Kharif command area per 20ha 11ha site Rabi command area per 10ha 5ha site Families per site 40-50 3012/21/12
    5. 5. Impact & Achievement:Sl. Team No of No of Area Area AreaNo Schemes Beneficiaries covered covered covered in in Kharif in Rabi Zaid (Ha) (Ha) (Ha)1 Baliguda 3 145 19.2 10 4.52 Bhawanipatna 1 32 7.2 3 03 Keonjhar 8 154 70 30 164 Mayurbhanj 9 112 46.5 23 125 Rayagada 5 73 15.5 7.5 4 Total 26 516 158.4 73.5 36.5 12/21/12
    6. 6.  Execute 26 DBI schemes benefiting 516 no. of families through irrigation in 158.4ha of land in Khariff , 73.5 ha of land in Rabi and 36.5ha in Zaid in 5 districts of Odisha. Introduction of advanced cropping practices (HYV, Intercropping, IPM etc. ) in the command area resulted in enhancing the crop yield Formation of 3Water Users’ Association (WUA) for management and monitoring. Empowered rural community with enhanced ability to deal with the mainstream Reduction of distressed migration from the project villages. (Continues.....)12/21/12
    7. 7.  Drudgery on women in carrying water is minimized. (Saving time resulted in quality life.) Villages has attracted other Government projects because of the scheme. Villagers are now practicing two crops in a year. Shift from traditional cereal crops to cash crops. Brings unity and mutual help among the community. Enhanced skill level among people in pipe fitting and maintenance of the system12/21/12
    8. 8. Case Study-1• Sapita dandia of Digipadi village of Jay maa Sontoshi SHG belongs to a middle class family,• She was good farmer but due to lack of assured irrigation for vegetable cultivation, she was not getting any desired income• In 2009-10 flow irrigation installed in their village and investment was around Rs16,000• she constructed a 30 x 40 model on her up land with the help of INRM under MGNREGA. The up landed measured 50 decimals..• The data speaks: Sl No Types of vegetable Amount 1 Brinjal Rs. 10000 2 Tomato Rs. 25000 3 Beans Rs. 10000 4 Bitter gourd Rs. 17000 5 Potato Rs. 2000 6 Pea Rs. 4000 7 Total Rs. 68000• she purchased a new agriculture land and got her daughter married and repaid the loan at SBI.12/21/12
    9. 9. Case study-2 (Lemarpadar) •The middle family have bank account but not saving• Before: •In Self help group not saving properly •family kept mortgaged their land to sahookar during the time of marriage, health problem and festival. Family had not returned their land because of the high interest of the loan. •Youth people were migrated to Dellhi, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar etc. •The middle and rich families are saving• Rs. 5000 to Rs. 7000 in respective bank After:- account •Women members are regularly saving in SHG and Jaya Maa sontoshi self help group have taken loan Rs. 50000 from the SBI for Tentuli business. Implementation of Poor Middle Well off •Youth migration reduced and also land the project Before Rs. 15000 Rs. 30000 Rs.50000 mortgaged. After Rs.28000 Rs. 45000 Rs. 65000 •Five to ten families have started making12/21/12 their new house
    10. 10. Livelihood • Before:- • The village main source income was agriculture, most family having 2 acre land • But due to poor access to irrigation system (during the time of paddy flowering), which was giving less agriculture production, so that they always depended on NTFP and labour. After:- • After flow implementation, the project has putting the people towards agriculture and vegetable cultivation, to using the technical method as SRI • 4 Poly house nursery are constructed and the owners got around Rs 5000 income in one season by selling vegetable seedlingsSL No Traditional SRIBefore 1050 kg NAAfter 1500 kg 2100 kgSL No Verity crops& Before 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 SRI1 SRI 0 15 40 602 Brinjal 3 8 15 253 Tomato 2 6 11 204 Potato 4 9 20 355 Pea 3 5 30 456 Beans 0 4 10 15 12/21/12
    11. 11. Benefits Before Intervention After Intervention Salai Kharif Rabi Kharif Rabi Summer Veg (20 2 No Up Land: Finger dec), Rs bags- Cro 0.8 Acre Millet Rest 11,000 1Qn p Millet Vegetables (15 Creepe dec), Rest Given SRI Rs.8000 r in 10 Plan to the Land less paddy dec for cultivation Medium 2 No (30 Finger 6q Land: 0.5 bags- Cro dec), Millet paddy Acre 1Qn p Rest Finger MilletSalai Busy in Preparing her Salai –Busy in weeding her Salai watching her Cauliflower fieldNursery bed for Rabi Crops Newly formed SRI Field with other SHG memebrs
    12. 12. Benefits Before Intervention After InterventionLAXMAN(Mundag uda) Kharif Rabi Kharif Rabi Summer tomatoUp Land: No Crop cultivation Rs 90000.9Acre in 25 dec Brinjal SRI (20dec), Rs1300 Vegitable 3 Qtl paddy rest are Plan paddy(25 0 in 10 dec Medium and Potato planning dec), andLand:1.05 Paddy 55 Kg No Crop not potato in Acre harvested Post kharif yet (30 dec) Laxman –Busy in Laxman in his potato fliedweeding his Newly Brinjal in Rabi season formed SRI Field
    13. 13. Innovations: In - situ water conservation structures like Polythene line tank in the command area. Drip-irrigation by connecting with flow irrigation. Bucket and drum water kit with flow irrigation. 2 Hydraulic Ram installed in 2 sites of Balliguda. Household water connection in 6 villages (About 200 HH)12/21/12
    14. 14. Challenges: Repair and replacement of damaged pipes covering the lands of all the HH in the scheme Addressing internal conflicts resulting from ownership andpipe laying issuesProactive schemes to cater such projects in the needy areasProviding quality drinking water and sanitation model to allthe HH of the village12/21/12
    15. 15. Leveraging for DBIFund:• NREGA• OTELP• IAP• ATMASupport:• Preferences for DBI under MI schemes12/21/12
    16. 16. Way forward…. • Many more such initiatives to saturate irrigation potential in the plateau and hilly regions • With proper head difference hydroelectricity can also be generated as pico-micro hydroelectricity project • Influening major policies to include DBI as a irrigation project at central and state level12/21/12
    17. 17. Drip irrigation Diversion weir12/21/12 Polythene line tank Pipe based gravity flow irrigation
    18. 18. OTELP Team visiting Mundaguda Household drinking water connection12/21/12 Mango plantation in a 30x40 model ptch
    19. 19. Household water tap in Kilupada Brinjal in ShrambhukiaBottle gourd in Digipadi Cauliflower in Mayurbhanj
    20. 20. SRI with Azolla in Digipadi DBI site of Use of marker in SRI in KandhamalKandhamal Staking in Tomato in Keonjhar
    21. 21. Bathroom and tank in the DBI scheme of Training on organic product preparationRayagada Polyhouse nursery
    22. 22. Thank You… PRADAN (Professional Assistance for development Action) “enable rural poor by impacting their12/21/12 livelihood”

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