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Theme 2


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Theme 2

  1. 1. Big History Joseph M. Kooiker History 140 Professor Arguello
  2. 2.  The Roman Empire stretched from the British Isles to India under Alexander the Great  It lasted until after the conversion of Emperor Constantine to Christianity  The Roman Empire split into four sections  Constantinople became the capitol of the Eastern section of the Roman Empire and remained as such until it was conquered by the Muslims and became Istanbul
  3. 3.  The Spanish spread their empire because they believed their religion demanded it  The Spanish sent people to the New World in search of silver and gold  As they went in search of gold and riches they tried to convert many of the Indians they came into contact with  This would later bring about the destruction of the Aztec and Incan empires in the New World
  4. 4.  Another one of the major empires to have spread through the world was the British Empire  The British Empire spread because of the need to gain resources  This quest for resources also was one of the motivators for the starting of the slave trade  The British Empire was one of the first countries to abolish the slave trade but not slavery  Religion and Geography are some of the main drivers for the expansion of empires
  5. 5.  Eurasian people have conquered many different peoples  Eurasian people have also been able to survive through many diseases  Most of the triumphs of humans have been discovered throughout the European and Asian continents
  6. 6.  This progress of the Eurasian people is due to the availability of hearty foods which could be gotten from domesticating plants and animals  The availability of flax to make clothing also provided for protection from the elements  The exchange of diseases also allowed the Eurasian people to become immune to many diseases which would decimate other populations  The spread of diseases allowed the Eurasians to control many of their conquered nations
  7. 7.  Geography allowed for the creating of small empires within Eurasia  Most other continents and their peoples have been conquered by Eurasians  The small centralized governments established in Eurasia allowed for the creation of military and military innovation which allowed these groups to take over and conquer other nations  These dominant powers have been China and Western Europe  The British were able to expand their empire to India  The Romans were able to occupy from the British Isles, Africa, and all the way to India
  8. 8.  Some of the first written recording of slavery were in the Muslim world and throughout many other cultures  In Europe, slavery moved from being the slavery of the Roman empire to the serfdom of Medieval Europe  While in Africa, large groups of people were being captured for doing some of the world’s most demeaning tasks  As European countries began to expand, the sat up colonies in the Holy Land after many Crusades
  9. 9.  After Columbus discovered the New World, the new plantations of sugar, tobacco, and other cash crops  Many of the Native inhabitants of the New World were brought into the plantations of the European colonist  The Indian populations didn’t last very long on the plantations because they were not immune to many illnesses so black slaves were brought in by the hundreds to work the plantations  The English were one of the first of the colonists to abolish the slave trade but not slavery  Slavery would not be abolished from American culture until the Civil War