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The Verb “To Be” In this lesson, we will go over: Some important basic building blocks of Spanish grammar. - The Verb “To Be” Importance in descriptions (present tense) - Personal Pronouns I, You, He, She, etc. - Conjugating Ser and. Estar Ser Estar - Ser vs. Estar When to use one or the other - Practice! If You Have Questions Click on the “Raise Hand” button
“ To Be” is the #1 most commonly used verb in any language. “ I am, it is, she is, they are...” “ To Be”  is a must-know as a basis to  build on other things. First, we will learn about (personal) pronouns, and how they fit with  the verb “To Be.”  We will learn in the present tense. The Verb “To Be”
Personal Pronouns The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos  they (masc.)
The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos  they (masc.)
The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos  they (masc.)
The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you  (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos  they (masc.)
The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos  they (masc.)
The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos  they (masc.)
The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.”  In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we  Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella  she él  he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they  (fem.) ellos  they  (masc.)
Conjugating “Ser” The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you  (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they   (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they  (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
Practice Conjugating Ser Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is   she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is   she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres  tú usted es  ella  él  sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She  is You all  are He  is You (formal)  are They (feminine)  are I  am we  are
Conjugating “Estar” The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you  (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él   estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they  (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they  (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is  she  he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is   she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together  from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is  she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás  tú usted está  ella  él  estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I  am She  is We  are
Comparing Ser and Estar Both are “To be.”  When do you use one or the other in a sentence? What's the difference?  " Ser "  General rule:  when describing a  permanent  or inherent quality . This includes: what something is made of, someone's occupation or nationality, physical characteristics, who a possession belongs to, dates, and amounts of something (including time). " Estar  " General rule:  when expressing the  temporary  state or condition of something . This includes the location of things or people, moods and feelings, physical conditions and appearance.  Also to describe the way something seems or appears now, as opposed to the permanent nature that “ser” covers. Also used in present progressive “-ing” descriptions: Estoy corriendo (I am running).
" Ser "  General rule:  when describing a  permanent  or inherent quality . This includes: what something is made of, someone's occupation or nationality, physical characteristics, who a possession belongs to, dates, and amounts of something (including time). Examples: Es de oro. It's made of gold. El azúcar es dulce.  Sugar is sweet. Mi padre es calvo.  My father is bald.  Mis hermanas son altas.  My sisters are tall.  Son italianos.  They are Italian. Ella es profesor.  She is a teacher.  Son de Pedro.  They are Pedro's. Este es mi libro.  This is my book. Son las seis.  It is 6 o'clock. Both are “To be.”  When do you use one or the other in a sentence? What's the difference?  Comparing Ser and Estar
" Estar  " General rule:  when expressing the  temporary  state or condition of something . This includes the location of things or people, moods and feelings, physical conditions and appearance.  Also to describe the way something seems or appears now, as opposed to the permanent nature that “ser” covers. Also used in present progressive “-ing” descriptions: Estoy corriendo (I am running). Both are “To be.”  When do you use one or the other in a sentence? What's the difference?  Examples: ¿Dónde está el cine? Where is the cinema? Estoy contenta.  I am (feel) happy.  Estoy cansada.  I am (feel) tired. La sopa está fría.  The soup is cold. María está guapa hoy. María is looking pretty today. Hoy estoy de mal humor.  I am in a bad mood today.  La casa está abierta. The house is open.  Estamos bien.  We are (feel) fine.  Comparing Ser and Estar
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es  o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es  o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es  o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es  o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es  o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es  o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es  o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es  o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. ( es  o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Ser o Estar?  Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule:  Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o  está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es  o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o  está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es  o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es  o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. ( es  o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
Lesson Complete Questions ? In this lesson, we covered the verb "To Be", personal pronouns, conjugating Ser and Estar, and when to use Ser or Estar. Keep practicing! Flashcard Set: Theme – Spanish Verbs Ser and Estar http://www.livemocha.com/flashcard_sets/view/213651/Spanish-Verbs-Ser-and-Estar Keep doing Livemocha Lessons Practice with native speakers on Livemocha Converse with a native Spanish speaker and focus on their use of Ser or Estar.

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Verb Ser Estar

  • 1.
  • 2. The Verb “To Be” In this lesson, we will go over: Some important basic building blocks of Spanish grammar. - The Verb “To Be” Importance in descriptions (present tense) - Personal Pronouns I, You, He, She, etc. - Conjugating Ser and. Estar Ser Estar - Ser vs. Estar When to use one or the other - Practice! If You Have Questions Click on the “Raise Hand” button
  • 3. “ To Be” is the #1 most commonly used verb in any language. “ I am, it is, she is, they are...” “ To Be” is a must-know as a basis to build on other things. First, we will learn about (personal) pronouns, and how they fit with the verb “To Be.” We will learn in the present tense. The Verb “To Be”
  • 4. Personal Pronouns The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 5. The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 6. The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 7. The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 8. The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 9. The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 10. The personal pronouns are “I, you, he, she, we, and they.” In Spanish, they are: Personal Pronouns yo I Singular nosotros we Plural tú you (informal) usted you (formal) ella she él he vosotros y’all ustedes you all ellas they (fem.) ellos they (masc.)
  • 11. Conjugating “Ser” The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 12. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 13. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 14. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 15. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 16. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 17. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 18. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 19. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 20. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 21. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Ser” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Ser” eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 22. Practice Conjugating Ser Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 23. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 24. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 25. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 26. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 27. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 28. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 29. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 30. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 31. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 32. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 33. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 34. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 35. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 36. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating Ser are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English eres tú usted es ella él sois vosotros ustedes son ellas ellos soy yo somos nosotros Ser Pronoun Ser Pronoun Spanish She is You all are He is You (formal) are They (feminine) are I am we are
  • 37. Conjugating “Estar” The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 38. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 39. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 40. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 41. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 42. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 43. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 44. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 45. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 46. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 47. The personal pronouns combine with the verb “Estar” to form the following conjugations: Conjugating “Estar” estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish are you (informal) are you (formal) is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we To Be Pronoun To Be Pronoun English
  • 48. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 49. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 50. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 51. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 52. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 53. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 54. Use the grid to join the pronoun and “to Be” together from English to Spanish ! Raise your hand! Practice Conjugating “Estar” are you (inf.) are you formal is she he are y’all you all are they (fem.) they (masc.) am I are we Be Pronoun Be Pronoun English estás tú usted está ella él estáis vosotros ustedes están ellas ellos estoy yo estamos nosotros Estar Pronoun Estar Pronoun Spanish I am She is We are
  • 55. Comparing Ser and Estar Both are “To be.” When do you use one or the other in a sentence? What's the difference? " Ser " General rule: when describing a permanent or inherent quality . This includes: what something is made of, someone's occupation or nationality, physical characteristics, who a possession belongs to, dates, and amounts of something (including time). " Estar " General rule: when expressing the temporary state or condition of something . This includes the location of things or people, moods and feelings, physical conditions and appearance. Also to describe the way something seems or appears now, as opposed to the permanent nature that “ser” covers. Also used in present progressive “-ing” descriptions: Estoy corriendo (I am running).
  • 56. " Ser " General rule: when describing a permanent or inherent quality . This includes: what something is made of, someone's occupation or nationality, physical characteristics, who a possession belongs to, dates, and amounts of something (including time). Examples: Es de oro. It's made of gold. El azúcar es dulce. Sugar is sweet. Mi padre es calvo. My father is bald. Mis hermanas son altas. My sisters are tall. Son italianos. They are Italian. Ella es profesor. She is a teacher. Son de Pedro. They are Pedro's. Este es mi libro. This is my book. Son las seis. It is 6 o'clock. Both are “To be.” When do you use one or the other in a sentence? What's the difference? Comparing Ser and Estar
  • 57. " Estar " General rule: when expressing the temporary state or condition of something . This includes the location of things or people, moods and feelings, physical conditions and appearance. Also to describe the way something seems or appears now, as opposed to the permanent nature that “ser” covers. Also used in present progressive “-ing” descriptions: Estoy corriendo (I am running). Both are “To be.” When do you use one or the other in a sentence? What's the difference? Examples: ¿Dónde está el cine? Where is the cinema? Estoy contenta. I am (feel) happy. Estoy cansada. I am (feel) tired. La sopa está fría. The soup is cold. María está guapa hoy. María is looking pretty today. Hoy estoy de mal humor. I am in a bad mood today. La casa está abierta. The house is open. Estamos bien. We are (feel) fine. Comparing Ser and Estar
  • 58. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 59. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 60. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 61. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. (es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 62. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 63. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 64. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 65. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. (es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 66. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 67. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. (es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 68. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 69. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. (es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 70. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. ( es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 71. Ser o Estar? Which “To Be” verb should be used for each phrase? Remember the rule: Ser is permanent, profession or nationality. Estar is temporary, feeling, or for progressive “-ing” phrases. (es o está) La familia ________ aquí de visita. (es o está ) The family is here visiting. La novia de Juan ________ María. ( es o está) Juan’s girlfriend is María. Jorge ________ bailando con Juana. (es o está ) Jorge is dancing with Juana. Su padre ________ abogado. ( es o está) Her father is a lawyer. Mariela ________ de Venezuela. ( es o está) Mariela is from Venezuela. La mujer ________ muy rica. ( es o está) The woman is very Rich. Raise your hand! Practice!
  • 72. Lesson Complete Questions ? In this lesson, we covered the verb "To Be", personal pronouns, conjugating Ser and Estar, and when to use Ser or Estar. Keep practicing! Flashcard Set: Theme – Spanish Verbs Ser and Estar http://www.livemocha.com/flashcard_sets/view/213651/Spanish-Verbs-Ser-and-Estar Keep doing Livemocha Lessons Practice with native speakers on Livemocha Converse with a native Spanish speaker and focus on their use of Ser or Estar.