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The Past & Future of
Agility
Lean and Agile Trends and Prognostication
A Bit About your Speaker
Arlen Bankston
• Co-Founder of LitheSpeed, LLC
• User experience & product
development background...
Prepare for:
• A Brief Timeline of Agility
• But…
• The Future of Agility
A Brief Timeline
of Agility
The RAD 80s
Rapid Application Development –
James Martin
The Goal – Eliyahu Goldratt
The New New Product
Development Game ...
The Extreme 90s
Lean Thinking – Womack & Jones
Jeff Sutherland introduces Scrum at
Easel Corp
Dynamic Systems Development
...
The Mainstream Millenium
The Agile Manifesto is written
Agile Alliance 20xx
conferences begin
Declaration of
Interdependen...
Government Agile Adoption is Increasing
“The Government intends to use agile in
information and communications
technology ...
The past decade has seen a
big rise in agile certifications.
Leading certifications:
• Scrum Alliance Certified
ScrumMaste...
Commercial Success of Agile Methods
Thanks to VersionOne, 2015 9th Annual State of Agile Development Survey
Who’s Adopted Agile?
Companies large & small, across industries.
• Blizzard
• BMC Software
• Boeing
• British Telecom
• Bu...
… but often shallow.
Thanks to VersionOne, 2015 9th Annual State of Agile Development Survey
But…
The Not-All-Wine-and-Roses Disclaimer
1. Only 13% of all employees are “highly engaged.” 26% are “actively
disengaged.”1
2. Only 54% of employees recommend thei...
Would leave tomorrow or actively looking
Old-Fashioned Management Styles
Working Environment
Feeling Disengaged
Uninspirin...
An Age of Creative Destruction…
At this rate, 75% of the S&P 500 should be replaced by 2027.
Source: http://www.innosight....
The Future of Agility
Organizational Agility
Agile Software Development Manifesto
Individuals & interactions Processes & toolsover
Working software
Comprehensive
docum...
Declaration of Interdependence
Crafted by David Anderson, Sanjiv Augustine, Christopher Avery, Alistair Cockburn, Mike Coh...
Where Have Lean & Agile Principles Flourished?
Infrastructure
OperationsDevelopment Finance HR
MarketingSupply ChainLegal
...
The Manifesto for Organizational Agility
Experiments Business Casesover
Product & Service Flow Transient Projectsover
Iter...
Laloux’s Organizational Levels
Model Key Breakthroughs
TEAL
Evolutionary
Self Management, Wholeness,
Evolutionary Purpose
...
Self Management over Hierarchy
Examples:
• FAVI
• Morning Star
• Holacracy
Keep hierarchies as flat as possible, but suppo...
Wholeness over Work Focus Alone
Examples:
• Patagonia
• Motley Fool
• Nike
Support employees’ well being, motivation, grow...
Evolutionary Purpose over Static Missions
Examples:
• Whole Foods
• Semco
Let missions and roles evolve organically, from ...
Experiments over Business Cases
Examples:
• Capital One
Digital Labs
• Google Labs
Prototype and test ideas before funding...
Product Flow over Transient Projects
Examples:
• Nationwide ADC
• Facebook
• Etsy
Establish stable teams and feed them dyn...
Iteration by Observation rather than Opinion
Examples:
• Amazon
• Netflix
• Spotify
Get feedback through real-life usage a...
Holistic Product Teams over Unilateral Product Owners
Examples:
• Pixar
• Blizzard
• IDEO
Use the whole team to drive prod...
Thanks!
and Good Luck in The Future
Contact LitheSpeed for Further Information
Arlen Bankston
Arlen.Bankston@lithespeed.co
m
www.lithespeed.com
How we can hel...
Upcoming Events
Lean Enterprise Meetup
LitheSpeed Headquarters, 2nd Thursday of Every Month
PMI Houston Annual Expo
Housto...
Upcoming SlideShare
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The Past and Future of Agility: Lean and Agile Trends and Prognostication

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Arlen Bankston
Lean+AgileDC 2015 State of Agility Closing Keynote

Published in: Business

The Past and Future of Agility: Lean and Agile Trends and Prognostication

  1. 1. The Past & Future of Agility Lean and Agile Trends and Prognostication
  2. 2. A Bit About your Speaker Arlen Bankston • Co-Founder of LitheSpeed, LLC • User experience & product development background • 16 years of Agile experience • Certified Scrum Trainer, Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt • Entrepreneur, trainer and consultant
  3. 3. Prepare for: • A Brief Timeline of Agility • But… • The Future of Agility
  4. 4. A Brief Timeline of Agility
  5. 5. The RAD 80s Rapid Application Development – James Martin The Goal – Eliyahu Goldratt The New New Product Development Game – Nonaka & Takeuchi Spiral Model of Software Development and Enhancement – Barry Boehm No Silver Bullet – Fred Brooks 1981 1984 1986 1986 1986
  6. 6. The Extreme 90s Lean Thinking – Womack & Jones Jeff Sutherland introduces Scrum at Easel Corp Dynamic Systems Development Method created Extreme Programming Explained – Kent Beck Adaptive Software Development – Jim Highsmith 1991 1993 1995 1999 1999
  7. 7. The Mainstream Millenium The Agile Manifesto is written Agile Alliance 20xx conferences begin Declaration of Interdependence is written Kanban: Successful Evolutionary Change for your Business – David Anderson 2001 2005 2005 2010
  8. 8. Government Agile Adoption is Increasing “The Government intends to use agile in information and communications technology (ICT) procurement and delivery to reduce the risk of project failure. [Agile is not] solely a method for improving software development. It is also a technique for successful ICT-enabled business change. “ United Kingdom National Audit Office (NAO) Scrum Alliance State of Scrum Report 2013 https://www.scrumalliance.org/why-scrum/state-of-scrum-report
  9. 9. The past decade has seen a big rise in agile certifications. Leading certifications: • Scrum Alliance Certified ScrumMaster, Product Owner, Developer & Professional • SAFe Program Consultant • Lean-Kanban University • PMI Agile Certified Practitioner • Scrum.org • IC Agile Source: The Scrum Alliance Agile Certification Trends
  10. 10. Commercial Success of Agile Methods Thanks to VersionOne, 2015 9th Annual State of Agile Development Survey
  11. 11. Who’s Adopted Agile? Companies large & small, across industries. • Blizzard • BMC Software • Boeing • British Telecom • Business Week • Capital One • CCP Games • CDC • CSC • DTE Energy • EPA • General Dynamics • Google • Marriott • Microsoft • National Geographic • Nationwide • OPower • Primavera • Shell • Siemens • USAA • USCIS • US PTO • US Veterans Affairs • Yahoo! • Large and small companies across industries • Public and private sectors • Life- and mission-critical projects • Collocated and distributed teams • IT departments, product companies, consultancies • Software and non-software projects Today: Agile is Widespread and Commonplace…
  12. 12. … but often shallow. Thanks to VersionOne, 2015 9th Annual State of Agile Development Survey
  13. 13. But… The Not-All-Wine-and-Roses Disclaimer
  14. 14. 1. Only 13% of all employees are “highly engaged.” 26% are “actively disengaged.”1 2. Only 54% of employees recommend their company.2 3. In hi-tech, two-thirds of all workers believe they could find a better job in less than 60 days.3 4. 80% believe their employees are overwhelmed with information and activity at work.4 5. More than 70% of Millennials expect their employers to focus on societal or mission-driven problems.5 Gallup 2014, Glassdoor, Dice, Tech Salary Survey, Deloitte Human Capital Trends 2014, Deloitte, The Millennial Survey 2014 http://www.forbes.com/sites/joshbersin/2014/04/04/the-five-elements-of-a-simply-irresistible-organization/ The Bad News
  15. 15. Would leave tomorrow or actively looking Old-Fashioned Management Styles Working Environment Feeling Disengaged Uninspiring Work Image from Huffington Post Depression, Complaints & Disillusionment 85% 79% 75% 70% 50%
  16. 16. An Age of Creative Destruction… At this rate, 75% of the S&P 500 should be replaced by 2027. Source: http://www.innosight.com/innovation-resources/strategy-innovation/upload/creative-destruction-whips- through-corporate-america_final2012.pdf Average Lifespan on S&P in Years:
  17. 17. The Future of Agility
  18. 18. Organizational Agility
  19. 19. Agile Software Development Manifesto Individuals & interactions Processes & toolsover Working software Comprehensive documentation over Customer collaboration Contract negotiationover Responding to change Following a planover That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more. We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value: http://www.agilemanifesto.org
  20. 20. Declaration of Interdependence Crafted by David Anderson, Sanjiv Augustine, Christopher Avery, Alistair Cockburn, Mike Cohn, Doug DeCarlo, Donna Fitzgerald, Jim Highsmith, Ole Jepsen, Lowell Lindstrom, Todd Little, Kent McDonald, Pollyaanna Pixton, Preston Smith and Robert Wysocki Redmond, WA, February 2005, http://pmdoi.org/ • Increase return on investment by making continuous flow of value our focus. • Deliver reliable results by engaging customers in frequent interactions and shared ownership. • Expect uncertainty and manage for it through iterations, anticipation and adaptation. • Unleash creativity and innovation by recognizing that individuals are the ultimate source of value, and creating an environment where they can make a difference. • Boost performance through group accountability for results and shared responsibility for team effectiveness. • Improve effectiveness and reliability through situationally specific strategies, processes and practices.
  21. 21. Where Have Lean & Agile Principles Flourished? Infrastructure OperationsDevelopment Finance HR MarketingSupply ChainLegal Sales Strategic Leadership Frequent deliveries Small batches Timeboxing Standups Retrospectives Collaborative design Value stream orientation Self management Transparency…
  22. 22. The Manifesto for Organizational Agility Experiments Business Casesover Product & Service Flow Transient Projectsover Iteration by Observation Iteration by Opinionover Holistic Product Teams Unilateral Product Ownersover Self Management Hierarchyover Wholeness Work Focus Aloneover Evolutionary Purpose Static Missionsover PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN& LEADERSHIP PRODUCT DESIGN
  23. 23. Laloux’s Organizational Levels Model Key Breakthroughs TEAL Evolutionary Self Management, Wholeness, Evolutionary Purpose GREEN Culture Driven Organizations Empowerment, Value Driven Culture, Stakeholder Model ORANGE Large Corporations, Charter Schools Innovation, Accountability, Meritocracy AMBER Governments, Churches, Public Schools Formal Roles, Hierarchies, Processes RED Gangs, Mafias, Mercenaries Division of Labor, Command Authority Laloux Model from Reinventing Organizations, Image from Philippe Bailleur
  24. 24. Self Management over Hierarchy Examples: • FAVI • Morning Star • Holacracy Keep hierarchies as flat as possible, but support meaningful commitments through: • Clear localized decision-making policies • Dynamic role allocation • Pull systems with visible rules
  25. 25. Wholeness over Work Focus Alone Examples: • Patagonia • Motley Fool • Nike Support employees’ well being, motivation, growth and value orientation through: • Organic, human work environments • Flexible hours, workspaces, tools, approaches • Connection to a resonating purpose
  26. 26. Evolutionary Purpose over Static Missions Examples: • Whole Foods • Semco Let missions and roles evolve organically, from within, based upon demand by: • Encouraging experimentation • Enhancing and speeding feedback loops
  27. 27. Experiments over Business Cases Examples: • Capital One Digital Labs • Google Labs Prototype and test ideas before funding them through: • Agile portfolio management • Lean startup, UX approaches, hackathons • DevOps-style integrated, flexible capabilities
  28. 28. Product Flow over Transient Projects Examples: • Nationwide ADC • Facebook • Etsy Establish stable teams and feed them dynamic flows of work via: • Versatile, standing teams • Agile portfolio management • Continuous delivery/deployment
  29. 29. Iteration by Observation rather than Opinion Examples: • Amazon • Netflix • Spotify Get feedback through real-life usage and empirical data, not just internal demos via: • Continuous delivery • Lean startup-style techniques • Lean UX
  30. 30. Holistic Product Teams over Unilateral Product Owners Examples: • Pixar • Blizzard • IDEO Use the whole team to drive product design, with facilitative rather than dictatorial leaders: • Design thinking • Collaborative design patterns • Story mapping
  31. 31. Thanks! and Good Luck in The Future
  32. 32. Contact LitheSpeed for Further Information Arlen Bankston Arlen.Bankston@lithespeed.co m www.lithespeed.com How we can help: • Training – Agile Leadership Academy, Scrum, SAFe, custom workshops… • Coaching – Team, Program & Portfolio consulting • Government Consulting Create a robust agile delivery & support capability
  33. 33. Upcoming Events Lean Enterprise Meetup LitheSpeed Headquarters, 2nd Thursday of Every Month PMI Houston Annual Expo Houston, TX, June 8-10, 2015 Agile Executive Forum CIT, Herndon VA, August 3, 2015 Agile Alliance’s 2015 Annual Conference National Harbor, MD August 3-7, 2015 Agile DC Washington, DC, October 2015 Agile DC Executive Summit CIT, November 2015

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