Noun Gender

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Learn about Noun Gender, Articles and Irregulars on Livemocha.com!

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Noun Gender

  1. 1. Group Tutoring Sessions <ul><li>Welcome! Please type the following in the chat box to </li></ul><ul><li>help us get started: </li></ul><ul><li>What is your proficiency level for this language? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are you learning this language? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this your first tutoring session? </li></ul><ul><li>First time using your headset or microphone? </li></ul><ul><li>Click Communicate => VoIP Conference => Leave VoIP conference </li></ul><ul><li>Click Communicate => Audio Setup Wizard to restart the Audio Setup Wizard. </li></ul><ul><li>On the second screen of the Audio Setup Wizard select your new device </li></ul><ul><li>Test your speakers and microphones on the following 2 screens, select Headphones and complete the Audio Setup Wizard. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally click Communicate => VoIp Conference => Join VoIP conference to be able to hear the tutor and speak to them. </li></ul>Problem Speaking? Press and hold down the “ CTRL ” key when speaking. Technical Help F or additional help, visit the Group Tutoring Help Page: http:// www.livemocha.com/premium_courses/group_tutoring_help Or email [email_address]
  2. 2. In Spanish, it is important to know the gender of words , in order to choose the appropriate articles. Not knowing the gender would leave us without articles— Having no articles is like having no “a,” “an,”or “the” in English—that would be silly! Noun Gender
  3. 3. In Spanish, every noun has gender—even objects. There are no neutrals. Read the following: el gato the male cat el carro the car el libro the book el pájaro the bird la gata the female cat la bicicleta the bike la pluma the pen la luna the moon Noun Gender
  4. 4. <ul><li>You may have noticed…  </li></ul><ul><li>The first and most important rule is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Words that end in “ a ” are feminine . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words that end in “ o ” are masculine . </li></ul></ul>What do you think is the reason behind this rule? Think about it … Piénsalo … Noun Gender
  5. 5. Clearly and evidently it is because: The letter “a” is a girl. The letter “o” is a boy. La letra “a” es ni ñ a. La letra “o” es niño. Noun Gender
  6. 6. Recap … We’re not done yet! <ul><ul><li>Words that end in “ a ” are feminine . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words that end in “ o ” are masculine . </li></ul></ul>Noun Gender
  7. 7. What about all the other words that don’t end in “a” or “o”? Some words end with consonants —like these: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Noun Gender
  8. 8. What gender are words that end in “-ción”? And the words that end in “-ón”? Can you see some patterns here? el sol the sun el lápiz the pencil el camión the bus el avión airplane el rat ón the mouse la función the function el norte the north el reloj the watch la dirección the address la nación the nation el email E-mail el spam spam la amistad the friendship el mel ón the melon el sur the south la acci ón the action Recognize Endings in Noun Gender
  9. 9. Feminine Endings - Noun Gender ·Words that end in “ - dad ” and “ - tud ” are feminine : la amistad la ciudad la gratitud la universidad friendship the city gratitude the university ·Words that end in “ - ción ,” and “ - sión ,” are feminine : la nación la sesión la dirección la acción the nation the session the address the action ·Words that end in “ - umbre ” are feminine : la costumbre la legumbre the custom the vegetable
  10. 10. Masculine Endings - Noun Gender ·Words that end in “ - ón ” are masculine : el camión el ratón el avi ón el melón the truck the mouse the airplane the melon · Colors , numbers and days are masculine : el azúl el verde el siete el cuatro el lunes el domingo blue green seven four Monday Sunday · Most words that end with a consonant are masculine : el reloj el spam el email el pan the watch the spam the E-Mail the bread ·Words that end in “ - ma ” are masculine : el programa el clima el diploma el sistema the program the climate the diploma the system
  11. 11. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  12. 12. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  13. 13. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  14. 14. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  15. 15. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  16. 16. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  17. 17. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  18. 18. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  19. 19. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  20. 20. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  21. 21. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  22. 22. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  23. 23. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  24. 24. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  25. 25. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  26. 26. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  27. 27. Choose the article for these words—“el” or “la”: sol sun lápiz pencil camión truck avión airplane función function azúl blue norte north reloj watch Practice Noun Gender el the el the el the el the el the el the el the el the
  28. 28. Not done yet… <ul><li>Feminine nouns : </li></ul><ul><li>·End with “ a ” </li></ul><ul><li>·End with “ - ción ” and “ - sión ” </li></ul><ul><li>·End with “ - dad ,” “ - tud ” and “ - umbre ” </li></ul><ul><li>Masculine nouns : </li></ul><ul><li>·End with “ o ” </li></ul><ul><li>·End with “ - ón ” </li></ul><ul><li>·End with “ - ma ” </li></ul><ul><li>(with the exceptions of &quot;la cama&quot; (bed) and &quot;la pluma&quot; (pen/feather) </li></ul><ul><li>·Colors, numbers, and days </li></ul><ul><li>·Most words that end with a consonant </li></ul>Noun Gender Recap …
  29. 29. These rules will be true for most cases, yet there are always exceptions to the rules: el águila the eagle el agua the water el ala the wing Some exceptions are: el día the day el mapa the map el planeta the planet la mano the hand la radio the radio la flor the flower As to why these words are male or female, there are some reasons… Exceptions!
  30. 30. <ul><li>Water is considered male because… </li></ul><ul><li>Boys wear blue </li></ul><ul><li>Girls wear pink </li></ul><ul><li>Water wears blue, therefore it has to be male  </li></ul>el agua the water Exceptions!
  31. 31. <ul><li>The eagle is considered male because… </li></ul><ul><li>Only men go completely bald </li></ul><ul><li>Eagles go bald, therefore they have to be male  </li></ul>el águila calva the bald eagle Exceptions!
  32. 32. <ul><li>The hand is considered female because… </li></ul><ul><li>The hand has a wrist </li></ul><ul><li>Muñeca means wrist or doll </li></ul><ul><li>The hand has a doll </li></ul><ul><li>La mano tiene muñeca </li></ul><ul><li>Only girls have dolls, therefore the hand has to be female  </li></ul>la mano y la muñeca the hand and the doll or the hand and the wrist Exceptions!
  33. 33. It is possible to change the gender of most words by changing the last letter. el hijo the son el abogado the lawyer el corredor the runner el gato the male cat la hija the daughter la abogada the lawyer (female) la corredora the runner, athlete (female) la gata the female cat + “ a” = + “a” = + “a” = + “a” = Changing the Gender of Nouns
  34. 34. With other nouns this is not possible—they may be gender-specific nouns. On objects and most animals it doesnt make sense to change the gender. el rey *nunca* reya the king *never* kingess el caballo the horse el actor the actor la reina the queen la yegua the mare la actriz the actress la persona the person Feminine Masculine Changing the Gender of Nouns
  35. 35. What is the correct article for each word? Practice! sol borrador camión avión agua piedad amistad perro rey lápiz flor lumbre planeta reloj corbata vestido programa mano
  36. 36. What is the correct article for each word? sol borrador camión avión agua piedad amistad perro rey lápiz flor lumbre planeta reloj corbata vestido programa mano Practice! el el el el el la la el el el la la el el la el el la
  37. 37. Summary <ul><li>Words that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End in “ a ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End in “ - ción ” “ - sión ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End in “ - dad ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End in “ - umbre ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and … “ la mano ,” “ la radio ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>are feminine ! </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>Words that : </li></ul><ul><li>End with “ o ” </li></ul><ul><li> And “el dia,” “el mapa” and “el agua” </li></ul><ul><li>End with “ - ón ” </li></ul><ul><li>End with “ - ma ” </li></ul><ul><li>(with the exceptions of &quot;la cama&quot; (bed) and &quot;la pluma&quot; (pen/feather) </li></ul><ul><li>Colors, numbers, and days </li></ul><ul><li>Most words that end with a consonant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>are masculine ! </li></ul></ul>Summary
  39. 39. Lesson Complete Questions? In this lesson, we went over noun gender, ending rules, and exceptions. Keep practicing ! Flashcard Sets: Noun Gender http://www.livemocha.com/flashcard_sets/view/285715/Noun-Gender Spanish Irregular Words http://www.livemocha.com/flashcard_sets/view/285845/Spanish-Irregular-Words Keep doing Livemocha Lessons, and practice with native speakers on Livemocha Talk to native speakers and pay attention to their use of noun gender. And have fun! 

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