Diversion Based Irrigation Supported by SDTT MumbaiIndian Grameen Services, BASIX Bihar
Context• In Gaya district - ahar & pines & diversion based irrigation have almostgone defunct making people dependent on either rain or extraction ofgroundwater using diesel pumps.•If there is no rain during the critical stage in paddy crop majority offarmers in the villages are not able to save their paddy by providing livesaving irrigation.•The average food security in the project villages (9) is less than threemonths per year per household and there is semi permanent topermanent migration up to 32%.•Belamordhi village is having a potential to address the water issues forag. – since one broken masonry structure on perennial river exists. Thiscould help assured irrigation in paddy for 375 hectares of land andapprox 150 hectares in rabi crops viz; vegetables, wheat.•There is no institutional mechanisms to revive and address the waterdistribution system as well as revival of the broken structure.
Technical Details• Catchment Area 8000 Ha• Rainfall : 1000mm• River Name Jamunai (perineal River)• Length of maximum length of travel from remotest point (L) 16000 meter• Difference in head between remotest point and the point of disposal (H) 24 meter• Peak Discharge (Q) 194.814 m3/Sec• Cost of the Dam is Rs 23,52,998
Objective• Conservation, regeneration and judicious use and management of water and land• Help small and marginal farmers benefited by the project to adopt new packages of practices such as System of Rice Intensification (SRI), and vegetable cultivation so as to enhance household income substantially.• Set up grassroots level institutions and Federation for proper management of water and natural resources and deal with them.• Set up an equitable water distribution system and profit sharing mechanism for all people in the village.• Provision of technical support for allied activities e.g fisheries
Process•Listing of total acreage per village per farmer whichwill be irrigated by the structure•Approval of the finalized list•Formation of SHGs: 26•10% security deposit of financial assistance isrequired before construction of structure starts•Wali bandh mahasangh•Loan process documentation•Traditional Water distribution cycle is collected andwill be adopted for water distribution.
Institutional Structure..• SHG at village level – SHGs of water users formed in all 9 villages and all loan proceedings will be followed with SHG groups only.• Krishak Sabha at village level – conflicts at village level and water management issues.• Federation of krishak sabha : – directly responsible for financial assistance and repayment/contribution to/from the SHG members – overall management of the structure and water usage
S.No Village Name Panchayat Block Land 10% Contri Collection in Use (Kattha)1 Nishkha Jhikatia Some Basic Information….. Bodh Gaya 3987 88910.1 610532 • Name of Beneficiaries Village: Garibchak Kachori Sherghati 66.5 1482.95 14833 Punadih Jhitakia Bodh Gaya 385 8585.5 85854 Mubarakpur Jhitakia Bodh Gaya 259 5775.7 57715 Mehedipur Bela Sherghati 1232 27696.6 206646 Sri Sahanichak Mor Mardana Bodh Gaya 1425 31777.5 231467 Sahanu Mor Mardana Bodh Gaya 1162 25912.6 164458 Bela Bela Sherghati 605 13491.5 09 Vishnu Bigha Jhitakia Bodh Gaya 1609 35880.7 24018Total 10730.5 239513.15 161166
Present Status• No of SHG formed are 26• No of Krishak Sabha formed are 9 – male members• One Federation in the name of Wali Bandh Mahasangh formed• Total SHG Savings: 35000 Rs• Mapping and Plotting was done• Continuous Group Training (3 days) done to all groups• Bank account of federation is opened in Bank of India, Gaya• Nukar Natak were organised in the villages for the importance of contribution and need.• Water distribution system identified & developed• Loan Document• Construction of the Dam Started
Challenges• Proper Identification of Land was the major challenges - As the large farmer show the less land compared to small farmer• Farmers having land nearer to channel does not show interest compared to tail end farmers• As there was also challenge that the farmer is in the village, but the family is outside or not alive, so how to distribute the loan to the groups.
Future Strategy……• Exposure visit of the Federation members in Pali, to know more about the water distribution• Crop Planning• After construction of Dam, water distribution is according to the crop and recovery will be on the crop basis.• Also this is the revolving fund for the federation so there should be proper utilization, or for the enhancement of their livelihood.• Insurance of the DBI structure
Risk Control Mechanism• Technical feasibility of diversion based irrigation structure is ensured by civil engineer and validated by SDO Gaya.• Realization of actual benefit from revival of diversion based irrigation structure by community• Ownership & responsibility of community towards DBI structure: Willingness of the community to take the loan to revive to structure and agreed to deposit cash security @ 10% of investment• The repayment of loan will be made by the women water user groups (SHG)• Maintenance and management will be looked after by the federation of krishak sabha of the male members so the equitable participation and responsibility lies with all
Risk Control Mechanism• SSS is the local NGO having a strong community mobilization skill and presence will help in effective dissemination of information and concept among the community.• Traditional water distribution channel already exist and lies in government land and hence there is no issue of conflict.• Exploring the possibility to insure the DBI structure• Ensuring proper crop planning
Risk Control Mechanism• There are other villages which are not getting any benefited because it lies at the upstream side so the project will construct bridge for smooth connectivity to the other village as their land lies on the other side of the river (Jamuna River).
SDTT Visitor Mr. Viswanath Sinha visited the site and havinggroup interaction on 10th Nov 2010