LiveWall Outdoor Product Guide


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LiveWall Outdoor Product Guide

  1. 1. OUTDOOR ® Exterior Vertical Greening Systems That Work From the makers of LiveRoof ® PATENTS PENDING: U.S., Canada, China, EU, and Other Countries BRAND BRAND ance al Mainten rk Minim n to Wo and Prove
  2. 2. ® Who We Are We are horticultural product developers and career plant growers who seek to positively change the world with the unique applications of plants. What We Believe We believe that to do planted walls right, planted walls must first and foremost grow healthy plants, and therefore must parallel nature. We believe that our planted wall system must provide the greatest long term owner value and enjoyment. We believe in teamwork and open/honest communication. We believe in efficiency, consistency, and great service. We believe in doing what is right. What We Do We strive to improve the world by restoring the balance between green spaces and hard spaces. We bring the beauty and joy of plants into people's lives in a manner that preserves time and freedom, and brings happiness. We do what we believe, and treat others how we would like to be treated. 2 Horticulturist David S. MacKenzie President, LiveWall, LLC For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  3. 3. Why Living Walls? Beautiful: Colorful, Fragrant Wellness: Clean Air, Comfort, Peace, Tranquility Inspire: Creativity, Productivity, Energy Produce: Vegetables, Herbs, Flowers Save & Conserve: Habitat, Energy Why ? Almost Effortless Automatic Watering Healthy Plants: Parallels Nature Proven Performance Happy Owners Because it Truly Works Copyright 2013 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email 3
  4. 4. “The financial paybacks with LiveWall are attractive ... if you grow herbs, small fruits and vegetables, it can pay for itself in a season or two. It's probably the most cost-effective way to brand a commercial building. And, it can save a significant amount on the utility bill, summer or winter. In some cases, there may be municipal tax credits or grants for conservation or education. Financial benefits matter, but what really strikes me is the pleasure that people derive from interacting with LiveWall. People seem to connect with it on an emotional level. It seems to bring great joy." Dave Mackenzie LiveWall, LLC LiveWall® Benefits Financial Benefits Energy Conservation The evapotranspirative effects of the plants and the growing medium can reduce indoor temperatures significantly during warm/hot weather, and can reduce air conditioning costs 35-50% when used on E, S, and W walls simultaneously. This not only allows for ongoing cost savings but an initial reduction in the size of the required air conditioning equipment. Likewise a covering of plants and soil offers insulative benefits during the heating season. Fresh fruits bles, small ith vegeta greens w and leafy over and g no bendin ding. o wee n Branding / Marketing There may be no better or more cost-effective way to visually demonstrate (and teach) environmental commitment than with a living wall. Walls are visible and act as a living testament (billboard) to a person's or orgaznization's committment to environmental stewardship. Urban Farming The potential to grow herbs and vegetables on the side of buildings, fences, and mobile screens expands their usefulness into the arena of urban farming. This can be applied on any scale, ranging from personal to commercial. When applied to enterprises such as restaurants, culinary schools, and institutions, such enterprises can use the produce to reduce costs and to provide nutritious herbs and vegetables from a surface that previously performed no such function. The amount of food that a given wall can produce is determined by square footage, climate, light exposure, and the particular plant material under cultivation. In any event, a vegetated wall epitomizes the opportunity for creative use of vertical urban space. Gardening with LiveWall requires no rototilling, hoeing, weeding, or bending, and problems with snails, slugs, rabbits and squirrels tend not to exist. 4 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  5. 5. Benefits Educational Benefits The LiveWall system can be used in the classroom (general science, botany, culinary arts, horticulture, nutrition and sociology) to teach children and adults the principles of plant growth, food production, and the relationship between food and culture. Aesthetic Benefits Planted walls can be a unique and dynamic form of artistic expression – no different than a mural or painting – but in this case, plants are used as the paint. Environmental Urban Heat Island Mitigation The urban heat island effect is the temperature difference between urban areas and their rural surroundings. The temperature differential causes air currents and dust, and even contributes to violent weather events within urban settings. Green wall vegetation helps by cooling the air, slowing air movement, and acting as a substrate for pollution to settle out and detoxify. Noise Reduction Plants, soil, and air trapped in the soil are acoustic insulators. Planted living walls can dampen and reduce noise, which is of great benefit to occupants of buildings affected by airports, industry, trains and traffic. Habitat Restoration Plants and soil help recreate habitat for butterflies, insects, and songbirds. Health Benefits Mood and Perception All plants, including LiveWall plants, have been proven to affect feelings. Colors such as red, orange, and yellow evoke feelings of warmth and energy. A palette of pastels creates a calming sense, and blue, purple and green are known to be both calming and refreshing. Conversely, sweeps of strongly contrasting colors stimulate energy and feelings of excitement. 5 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  6. 6. Evolution of a Green Wall System That Works The Challenge of Growing Plants Vertically LiveWall® was developed out of necessity. As horticultural professionals, we would have been content to grow in any effective preexisting planted living wall system. So, during 2007, in answer to customer requests for a planted wall system, we went about testing a number of existing planted wall systems. In each case we found the systems to be complicated to install, plant, and maintain. Worse yet, even tough, disease and insect resistant plants (e.g., daylilies, hostas, sedums, and alliums) became sick and insect ridden. Such plants tended to remain unhealthy no matter what we tried in terms of fertility, pruning, or irrigation. This led us to ask “Why”? Our Solution Once we became wise to what was happening we took a step back and asked the question, “What does the plant need?” The answer was simple: vertical orientation and water from above, like rain—essentially what comes from nature. So, we went about developing a planted wall solution that gives the plants natural, vertical orientation, and water that comes from above, like rain. And, it worked, and the plants grow strong and healthy. Our Findings Honestly, we don’t know what goes on physiologically when a plant is forced to grow sideways. Clearly it imposes some element of stress—perhaps not unlike when a person becomes bedridden, and begins to develop other maladies from being horizontal for too long. The other aspect of this is the concept of irrigating through a column of soil, and here we have an opinion that may be more empirical. We’ve observed, repeatedly, that in order to water plants through the “trickle down” method, one must deliver a great deal of water to the top tier plants. This leaches nutrients from the soil and causes the soil to become waterlogged and oxygen depleted—which in turn induces fungal and bacterial diseases, which ultimately move downward in the water stream, which appears to infect other plants. It doesn’t take long, and the plants become sickened, and often die out, particularly following the winter months. LiveWall really works, and in all climates. It grows healthy plants. It's almost effortless! LiveWall offers freedom of lifestyle. It is easy and automatic. Maintenance is minimal compared to other systems. It grows healthy, colorful plants and is almost effortless! 6 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  7. 7. The Difference In developing the LiveWall® system, our goal was to create a system that was Simple, Effective, Attractive, Instant, and most of all, Effective at Growing Healthy Plants. LiveWall is simple and effective; first we attach the aluminum VertiRails® (furring tracks) to the house or building. These allow for ventilation and provide a surface to attach the RainRails®. The RainRails do two things; they hold the WallTer® wall planters, and because the RainRails are hollow, they act as a pipe to convey the irrigation water to the mist nozzles which provide water in rainlike fashion to the plants and soil (like the misters in the produce section at the grocery store). To make it even simpler, we designed the WallTer inserts, which are the plant containers that go inside of the WallTer wall-planters. This way, you can choose to have instant gratification with pregrown nursery plants, which can be dropped into the WallTers in mature condition. S and Mounting System/Irrigation Conduit S T T inserts are installed into Planted wall planters for an instantly green and functional LiveWall installation ® T ® Infrastructure Ready for Wall Planter Modules ® T ® Modular Wall Planters with soil and plant-holding WallTer inserts 7 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  8. 8. Functional Simplicity in 8 Easy Steps STEP 1 STEP Fasten VertiRail Aluminum furring tracks to the building. These are not needed for most fence applications. 2 Attach bottom H-Rail, then with the aid of GapTools, space and attach RainRails. NOTE: Installer chooses and sources proper anchors for attachment of VertiRail® Furring Tracks to building wall system. S Bottom H-Rail STEP 5 Install facing material (supplied by contractor) to HideAway brackets. Wood or metal facing material STEP 6 Insert WallTer wall planter modules into RainRails and affix with limiting screws if desired. T ® Wall Planters Guide to Installing LiveWall furnished with each order 8 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  9. 9. SIMPLE. STEP EFFECTIVE. nly Requires o s of te 1 to 2 minu r day. e STEP irrigation p 3 Hook up the irrigation feed to the RainRails with LiveWall® SlipFit LightBlock fittings. Then, test irrigation. ATTRACTIVE. INSTANT. 4 Attach HideAway irrigation chase concealment brackets. SlipFit Brackets STEP 7 STEP Plant WallTer inserts and drop them in for instant visual and functional benefits. 8 Irrigation Fittings Watered ally! automatic Water new plants thoroughly and begin to enjoy your new LiveWall System. STEP 8" and 16" T ® Inserts 3 In most outdoor applications, 1 or 2 minutes of automatic irrigation per day is plenty. and may be viewed and downloaded online at 9 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  10. 10. May 24 May 24 3 hours later sy Simple, ea ly d absolute an flexible. This perennial-planted wall required only 15 man hours of maintenance in 2013 and did not lose a single plant. 10 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  11. 11. Natural Function The patented LiveWall® system is the only planted living wall system that uses the unique RainRail® mounting system, WallTer® planting modules, and pre-vegetated WallTer Inserts. This allows for horizontal soil orientation and naturally oriented* vertical plant growth. June 11 *LiveWall functions like nature, and this leads to long lived healthy plants. Natural Beauty LiveWall WallTer wall planters are attractive in any season and are offered in seven colors. In concert with endless combinations of plant material, the LiveWall system will draw attention to your project for the right reasons; year-round architectural interest, seasonal beauty of healthy plant materials, and a unique interface with the building’s own architecture. July 10 11 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  12. 12. Imagine the possibilities when using annuals, perennials or a combination of the two on any scale project. July 27 10 Days After Planting July 17 Day of Planting July 17 Day of Planting 12 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  13. 13. Sit back and enjoy the beauty. Annual plants like these will last an entire season. 13 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  14. 14. "I'd just like to say (and this is a good problem to have), the herbs are growing faster than I can use them. I am exploring every possible way to utilize this more expansively on a day to day basis." Head Chef, Aaron Shapiro Grand Pines Assisted Living Center 14 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  15. 15. “Because LiveRoof is designed to give the plants what they need, it works exceptionally well. Most plants actually grow better in LiveWall than in the ground, and with proper plant selection, we can even grow perennials in our harsh Chicagoland climate.” Steve Neuman, LiveRoof Sales Rep. for IL, WI 15 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  16. 16. Components and Accessories With our complete package of LiveWall® components and accessories, every LiveWall installation is simple and successful. VertiRail Furring Tracks The VertiRail™ Aluminum Furring Tracks are attached to the wall, on spacing of 16-24 inches, with appropriate anchors, as determined by the installer, architect or engineer, so as to be compatible with the building’s structure, envelope, and any existing siding. VertiRails must be mounted in a vertical manner and, when needed, shimmed with appropriately sized nylon shims. Once the VertiRails are in place, they are ready to accept the H-Rail and the RainRails. RainRail Mounting System/Irrigation Conduit The aluminum RainRail™ horizontal mounting tracks are uniquely designed to be both the mounting rails and the irrigation conduit. These come in 8 foot lengths, and arrive pre-drilled and threaded for irrigation nozzles. RainRails may be cut on-site to custom lengths of 16" increments. They may be joined together with SlipFit connectors to create runs up to 64 feet per irrigation zone. GapTool Once the bottom H-Rail, is in place, the installer need not level or measure to accurately place the remainder of the RainRails. He simply plugs two GapTools™ into the slot of the bottom rail, sets the next rail on top of the GapTools, then attaches the RainRail to the VertiRail™ furring brackets. The process is repeated until all RainRails are in place. Not only do the GapTools set the correct gap between RainRails, they act as a carpenter’s helper and hold the RainRails in place while they are being fastened. GapTool Spacer Tool SlipFit and LightBlock Fittings SlipFit Fittings 16 Light-Block Fittings and Pipe For simple easy installation, LiveWall® utilizes double o-ring SlipFit couplers and connectors that slide in place and are retained with a simple set screw. Our Light-Block no-glue fittings and pipe make installation very fast. For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  17. 17. Components and Accessories T ® Wall Planters The WallTers® (wall planters) hold the inserts (which hold the soil and plants). They are decorative, made of special automotive grade recycled plastic, and come in 2 sizes; standard, which has a 6 inch tall planter box and is vertically spaced on 12 inch centers, and large, which has an 8 inch tall planter box and is vertically spaced on 16 inch centers. Both systems cost the same per square foot—the differences are as follows: Standard WallTer: Recommended for plantings of succulents, annuals, vegetables and herbs, and most perennial plantings. Traditional look, comes in full length (16") and half length (8”), which allows for “brick-like” pattern. There are seven color options. Standard WallTer Color options: black, cool gray, cedar, beige, sage, wheat and salsa. Darker colors will tend to lighten with time and exposure. 16" 6" Standard WallTer 16" 12" Standard WallTer 8" Large WallTer: Recommended for plantings of tropical plants and large perennials, such as grasses and vines. Contemporary look, comes in full length (16") only. Comes in four colors; black, sand, platinum and sage. In either case, the WallTers make planting and replating easy. They slide right in and can be secured with a limiting screw, making them resistant to theft and wind. T ® 8" 16" Large WallTer16" Inserts WallTer inserts are filled with soil and plants, and drop into the WallTer modules. WallTer inserts uniquely allow for offsite growing at a nursery, if desired. That way, when they are installed, the wall becomes instantly mature. Designed for installations of higher than two stories, or sites that are wind challenged, WindClip is a security measure against uplift forces that can be created when wind hits the side of a building. Brackets WindClip Concealment Our HideAway™ brackets are designed to allow the installer to conceal the irrigation chase with a flashing or siding material that is complementary to the building’s architecture. 17 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  18. 18. on Fences and Railings The LiveWall system can be applied to fences and railings too, and can make them so much more interesting and attractive. Typical applications involve planting with perennials or annuals for beauty, or with herbs and vegetables for harvest. Vegetated fences are wonderful for defining property borders and privacy screening, and create green space that is highly visible and easy to maintain. Uses: • • • • • • • Privacy screening Border definition Seasonal/Perennial color Vertical vegetable gardening Glare reduction Sound dampening Cooling June 1 ork living artw Grow with or edibles fort minimal ef June 20 18 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  19. 19. Water-conservin g; requires only 1 to 2 minutes of irriga tion per day (automatic ally). 19 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  20. 20. How Does Compare? The LiveWall® system is different than other planted wall systems. Its benefits include a better aesthetic presentation, instant vegetation, substantially lower maintenance, elimination of soil erosion, standardized installation procedures, expertly engineered soil and plant selections, choice of color, durable components, and the pride and peace-of-mind in knowing the project will be successful. With these advantages, LiveWall represents the best value in planted wall systems. LiveWall Brings a Multitude of Advantages LiveWall System Other Systems Grows Healthy Plants Yes Sometimes Modular Yes Sometimes Removable Module Yes No Natural Root Orientation Yes Angled Natural Stem Orientation Yes Bent Natural Soil Orientation Yes Sometimes Instantly Mature Yes Sometimes Easy to Replant Yes No Easy to Install Yes Variable to Difficult Broad Plant Palette Yes Often Limited Light Weight Yes Variable Integrated Irrigation System Yes No Air Flow Behind System Yes Variable Maximum LEED Points Yes Variable Support Staff Yes Variable Reasonable Installed Cost Yes Variable Predictable Maintenance Cost Yes Variable High Overall Value Yes Variable Looks Nice Out-of-Season Yes No Available in Designer Colors Yes No Can use Granular or Liquid Fertilizer Yes No LiveWall with TopSide™ Techology: • • • • • Does not lose soil to erosion. Irrigated at every row (tier). Easy to water and fertilize. Allows for easy plant replacement. Optimal design and vegetative flexibility. Conventional Planted Wall Systems: • • • • • May lose soil to erosion. Require top to bottom water flow, posing plant health issues due to disease transfer. Require time consuming assembly. Require high maintenance irrigation systems, adding complexity, clutter, and cost. Do not allow for easy plant replacement. 20 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  21. 21. Plants for LiveWall grows beautiful annuals, perennials, herbs and vegetables, tropicals (often used indoors) and succulents. The following pages detail the various planting options. 21 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  22. 22. Perennial Plants for Cold Winter Locations Perennial plants are those that live indefinitely. Each year they awaken from winter dormancy, grow and flower, and then go dormant again the following winter. They inhabit virtually all climates and bring a wealth of plant diversity, color, and texture. Hostas and daylilies are popular perennial plants. A very broad palette of perennials can be used in the LiveWall system, and which plants perform best in a given area is a factor of climate and exposure (wind, sun, shade, etc.). In one location, e.g. southern California, the biggest challenge may be summer’s heat, while in Chicago it may be winter’s cold. Keep in mind that most perennials will eventually become root-bound after approximately 3 - 5 years. As perennials become root-bound, they will require more water and fertilizer as their roots gradually replace the soil in the WallTer® inserts. In time they will need to be removed, divided, and replanted (the exception being the succulents, which typically have sparse root systems). How long a perennial lasts will be a factor of the particular plant, its root characteristics, and climate. WallTer Size: The standard size (6 in. deep) WallTers are typically used with perennials. The large size can be used for tall perennials or grasses. Recommended Soil: Because perennials, in a container, are expected to last 3 to 5 years before they become root bound and in need of dividing, you will want to use a soil that can last for a relatively long period of time before decomposing. LiveWall, LLC offers a perennial soil mix, which we can provide. However, many people prefer to source their soil locally, and for those people, we recommend a good quality perennial mix—preferably formulated with composted pine bark, peat , and a long lasting porous mineral component such as perlite. Perennials for Sunny South or West Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Allium robust cultivars Bergenia species Calamintha nepeta Campanula robust cultivars such as 'Blue Orb' Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb' Geranium macrorrhizum cultivars Geranium sanguineum cultivars Hemerocallis small and mid size cultivars Juniperus horizontalis Lamium maculatum cultivars Liatris spicata 'Kobold' Nepeta x faassenii cultivars Salvia nemorosa cultivars Saponaria ocymoides Sedums - large, robust forms (Also refer to Sedum and Succulent listing) Stachys byzantina ‘Big Ears’ COMMON NAME Ornamental Chive Bergenia Calamint Savory Bellflowers ‘Zagreb’ Coreopsis Bigroot Geranium Hardy Geranium Daylilies Horizontal Juniper Spotted Dead Nettle ‘Kobold’ Spike Gayfeather Catmint Cultivars Sage Cultivars Soapwort Sedum ‘Big Ears’ Betony 22 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  23. 23. Perennials for Cold Winter Locations r h font popotos s. See tion d descriptions of pla an Ornamental Grasses for Sunny South or West Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Calamagrostis acutiflora cultivars Calamagrostis arundinacea var. brachytricha Carex pennsylvanica Sesleria autumnalis COMMON NAME Feather Reed Grass Fall Blooming Feather Reed Grass Pennsylvania Sedge Autumn Moor Grass Eco-Turf for Sunny South or West Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Buchloe dactyloides Legacy® and Prestige® COMMON NAME Buffalo Grass Perennials for Shaded North or East Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Astilbe cultivars Bergenia species and cultivars Carex pennsylvanica Epimedium robust cultivars Geranium macrorrhizum cultivars Heuchera robust cultivars Hosta medium size cultivars Lamiastrum galeobdolon 'Herman's Pride' Lamiastrum galeobdolon 'Variegatum' Tiarella trailing cultivars COMMON NAME Astilbe cultivars Bergenia Pennsylvania Sedge Epimedium Bigroot Geranium Coral Bells Hosta ‘Herman’s Pride’ Dead Nettle Trailing Dead Nettle Foamflower Ferns for Shady Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Athyrium angustum 'Lady in Red' Athyrium filix-femina Athyrium nipponicum 'Pictum' Dryopteris erythrosora COMMON NAME ‘Lady in Red’ Lady Fern Lady Fern Japanese Painted Fern Japanese Sword Fern 23 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  24. 24. Perennials for Warm Winter Locations Perennials for Sunny South or West Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Agastache Bidens ferulifolia Cuphea cultivars Echinacea Eryngium leavenworthii Felicia amelloides Gaura Geranium species and cultivars Salvia species and cultivars Santolina virens Setcreasea Verbena cultivars Vinca major COMMON NAME Mexican Hyssop Golden Showers Bidens Mexican heather Purple Coneflower Eryngo Blue Marguerite Wand Flower Geranium species and cultivars Sage Green Santolina Purple Heart Vervain Vinca Vine Perennials for Shady North Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME Begonia species and cultivars Chlorophytum Heuchera robust cultivars Tiarella trailing forms Vinca major COMMON NAME Begonia species and cultivars Spider Plant Coral Bells robust cultivars Foamflower Vinca Vine 24 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  25. 25. Sedums and Succulents Sedums and succulents are typically perennial plants that are adapted to storing water, like Cacti. They usually have very sparse root systems. It is their sparse root systems which allow them to be very long term growers in containers, and certain varieties may never become root-bound or require dividing. They are often very colorful, and their only limitation is that they tend to be plants for the sun, and therefore are usually used on the south and west facing walls of the building. The exceptions occur in warm climate regions where there are more options for shade tolerant succulents. WallTer Size: The standard size (6 in. deep) WallTers are used for sedums and other succulents. Recommended Soil: Because Sedums and succulents tend to have sparse roots and may never become root-bound, they have the potential to last for decades. If your intent is to grow them for a few years, then you can use the same type of soil you would use for growing perennials. If you’re thinking long term, i.e. decades, then you will need a mineral rich soil which will maintain its volume over time. Essentially you need an “alpine mix”, which is the type of soil that would be used on green roofs or in rock gardens. LiveRoof, LLC formulates such a mix, and if your local supplier can not meet the needs for such a soil mix, we can help out—either by supplying it, or perhaps making a recommendation to a local soil formulator. Sedums and Succulents for Cold Winter Locations For Sunny South or West Facing Walls (May Tolerate East Facing Walls) SCIENTIFIC NAME Sedum aizoon 'Euphorbioides' Sedum kamtschaticum 'Takahira Dake' Sedum spectabile cultivars Sedum takesimense cultivars Sedum x 'Vera Jameson' COMMON NAME Euphorbia Leaved Sedum 'Takahira Dake' Sedum Tall Sedum ‘Gold Carpet’ Sedum 'Vera Jameson' Sedum to for phpotiosns. See Liv riptions of plant o and desc 25 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  26. 26. Sedums and Succulents for Warm Winter Locations For Sunny South or West Facing Walls (May Tolerate East Facing Walls) SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Aeonium Pinwheel Anacampseros rufescens Anacampseros Aptenia cordifolia Aptenia Bromeliad species Bromeliad Cephalophyllum Ice Plant Chasmatophyllum masculinum Tiger’s Jaws Crassula species Crassula species Drosanthemum Dewflower Dudleya species Sea Lettuce and others Echeveria species Echeveria Graptopetalum species Jewel Leaf and others Haworthia Haworthia Kalanchoe Air Plant Lampranthus Vygie Portulaca Moss Rose Sedum dendroideum Tree Sedum Sedum morganianum Burro’s Tail Sedum Sedum rubrotinctum Jelly Bean Sedum Senecio Senecio species 26 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  27. 27. Annual Plants for hotos See LiveWall.complant poptions. and descriptions of Annuals germinate, grow, flower, seed, and die during the course of a single growing season. The down side, of course, is that they die after one season. But this is offset by a wealth of benefits; annuals bloom tremendously and repeatedly all season. They are superior for floral display and are highly attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Some are fragrant, but all are colorful and fast growing. They also tend to be inexpensive and almost maintenance free—because they are removed and composted every year. With annuals in the LiveWall® system you can literally transform your building every year! You can choose pink wave petunias this year and purple the next, and you can do it with minimal effort and cost. Similarly, you can have colorful geometric patterns, sweeps of color, a montage of color combinations, logos, and the like. The sky is the limit when it comes to color creativity. Included in the list of annuals are many “temperennials.” The term temperennial refers to a tropical perennial that is used in a cold climate for seasonal color. In locations with warm winters, such plants are perennial, but when used in cool climates they function as annuals and die at the end of the season (from frost). WallTer Size: The standard size (6 in. deep) WallTers are used with annuals Recommended Soil: Annuals and vegetables require an organically rich lightweight potting soil, and there are many great products available locally. Such well known brands as Scotts, Miracle Grow, and SunGro all make outstanding mixes for annual plants. LiveRoof, LLC also offers a quality annual soil-mix. The key is to choose a lightweight mix formulated with peat or coconut coir and a light weight mineral aggregate such as perlite to ensure proper drainage. Many mixes come with a starter charge of fertilizer, but such fertilizer should be supplemented with a topdress of long lasting slow release fertilizer, such as Osmocote, or injection of a high quality liquid fertilizer such as Jacks or Miracle Gro. Annuals for Sunny South or West Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Abutilon megapotamicum Trailing Abutilon Agapanthus Agapanthus Ageratum Ageratum Alternanthera Joseph's Coat, Calico Plant Angelonia Angel Flower Arctotis African Daisy Argyranthemum Marguerite Daisy Asclepias curassavica Bloodflower Asparagus densiflorus Asparagus Fern Bassia scoparia Summer Cypress Beta ‘Bright Lights’ ‘Bright Lights’ Swiss Chard Bidens ferulifolia Golden Showers Bidens Brassica oleracea Flowering Kale Calibrachoa cultivars Million Bells, Superbells Capsicum annuum Ornamental Pepper Celosia cultivars Cockscomb Centaurea cyanus Bachelor’s Button, Cornflower Coleus Coleus–Sun tolerant varieties Cuphea llavea Cuphea Cuphea rosea Mexican Heather Felicia amelloides ‘Variegata’ Blue Marguerite 27 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  28. 28. Annuals for Sunny South or West Facing Walls, cont. SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Gerbera jamesonii Gerbera Daisy  Hedychium Ginger Lily        Helichrysum bracteatum Strawflower Helichrysum petiolare Licorice Plant Heliotropium Heliotrope Impatiens 'New Guinea' New Guinea Impatiens–Sun tolerant cultivars Ipomoea batatas Ornamental Sweet Potato Vine Iresine lindenii Blood Leaf Lantana Creeping Lantana Laurentia                                     Blue Stars Lablab purpureus Hyacinth Bean Lotus berthelstii Lotus Vine Lobelia erinus Trailing Lobelia Mandevilla Mandevilla Nemesia strumosa Nemesia Nierembergia Nierembergia Osteospermum Cape Daisy Oxalis vulcanicola Oxalis Pelargonium graveolens Scented Geranium Pelargonium x hortorum     Zonal Geranium Pelargonium x hybrida     Annual Geranium Pelargonium peltatum Ivy Geranium Pennisetum setaceum Fountain Grass      Pentas                                        False Coleus Perilla Perilla Petchoa Petunia x calibrachoa Petunia cultivars Petunia Plectranthus Swedish Ivy Portulaca grandiflora Moss Rose Ranunculus asiaticus Ranunculus, Persian Buttercups Salvia cultivars Annual Sage Scaevola aemula Fan Flower Senecio cineraria Dusty Miller Setcreasea pallida Purple Heart     Solenostemon Coleus Tagetes cultivars Marigold Torenia fournieri Wishbone flower Verbena cultivars Verbena Vinca major Vinca Vine Viola Pansy Zinnia elegans Zinnia 28 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  29. 29. Annuals for Shady North Facing Walls SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Alternanthera Joseph’s Coat, Calico Plant Begonia boliviensis Bonfire Begonia Begonia coccinea Angel Wing Begonia Browallia Browallia Caladium bicolor Caladium Chlorophytum                             Spider Plant Fuchsia                 Fuchsia Impatiens, SunPatiens SunPatiens Impatiens                                              Trailing Lobelia Lobelia erinus Solenostemon Coleus Stromanthe                                 Triostar Torenia fournieri Wishbone Flower Annuals for Partial or Dappled Shade (Morning Sun with Afternoon Shade) SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME Ageratum Floss Flower Begonia Tuberous Begonia Centaurea Bachelor’s Button Dianthus Pinks Fuschia Fuschia Helichrysum petiolare Licorice Plant, Licorice Impatiens Impatiens (most types) Ipomoea batatas Ornamental Sweet Potato Mimulus hybridus Monkey Flower Nicotiana alata Flowering Tobacco Nemophila Baby Blue Eyes Pelargonium peltatum Ivy Geranium Perilla Perilla Plectranthus Swedish Ivy Salvia farinacea                           Sage   Scaveola Fan Flower Setcreasea                                  Purple Heart Solenostemon Coleus Strobilanthes                              Persian Shield Tropaeolum Nasturtium Viola Pansy to for pohpotiosns. See L nd descriptions of plant a 29 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  30. 30. Growing Herbs in LiveWall Herbs are culinary plants, mostly used for seasoning, and tend to be very easy to grow. Some of them are perennial and others annual, and some are quite cold resistant. Some herbs are used for medicinal purposes and many are highly fragrant. The fabulous thing about growing herbs in a LiveWall® application is that their use is so convenient. For the most part they can be cultivated without the typical weed problems that exist in a traditional garden situation. And, their harvest is simple and convenient, without any back bending labor; one simply trims them with a pair of scissors as they are needed. It is even possible to use them on a home or commercial scale to economic benefit; for example, when a homeowner needs fresh herbs, she simply walks out to her LiveWall (or fence or screen) and harvests them. On a commercial scale, a restaurant can cover its walls in herbs and use them for its own kitchen while at the same time creating a unique visual signature for marketing, and a truly unique ambiance for its patrons. WallTer Size: Typically the standard size (6” deep) WallTers are used for herbs. Recommended Soil: Herbs typically grow very well in an organically rich light weight potting soil, and there are many great products on the market. Such well known brands as Scotts, Miracle Grow, and SunGro all make outstanding bagged mixes that will do a great job of growing herbs. LiveRoof, LLC also offers a quality herb soil-mix for resale. The key is to choose a lightweight mix formulated with peat or coconut coir and a mineral aggregate such as perlite to insure proper drainage. Many mixes come with a starter charge of fertilizer, but such fertilizer should be supplemented with a topdress of long lasting slow release fertilizer, such as Osmocote, or injection of a high quality liquid fertilizer such as Jacks or Miracle Gro. Herbs for Sunny South or West Facing Walls Aloe Vera Basil Beebalm (Bergamot) Borage Calendula  Catmint Chamomile Chervil             Chives Cilantro Cumin Dill                            Echinacea Goldenseal Hyssop Lavender Lemon Balm Lemon Grass Marjoram Mint Nasturtium Oregano Parsley Patchouli Rosemary Sage Savory Scented Geranium Stevia Thyme Wheat Grass Yarrow Herbs for Partial Shade for East or North Facing Walls Chervil             Cilantro Ginger Lemon Balm 30 Mint Oregano Parsley Sweet Woodruff to for phpotiosns. See Liv d descriptions of plant o an For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  31. 31. Vegetable Growing in LiveWall Many vegetables can be raised in the LiveWall® system, and the benefits to doing so are: care and harvesting are easy, there is little or no bending over, and there is minimal weeding. In addition, vegetable-planted LiveWall applications turn sunny south or west facing walls into multiuse surfaces; essentially into vertical urban farms that produce valuable produce while simultaneously cooling the building and looking beautiful. And, when such walls are applied to restaurants, delicatessens, and cooking schools they not only make a statement about environmental stewardship and sustainability, they can reduce the budget for purchased produce. WallTer Size: The standard size (6 in. deep) WallTers are used for vegetables. Recommended Soil: Vegetables grow well in an organically rich light weight potting soil, and there are many fine products to choose from. Such well known brands as Scotts, Miracle Grow, and SunGro all make outstanding bagged mixes that will do a great job of growing vegetables. LiveRoof, LLC also offers a quality vegetable soil-mix for resale. The key is to choose a lightweight mix formulated with peat or coconut coir and a mineral aggregate such as perlite to insure proper porosity and drainage. Many mixes come with a starter charge of fertilizer, but such fertilizer should be supplemented with a topdress of long lasting slow release fertilizer, such as Osmocote, or injection of a high quality liquid fertilizer such as Jacks or Miracle Gro. Vegetable Plants Beans Cabbage Chives Garlic Kale Leaf Lettuce Midget Muskmelon Miniature Cucumber Miniature Eggplant Miniature Onions Miniature/Patio Tomato Mustard Patio Peppers Peas Peppers (compact varieties) Romaine Lettuce Spinach Strawberry Swiss Chard Tomatoes No weeding, no rabbits, no back strain. 31 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  32. 32. Growing of Tropicals in LiveWall® The LiveWall® system can also be used in interior applications, and in most cases will be vegetated with tropical plants. These same plants can be planted outdoors in tropical climates. Interior applications bring the same aesthetic benefits as outdoor applications, but some of their benefits are enhanced. For example, for office workers, there will be a noticeable improvement in air quality. Being surrounded by vegetation, as compared to a stark wall, can also bring important wellness benefits to office workers and building inhabitants,  including reduced tension, lowered blood pressure, increased productivity, heightened creativity, and a greater sense of well being. These are all positive and automatic biological responses that people have to plants; scientists call this the biophilia response. The tropical and subtropical plants listed here are perennial plants that can persist for many years. There are many options for effective planting of tropical plants. Indoor plants purify air and release oxygen. Some of the keys to success with these plants, just as with other plants, are appropriate lighting, and to pair plants with similar growth habit—for example, if you locate a trailing plant above an upright growing plant, the trialing plant will cascade over the upright growing plant, and may smother it. Better to pair cascading plants above cascading plants, or upright growers with upright growers. You can, of course, locate a cascading plant alongside or underneath an upright grower and have no conflicts. The other thing to consider is the size of the plant, and many tropical species develop quite large canopies and root systems. Because of this, we recommend using the large size (8 inch size) Wallter wall planter. WallTer Size: Typically the large size 8” deep WallTers are used for growing Tropical plants. Recommended Soil: Because tropical plants, in a container, are expected to last for up to 5+ years before becoming root bound and in need of dividing, you will want to use a soil that can last for a relatively long period of time before decomposing. LiveWall, LLC offers a specially designed soil, which we would love to provide for your project. However, many people prefer to source their soil locally, and for those, we recommend a good quality perennial mix—preferably formulated with composted pine bark, peat , and a long lasting porous mineral component such as pumice or haydite. Upright Habit 32 COMMON NAME Alocacia Anthurium Areca Palm Bird Nest Fern China Doll Chinese Evergreen Corn Plant Croton Dumb Cane Fatsia Japanese Aucuba Japanese Holly Fern Peace Lily Schefflera Snake Plant Song of India Star Begonia Watermelon Begonia Zeezee Plant SCIENTIFIC NAME Alocacia x amazonica m-b, (em) Anthurium andraeanum m-b, (em) Dypsis lutescens b, (em) Asplenium nidus m, (em) Radeermachera sinica m-b, (em) Aglaonema commutatum l-m, (em) Dracaena fragans m-b, (bm) Codiaeum variegatum pictum b, (bm) Dieffenbachia maculata l-m, (em) Fatsia japonica l-m, (em) Aucuba japonica m-b, (bm) Cyrtomium falcatum m, (em) Spathiphillum wallisii l-b, (em) Schefflera species m-i, (em) Sanseveria species l-b, (md) Dracaena reflexa m-b, (bm) Begonia heracleifolia m-b, (em) Elatostema repens (em) Zamioculcas zamiifolia b-m, (md) l = low light m = medium light b = bright light i = intense light (em) = evenly moist (bm) = barely moist (md) = moderately dry For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  33. 33. Billowing Habit Asparagus Fern Begonia Boston Fern Bougainvillea Bromiliad Coleus Crocodile Fern Dwarf Tree Fern Guppy Plant Heavenly Bamboo Kangaroo Paw Fern Mexican Heather Peacock Plant Persian Shield Polka-dot-plant Prayer Plant Rabbitsfoot Fern Swedish Ivy Variegated Elephant Bush Asparagus densiflorus m-b, (em) Begonia species and hybrds m-b, (em) Nephrolepis exaltata) m-b, (em) Bougainvillea species b-i, (em) Guzmania lingulata b, (md) Solenostemon scutellarioides b-i, (em) Microsorium musifolium m, (em) Blechnum gibbum m-b, (em) Nematanthus species m-b, (md) Nandina domestica m-b, (md) Microsorium diversifolium m, (em) Cuphea hyssopifolia b, (em) Calathea species m-b, (em) Strobilanthes dyarianum b, (em) Hypoestes phyllostachya b, (em) Maranta leuconeura m, (em) Davallia fejeensis m-b, (em) Plectranthus species m, (bm) Portulaca afra `Variegata’ b-i, (md) Trailing Habit Algerian Ivy Hedera canariensis m-b, (em) Black Pepper Vine Piper nigrum b, (em) Clerodendrum Clerodendrum thomsoniae b, (em) English Ivy Hedera helix m-b, (em) Grape Ivy Cissus rhombifolia m, (em) Mandevilla Mandevilla sanderi b-i, (em) Passionflower Passiflora m-I, (em) Piggyback Plant Tolmiea menziesii m-b, (md) Philodendron Philodendron hederaceum l-b (md-em) Pothos Epipremnum species l-b, (md) Purple Heart Seteresea pallida `Purpurea' m-b, (md)’ Purple Passion Gynura `Purple Passion’ b, (em) Rosary Vine Ceropegia linearis woodii b-i, (md) Spider Plant Chlorophytum comosum m-b, (em) Wandering Jew Tradescantia zebrina m-b, (md) Watermelon peperomia Peperomia argyreia l-m, (em) Wax Vine Senecio macroglossus m-b, (em) 33 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  34. 34. Common Questions About What’s so special about the LiveWall® system? First and foremost, LiveWall is designed by career horticultural professionals to grow healthy plants. This is done with TopSide® technology, whereby the soil is oriented horizontally and the plants grow upward from the top of the soil, as they do in nature. Likewise, the water is delivered in the same manner as it comes in nature, like rain. LiveWall is unique in its simplicity and is designed to be effective, efficient and modular. It utilizes the unique RainRail™ mounting rail/irrigation conduits, WallTer™ wall-planters, WallTer Inserts, and LiveSoil that is specific to the various plant types. The LiveWall system is typically pre-grown for instant maturity, instant benefits, and predictable maintenance and lifecycle costs. It is expected to be successful each and every time. Finally, it is absolutely beautiful when planted, and is even attractive when the plants are dormant. LiveWall can be used in both interior and exterior applications. It is effective for commercial, industrial, educational, governmental and residential projects. It is particularly suited for the urban dwelling environment, and is scalable. It works beautifully in the most intimate urban applications as well as large scale multi-story commercial projects, and in either case can be installed with great efficiency. With LiveWall, design flexibility is unlimited and ranges from the use of annual plants for colorful patterns and waves of flowers to long-lived succulents, perennials, herbs, and vegetables. Maintenance is easy and replacement of the plants is quick and economical. Simple, Effective, Attractive, Instant, and most of all, Great at Growing Healthy Plants. How long does it take to install LiveWall? LiveWall is very easy to install, and the time needed to install a LiveWall will vary with the complexity and accessibility of the LiveWall. Simple walls, rectangular or square in shape, can be installed in as little 1/8 man hour per square foot. These figures would likely be double, or even triple, if the wall is complicated (e.g., where it surrounds windows or signs), or if located beyond the reach of a step ladder—in which case it can be installed with a scissors lift, cherry picker, or mobile scaffold. How much does a LiveWall cost? The costs that go into a LiveWall are infrastructure (WallTers, VertiRails, RainRails, irrigation components, fasteners, etc.), planted WallTer liners, taxes, labor, rental of scissors jack (if a ladder won’t suffice), and a fair profit for the installer. The cost will vary with the scale of the project – bigger costs less, smaller costs more (per square foot), ease of access, and complexity of the project. When we add this all up, we project the Contractor Installed Cost will typically fall within the range of $ 85.00-125.00/sf (U.S. currency). For those that take the do-it-yourself approach, the cost is typically around $45 - 65 per square foot. What are the reasons to use LiveWall over other green wall options? The LiveWall system is different in design and use than other planted living wall systems. LiveWall brings important benefits such as a better aesthetic presentation, instant functional and environmental benefits, substantially lower maintenance, elimination of soil erosion, standardized installation methods, expertly engineered soil and plant selections, durable indefinitely lasting components, and the pride and peace-of-mind in knowing that the project will be successful. With these advantages, LiveWall clearly represents the best value in green wall systems. 34 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  35. 35. What about maintenance? Everything requires maintenance, including LiveWall. But, thankfully, due to the design of the LiveWall system, maintenance requirements are minimal and will vary with the type of plants that have been chosen. Annual plants may not require much care at all, however, at the beginning of each year they will need to be replaced with new fully grown annuals. Simply remove the WallTer inserts from last year, and drop in the new pre-vegetated Inserts for the current year. If perennial plants are used, they will be subject to the typical maintenance of ground level perennial plantings; removal of spent flower stalks, fertilization, trimming stems and foliage if they become overgrown, and if the plants are deciduous (drop their leaves in fall), they will need to be pruned back to the soil level each spring before they break dormancy. LiveWall provides a complete maintenance guide with suggestions for each category of plant. Can LiveWall® be cut to fit? The standard size LiveWall system is designed to be spaced in rows that are 12" on centers vertically. The large size wall planter is spaced on 16" centers vertically. RainRails™ come in standard lengths of 8 feet, however, they can easily be cut to different dimensions provided the overall length is divisible by 16 inches, to match up with the spacing of the irrigation nozzles. When a RainRail is cut to less than 8 feet, the cut end will have to be cleaned of all burs which can plug irrigation nozzles. How much does a LiveWall System weigh? The entire system weighs approximately 12 to 15 pounds per square foot when saturated and vegetated with upright growing plants. Long trailing vines may increase this weight. Is LiveWall easy to install? Yes. LiveWall is very easy to install. Everything is integrated, spelled out in our installation guide and website video, and very few tools are required. Fast easy installation is the norm, and this equates to economical installation. How high can LiveWall be installed? Functionally, LiveWall can be placed as high as your ability to access it (for maintenance) will allow. It is up to the discretion of the Owner/Architect/Engineer as to the appropriateness of the system at any given height, with all health, safety and environmental factors to be considered. Keep in mind that the taller the building, the more substantial the wind forces, particularly upward lifting wind forces. LiveWall specifies the use of its WallTer™ limiting screw and proprietary WindClip™ on installations above two stories. a little redesign for the additional weight of the LiveWall modules, but the principal force of the LiveWall system is downward, so most of the time there are no significant issues. A qualified builder or engineer should always be consulted for retrofit applications. Does LiveWall need irrigation? Yes. The amount of irrigation applied will depend on the plants selected, the local climate, specific weather patterns and the wall orientation (south, north, east, west, windward, leeward, high, low, etc.). In most cases irrigation only needs to run for a minute or two each day. What happens if I have hard water? LiveWall, LLC recommends a low-cost, low-maintenance chemical treatment by CH2O, Inc. for hard water sources. Properly treated hard water poses no health risks and actually provides beneficial nutrients to LiveWall plants. The calcium or iron in untreated hard water, however, can potentially impair the flow of water through the irrigation nozzles. For a free water test to determine what type of hardness (and how much) is in the water, a sample can be sent to: Free Water Test CH20 4141 Boston Harbor Rd. NE Olympia WA, 98506 Attn. Bruce Kooi Phone: 360-259-6493 With the test results, you will receive an approximate total cost to treat 10,000 gallons of hard water. It is quite inexpensive. Does the height of the system affect irrigation? Yes, the higher up you go, the windier the conditions tend to be, and you will get more evaporative drying. One simply compensates with a little more irrigation. In addition, you can expect to lose about 1/2 PSI of pressure per each foot of elevation. This corresponds to about 1/2 PSI for each tier of the LiveWall system. Plumbing should be sized and engineered accordingly. What type of irrigation feed does LiveWall need? The LiveWall system requires an irrigation feed that is capable of providing sufficient water volume and pressure for each irrigation zone. This means 8-10 gpm per valve (zone) and regulated to 15 psi pressure, via pressure regulators that are placed upstream of each valve. The system also requires backflow prevention, and it is strongly recommended that it also include an irrigation controller, fertilizer injector, and a micron filter to keep any waterborne debris from plugging up the irrigation nozzles. These components are available as accessories when purchasing your LiveWall System. Can I retrofit my existing building? In most cases the answer is yes. In some cases it may take 35 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  36. 36. Do I have to blow out the irrigation system in the fall? Yes, if you live in a cold weather location and choose not to wrap the irrigation lines in heat tape, and no, if you live anywhere it does not freeze during the winter. Blowing out the system is easy and should be done with an air compressor that can be regulated to blow it out at no more than 20 psi. Do I need to water during the winter? Warm Climate: If you live in a warm climate, you certainly will. Cold Climate: Follow these guidelines, but use your discretion based upon your unique climate and exposure. • • If the application is planted with perennial plants and it is large scale, we recommend that you wrap the irrigation feed-line and valves in heat-tape and wrap thoroughly with insulation. Activate the heat as cold weather approaches. Because the RainRails drain down after irrigation, wintertime irrigation (as needed) can be applied—but do so only on warm days where water can flow and drain freely, and only enough to remoisten dry soil. If the application is small scale (particularly residential), then wintertime watering can be affected as indicated above, or simply by using a hand held hose or watering can. May I climb upon my LiveWall system for maintenance? No, it is not designed to be climbed on for maintenance or any other reason. Climbing on the system could lead to product failure and falling. Does the LiveWall system reduce noise? Yes, plants, soil, trapped air, and moisture in the soil are great acoustic insulators. Studies have shown that green walls can reduce sound significantly, an important benefit to those who work close to noisy streets, highways and airports. Will I have any moisture or mold issues with LiveWall? It is unlikely that you will have any mold or mildew problems provided proper precautions are taken. LiveWall is designed to fasten to the building like many other siding systems. LiveWall is mounted on VertiRail™ furring tracks, typically 16 inches on center, which creates substantial room for air flow, evaporation, and escape of condensation behind the WallTer™ modules. An important component to any vegetated wall design is to recognize that moisture from the inside of the building can come outward through the walls, and needs an avenue to escape. For this reason, the exterior of the building should not be wrapped in rubber or plastic, but with a breathable weather resistant barrier such as Tyvek. LiveWall, LLC leaves the wall system design including the moisture and mold-proofing up to the architect, engineer, or building contractor, but we are happy to relay to you the common practices that we have seen in use. Does the LiveWall system reduce storm water runoff? The typical LiveWall system has little impact upon storm water runoff. This is because LiveWall’s footprint is vertical and is quite small in terms of horizontal surface area. However, if stormwater management is a high priority, the rain should first be captured from the roof, stored in a cistern, then filtered and used to irrigate the LiveWall system. Used in this manner, the LiveWall system can be an integral component in your stormwater management system. Can I use de-icing chemicals on my LiveWall plants during the winter? No, all plants are damaged or killed by deicing chemicals. If your LiveWall is near walkway areas that are shoveled, you should throw the snow in another direction as it may contain de-icing agents. Can I grow herbs and vegetables in my kitchen? If you have an outdoor kitchen you absolutely can. Indoors? That's a little more involved. You will need to supplement with broad spectrum artificial lighting, especially with leafy greens and certain root crops, which can survive with less light intensity than most herbs. Plants such as lettuce, cilantro, spinach, parsley, scallions, chard, garlic, beets, carrots and kale are known to grow reasonably well with the equivalent of 4 hours of natural light per day. Recognition for your work Please post your projects on the project showcase! And, please email to your high resolution photographs of your LiveWall projects. If we use them in future editions of this catalog or on our website, you will receive credit for your work and creativity. 36 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  37. 37. How do I go about having a LiveWall system installed? LiveWall is easily installed by any person that is “handy”, i.e., familiar with typical construction tools and processes. This means that it can easily be installed by most maintenance crews, contractors, landscape contractors, and cladding and siding installers. Fire resistance? LiveWall is a building facade system and as such is not designed to be fire resistant. The material in the WallTer™ modules, however, is rated at 780º F flash point and burns at 450ºF. The soil is relatively nonflammable, and the plants are variable. If fleshy succulent plants are used, they will actually be a fire deterrent, and if grasses are used, they are potentially flammable if allowed to dry out. How do you hookup the irrigation? The LiveWall system comes with RainRail® mounting tracks, which serve as the irrigation conduits. It also comes with the header piping, irrigation valves and fittings (each fitted with a 15 psi pressure regulator), a 150 micron debris filter, irrigation contoller, and, if quoted, with a backflow preventer. This "irrigation infrastructure" is fed by the irrigation mainline and "blow out fitting" in areas of cold winter, by owner or contractor. What are the irrigation requirements? The RainRail hybrid mounting system/irrigation conduit, in conjunction with wide angle Floodjet™ nozzles provides rainlike irrigation to foliage and soil. This allows for cleansing the soil surface, foliage and stems, and ultimately contributes to plant health and longevity. Water use through this system is minimal and the run time is typically only 1 to 2 minutes per day depending upon plant material and exposure of the plants to wind and sun. How is it fertilized? Fertilization is best applied by a liquid feed siphoner or injector. For small scale applications that are easy to reach from ground level, a topdress application or soil-incorporated slow release granular fertilizer is also appropriate. Fertilization requirements will vary somewhat with the plant material, climate and LiveWall design. Vegetables and herbs thrive in the LiveWall system. 37 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  38. 38. 38 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  39. 39. Design - Making It Easy Infrastructure Design Is Easy: We do it for you Step 1: Send the concept information including desired LiveWall dimensions, and photography or drawings to Step 2: Our LiveWall Design Specialist will contact you to discuss any special design requests. Step 3: Our Design Specialist will translate most conceptual ideas into renderings, material list, quote, and three-part specifications—usually within a day. Create Your Planting Design: Step 4: Once the infrastructure design is completed, you may request a project-specific link for access to the Planting Design section of our web-based Design Doctor. Our online plant listing can help with plant recommendations based on a number of variables, including wall orientation, bloom and foliage colors. Many plant recommendations are discussed in this design guide; however, your local grower / distributor should be consulted for specific regional recommendations. LiveWall can be planted monochromatically, randomly, and in geometric color patterns. It is up to your imagination. Step 5: Once you have completed your planting design, you may save your design in the LiveWall Design Doctor for future editing or you may export it to an editable PDF document. 39 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  40. 40. 40 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  41. 41. Sideways sweeping and swirling patterns work well with fences such as this. Go with what you know; choose plants with healthy, robust habits of 12" – 16" height or length. 41 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  42. 42. Curving, sweeping and abstract patterns with shaprly contrasting colors and textures are captivating. 42 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  43. 43. 43 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  44. 44. LiveWall is the perfect backdrop for outdoor events. This 130' long, 11' tall LiveWall made the top "25" in 2013 ArtPrize among 1500+ entries. 44 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  45. 45. 45 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  46. 46. Less is more – you only need a few colors to create somthing that is very eyecatching. 2 - 5 varieties is plenty. 46 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  47. 47. To cover WallTer planters, choose all upright or all trailing plants in each section. 47 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  48. 48. Farm to Plate; how about Wall to Plate? 48 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  49. 49. This 100 square foot LiveWall can produce $7500 worth of fresh herbs (retail value) per season. 49 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  50. 50. Like seasonal changes? Go from this To this 50 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  51. 51. In about 4 hours 51 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  52. 52. The number of patterns that can be designed is virtually limitless. 52 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  53. 53. Fun and simple patterns are very effective at getting attention. Three plants are plenty to create show stopping designs. 53 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  54. 54. Warranty and Disclaimer LiveWall Disclaimer/Limitation of Remedies and Liability for LiveWall Modular Green Wall System This disclaimer/limitation of remedies and liability applies to all LiveWall modular planted living wall products and LiveScreen and LiveFence products manufactured and sold by LiveWall, LLC under the name of LiveWall, LiveScreen or LiveFence. No person representing or purporting to represent LiveWall, LLC shall be entitled to waive or vary the terms set forth herein, and any attempt to do so shall be void and of no effect. Warranty The LiveWall WallTer module is warranted against material 15 defects and photo degradation for 10 years from the date of installation. The RainRail™ mounting bracket is warranted against material defects for 10 years from date of installation. 15 Color of WallTer planters may lighten with exposure to U.V. Suitability/Particular Applications Because LiveWall, LLC does not have control over each particular application of its products, LiveWall makes no warranties express or implied related to the fitness of LiveWall products for particular applications and or purposes. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether the product is suited to a particular purpose or application, and LiveWall, LLC recommends consultation with a competent architect or engineer to determine if the LiveWall system is suitable for particular conditions related to but not limited to wall design, sun/shade orientation, potential of wind damage, and propensity for mold/mildew. LiveWall does not assume any liability for damage or injury resulting from any system component, stationary or falling, or from soil, plant matter, snow, ice, etc., or components of the LiveWall system falling or dislodging from an installation, or from injury due to anyone climbing upon the LiveWall system. Furthermore, LiveWall, LLC. assumes no liability for slippery or wet surfaces under or around its products. LiveWall, LLC makes no warranty that products installed by installers have been installed properly or in accordance with LiveWall standardized installation procedures. Any warranties for product installation and related work, are available solely from the actual installer. Vegetated walls typically keep wall membranes wetter than traditional walls. This is an important consideration when determining what type of membrane and bonding agent/ method to use. The choice of moisture barrier (breathable membrane or otherwise) and bonding method should be pre-approved with the manufacturer to ensure that it is suited for use in conjunction with the LiveWall system. LiveWall accepts no liability for any issue related to construction components, moisture barrier systems or bonding methods. The waterproofing system manufacturer should always be consulted before applying any type of green wall system. LiveWall accepts no liability for moisture, mold, mildew, insects or animals. Limitation of Remedies and Liability If the product is proved to be defective, the exclusive remedy, at LiveWall, LLC’s option, shall be to refund the purchase price of the WallTer container (exclusive of soil and plant material) or to timely repair or supply of replacement containers (exclusive of soil and plants). LiveWall, LLC shall not otherwise be liable for any loss or damages, whether direct, indirect, special, incidental, punitive, or consequential, regardless of the legal theory asserted, including negligence, warranty, or strict liability. If LiveWall, LLC shall elect to repair or replace the defective product, or refund the purchase price (exclusive of soil and plants), such election shall not be deemed an admission of liability. Any lawsuit or legal action against LiveWall, LLC with regard to product must be brought in Ottawa County, Michigan, and Michigan law shall apply to all proceedings. Plant Grades and Standards The LiveWall system is intended to be delivered in conjunction with empty or vegetated WallTer™ Inserts. The plants are to be an assortment of plants that is suitable for the intended purpose. They may be annuals, perennials, long lived succulents, herbs, vegetables, medicinals, or tropical plants. Any warranty for vegetation must come from the local LiveRoof® Grower/Distributor or maintenance provider. Any such warranty may vary from grower to grower (independent of LiveWall, LLC). Typically plant warranties from growers are associated with additional charges and the adherence to and documentation of specific maintenance practices. The LiveWall system is intended to be supplied with LiveWall’s LiveSoil™ engineered soil, in accord with established specifications. Significant deviation from such specifications may result in suboptimal performance, and resultant performance is solely at the discretion and responsibility of the system owner. LiveWall reserves the right to modify its soil formulations, formulate by subcontractor, or adapt formulations regionally based upon climate, water quality, codes, and regionally available materials. 54 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  55. 55. Catalog Index LiveWall System Benefits.....................................................2-5, 37-38 Comparison to other options................................. 20 Evolution of LiveWall system................................. 6-7 Functional Simplicity in 8 Easy Steps.................... 8-9 Natural Function/Natural Beauty....................... 10-15 Cost...................................................................... 34 Common Questions............................................ 34-37 Fence Applications.............................................. 18-19 Components and Accessories GapTool................................................................. 16 Fittings................................................................... 16 HideAway Brackets............................................... 17 RainRail................................................................. 16 VertiRail................................................................. 16 WallTers................................................................. 17 WallTer Inserts....................................................... 17 WindClips.............................................................. 17 Design Ideas and LEED....................................... 38-51 Design Dr................................................................. 39 LEED................................................................... 52-53 Plants and Soil..................................................... 21-33 Annual Plants................................................... 27-29 Herbs.................................................................... 30 Perennials......................................................... 22-24 Sedums and Succulents................................... 25-26 Tropical and Indoor plants................................. 32-33 Vegetables............................................................. 31 Installation........................................................ 8-9 and online video at Specifications and Online SpecWriter ........................... Warranty and Disclaimer.......................................... 54 55 For Customer Service, call (877) 554-4065 or email
  56. 56. ® OUTDOOR Contact us at: (877) 554-4065 fax (616) 842-3273 LiveWall, LLC A Subsidiary of Hortech, Inc. P.O. Box 533 Spring Lake, MI 49456 Architectural Quality Green Wall Systems That Work From the makers of LiveRoof ® PATENTED AND PATENT PENDING IN U.S., Canada, China, EU, and Other Countries