Chemistry Chapter 1 Lesson1 Powerpoint 1

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Chemistry Chapter 1 Lesson1 Powerpoint 1

  1. 1. Chapter 1Preview• Lesson Starter• Objectives• Branches of Chemistry• Top Eight Chemicals Made in the United States
  2. 2. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceLesson Starter• How are the objects in this classroom related to the study of chemistry?• How many of your daily activities are related to chemistry in some way?
  3. 3. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceObjectives• Define chemistry.• List examples of the branches of chemistry.• Compare and contrast basic research, applied research, and technological development.
  4. 4. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceChemistry is the study of the composition,structure, and properties of matter, the processesthat matter undergoes, and the energy changes thataccompany these processes.
  5. 5. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceBranches of Chemistry1. Organic chemistry—the study of most carbon- containing compounds2. Inorganic chemistry—the study of non-organic substances, many of which have organic fragments bonded to metals (organometallics)3. Physical chemistry—the study of the properties and changes of matter and their relation to energy
  6. 6. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceBranches of Chemistry4. Analytical chemistry—the identification of thecomponents and composition of materials5. Biochemistry—the study of substances andprocesses occurring in living things6. Theoretical chemistry—the use of mathematicsand computers to understand the principlesbehind observed chemical behavior and to designandpredict the properties of new compounds
  7. 7. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceBranches of Chemistry• A chemical is any substance that has a definite composition. • sucrose • water • carbon dioxide
  8. 8. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceBranches of Chemistry• Basic Research is carried out for the sake of increasing knowledge. • how and why a specific reaction occurs • what the properties of a substance are • the discovery of Teflon™• Applied Research is generally carried out to solve a problem. • development of new refrigerants
  9. 9. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceBranches of Chemistry • Technological Development typically involves the production and use of products that improve our quality of life. • computers • catalytic converters in cars • biodegradable materials • Basic research, applied research, and technological development often overlap
  10. 10. Section 1 Chemistry Is a Physical Chapter 1 ScienceTop Eight Chemicals Made in the United States

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