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Movement for Liveable London Street Talks - Amy Aeron-Thomas 5th July 2011

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July 2011 Street Talk by Amy Aeron-Thomas, Executive Director, RoadPeace. Brought to you by Movement for Liveable London -
movementforliveablelondon.com

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Movement for Liveable London Street Talks - Amy Aeron-Thomas 5th July 2011

  1. 1. Street Talk <ul><li>Towards a safer and fairer city – </li></ul><ul><li>traffic justice in London </li></ul><ul><li>Amy Aeron-Thomas </li></ul><ul><li>RoadPeace Executive Director  </li></ul><ul><li>5 July 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>RoadPeace  </li></ul><ul><li>the national charity for road crash victims </li></ul><ul><li>supporting crash victims reducing road danger </li></ul>
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Current situation </li></ul><ul><li>Safer –traffic law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Fairer –post crash response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigation and prosecution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensation and rights of victims </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. RoadPeace “ Cyclists beware, there is no justice. In the eyes of the law you are in the wrong, whatever happens ”. supporting crash victims and reducing road danger since 1992
  4. 4. Road danger reduction <ul><li>Different from road safety , in that: </li></ul><ul><li>Duty of care must be shouldered by those posing the greatest threat. </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned not just about road casualties but all consequences of inappropriate and excessive use of motor vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the speed, volume and dominance of the motor vehicle. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Current situation <ul><li>National casualties </li></ul><ul><li>Trend </li></ul><ul><li>External causes </li></ul><ul><li>London </li></ul><ul><li>Under-reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Contributory factors </li></ul><ul><li>DfT & road safety </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reported road casualties (2010)
  7. 7. Who dies: the trend
  8. 8. External Causes of Death for the Young (2008) Homicide
  9. 9. Reported road casualties in London
  10. 10. Under-reporting Total cost of crashes £30 billion Source: Dft, 2010, 2011 Police DfT estimate Serious injuries 23,000 80,000 Total casualties 207,000 700,000
  11. 11. Contributory factors (2009) Note: DfT estimates 360 killed in drink drive crashes in 2009 (80% more than the police)
  12. 12. DfT Road Safety Strategy We intend for the action we take to be seen as acceptable and proportionate to the majority of motorists. (DfT, 2011) Then (2000-2010) Now (2011-2021) Road Safety Strategy Strategic Framework 10 themes 3 themes 150 actions 12 actions 40% K/SI target reduction no targets but… monitoring of casualties, rates and perception of safety
  13. 13. UN Decade of Road Safety Gets a racing start
  14. 14. DfT Business Plan: where is road safety? <ul><li>5 structural reform priorities </li></ul><ul><li>4. Tackle carbon and congestion on our roads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch to more effective ways to make our roads safer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i. Stop central government funding to local bodies for new fixed speed cameras. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ii. Work with local authorities to publish speed camera data. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(And these are the only two references to speed in the entire document that do not relate to high speed rail) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Localism: speed reduction in Southwark <ul><li>with Southwark Council, Southwark Police & MPS Roads Policing </li></ul><ul><li>Key lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Work through Safer Neighbourhood Teams–ask for speed enforcement from Roads Police </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for traffic safety and collision maps to be included in police community consultative group meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for borough lead on traffic safety and collision investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for annual review of RDR efforts </li></ul>Southwark Southwark
  16. 16. Fairness and the post crash response <ul><li>Collision investigation and inquest </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal prosecution and sentencing </li></ul><ul><li>Civil compensation </li></ul><ul><li>Rights of crash victims </li></ul>
  17. 17. National consistency? <ul><li>Published in 2001 but advisory only </li></ul><ul><li>43 independent police services </li></ul><ul><li>DfT estimates minimum resources allocated to collision investigation </li></ul>
  18. 18. Speed estimates <ul><li>Rare to get accurate speed estimates </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to estimate, especially with vulnerable road user collisions </li></ul><ul><li>Black box data rare </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of technical guidance </li></ul>
  19. 19. Witness statements <ul><li>Empirical evidence for rapid memory decay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>steep forgetting curve </li></ul></ul>Cc Forgetting Curve
  20. 20. Collision investigation in London <ul><li>Who investigates? </li></ul><ul><li>Road death/life threatening collisions : Specialist collision investigator based at four traffic garages </li></ul><ul><li>Injury collisions: </li></ul><ul><li>Scene attended by borough police but investigated by Traffic Criminal Justice Unit based at Sidcup </li></ul>
  21. 21. Inquests: lessons not learned <ul><li>Some 70% road deaths </li></ul><ul><li>have inquests </li></ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><li>Families hurt by limited disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>No training for coroners </li></ul><ul><li>Coroner powers rarely used </li></ul><ul><li>No road death verdict “ accident” </li></ul><ul><li>and Coroner reform being rolled back </li></ul>
  22. 22. Criminal prosecution <ul><li>Key concerns for RoadPeace </li></ul><ul><li>Charging decision </li></ul><ul><li>Charging standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>careless vs. dangerous </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of training </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Sentencing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>culpability vs consequences </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Causing death by driving <ul><li>Causing death by …. </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous Driving </li></ul><ul><li>Careless Driving whilst Under the Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Careless Driving </li></ul><ul><li>Driving whilst unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured </li></ul>
  24. 24. Causing death by…
  25. 25. Prison sentences
  26. 26. Causing death by careless driving penalties
  27. 27. Driving bans for causing death/bodily harm <ul><li>5 in 6 drivers who have killed get a shorter ban than a second time drink driver </li></ul>Year: 2010
  28. 28. Motoring convictions (2010)   England and Wales Metropolitan Police Causing death or bodily harm 552 61 Dangerous driving 4001 470 Careless driving 58,721 8,414 Drink driving 60,888 14,126
  29. 29. Civil compensation <ul><li>Stricter liability–civilised compensation system </li></ul><ul><li>Reverses the burden of proof in collisions with pedestrians and cyclists, and </li></ul><ul><li>does not affect criminal prosecution </li></ul><ul><li>does not reward bad behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>protects children and older people </li></ul>
  30. 30. Who already has it Country Year If victim contributed to collision... Denmark 1986 No effect with injury compensation but property damage compensation will be reduced France 1985 No effect if victim under age 16 or over 70 or 20% disabled Germany 1909* No effect if victim under 10 Netherlands early 1990s No effect if victim under age 14 and others cannot be > 50% liable.
  31. 31. Rights of crash victims <ul><li>… are not the same as victims of crime </li></ul><ul><li>Not same </li></ul><ul><li>right to information X </li></ul><ul><li>nor included in crime statistics X </li></ul><ul><li>right to support services X </li></ul>
  32. 32. Dedicated to Barry Mason – a modern day hero
  33. 33. Join Us <ul><li>RoadPeace </li></ul><ul><li>a membership charity </li></ul><ul><li>www.roadpeace.org </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to Network for Social Change for </li></ul><ul><li>funding our work </li></ul>

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