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The Phantoms of the Mechanical Turk

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The Phantoms of the Mechanical Turk

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This presentation/paper will try to have a look behind at the hidden labour behind AIs and the challenges of using them ethically in a future full of mechanical turk phantoms.

This presentation/paper will try to have a look behind at the hidden labour behind AIs and the challenges of using them ethically in a future full of mechanical turk phantoms.

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The Phantoms of the Mechanical Turk

  1. 1. TheMechanical TurkPhantoms “Archives, Access & Artificial Intelligence” London 15-17 January 2020 Liviu Pop The Folklore Archive of the Romanian Academy Photo by Franck V. on Unsplash
  2. 2. TheTurk(1770-1854) For a more detailed depicton please access: https://romantic-circles.org/gallery/chess-player Human pretending to be a machine Baron Wolfgang von Kempelen (1769)
  3. 3. TheTurk(1770-1854) For a more detailed depicton please access: https://romantic-circles.org/gallery/chess-player First algorithm solved by (fake) AI The knight's tour
  4. 4. Year2018 Sold as a an artificial intelligence- powered virtual assistant Google Duplex calls in your name
  5. 5. Year2018 Sold as a an artificial intelligence- powered virtual assistant Google Duplex calls in your name In other words, Duplex, which Google first showed off last year as a technological marvel using A.I., is still largely operated by humans. While A.I. services like Google’s are meant to help us, their part-machine, part-human approach could contribute to a mounting problem: the struggle to decipher the real from the fake, from bogus reviews and online disinformation to bots posing as people. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/22/ technology/personaltech/ai-google- duplex.html
  6. 6. Year2014 Sold as a Virtual Assistant AI Alexa on dedicated devices
  7. 7. Year2014 Sold as a Virtual Assistant AI Alexa on dedicated devices Amazon.com Inc. employs thousands of people around the world to help improve the Alexa digital assistant powering its line of Echo speakers. The team listens to voice recordings captured in Echo owners’ homes and offices. The recordings are transcribed, annotated and then fed back into the software as part of an effort to eliminate gaps in Alexa’s understanding of human speech and help it better respond to commands.  https://www.bloomberg.com/news/ articles/2019-04-10/is-anyone-listening- to-you-on-alexa-a-global-team-reviews- audio
  8. 8. Year2011 First wide spread voice assistant Siri on iPhone 4
  9. 9. Year2011 First wide spread voice assistant Siri on iPhone 4 Although Apple does not explicitly disclose it in its consumer-facing privacy documentation, a small proportion of Siri recordings are passed on to contractors working for the company around the world. They are tasked with grading the responses on a variety of factors, including whether the activation of the voice assistant was deliberate or accidental, whether the query was something Siri could be expected to help with and whether Siri’s response was appropriate. https://www.theguardian.com/ technology/2019/jul/26/apple- contractors-regularly-hear-confidential- details-on-siri-recordings#maincontent
  10. 10. "SomethingShe CalledaFever" Carolyn Steedman
  11. 11. Year2364 Data meets his evil brother Star Trek Season 1 Episode 13 (1988)
  12. 12. Year2029 Cyborgs as puppets Ghost in the Shell (1995)
  13. 13. ROBOTA(1960s) Funny robots,robots mimicking humans Stanislaw Lem (1921-2006)
  14. 14. Inthefuture Human transferred into a machine Metropolis (1927)
  15. 15. Tipu'sTiger(1780s-1790s) Automaton attacking a fake human Comissioned by the Tipu Sultan https://www.vam.ac.uk/articles/tipus-tiger
  16. 16. TheMonk(1560) For a more detailed depicton please access: https://americanhistory.si.edu/ collections/search/object/ nmah_855351 A monk that prays Built for Charles V of Spain
  17. 17. TheGolem A creature created from clay and written words Jewish folklore Rabbi Judah Loew of Prague (known as the Maharal; 1525-1609) https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/golem/
  18. 18. Year2367 Data meets his creator after he is summoned. Star Trek Season 4 Episode 3 (1990)
  19. 19. Year2367 Data becames himself again. Star Trek Season 4 Episode 3 (1990)
  20. 20. Year2367 Data meets his creator after he is summoned. Star Trek Season 4 Episode 3 (1990)Mirrors mirrors Year1927/2364 Are we in the same golem paradigm?
  21. 21. Thankyou @liviu_pop

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